Final Hotel Design Project

Final Hotel Design Project

Harry Shapiro

Hospitality Management

Services Marketing & Management

Activity Description: Provide a brief description of the activity

Students create a blog post that contains the conceptual design of a hotel that has a specific place-based location. They will design services for their hotel along with a service delivery system (Heskett, 1994), and elements of a servicescape (Bitner, 1992). They will also explore how information about this hotel will be brought to market; they must contemplate how they will create marketing messages for the hotel. They will use the hotel to explore the interdependencies between services management and marketing. Students will be given an example outline, and an example of a completed assignment.

This is the fifth of five related assignments and it will be used by the students as the input to a final summative exam.

Learning Goals: What do you aim to achieve with this activity?

Students will create a blog post. Critical Reasoning about Ethics will play a major role in crafting this post; such thinking will help students understand and balance the diverse needs of guests, staff and management.

However, there are additional and overlapping goals and objectives including place based learning, and storytelling. This activity will use a peer reviewed critical thinking (around Ethical issues) rubric to help the students understand the complex balance that must be achieved in consideration of the needs of the staff, the customers, the managers, and the owners when designing, managing, and marketing a service.

Ultimately they should be able to demonstrate that if staff are not properly treated, the guests will not be treated well and they will have a hard time marketing their property; inversely when they go above in beyond in caring for staff, not only will it help improve guest experiences it will help the hotel "market itself." They will also make it clear how the Servicescape of the hotel plays a role in the treatment of guests and staff, but also in how the hotel is able to "auto-magically create its own marketing."

Services management is often an futile attempt to brindle, constrain, and restrict the activities of staff while demanding impeccable service delivery — Heskett (1994) turns this on it's head by making it clear that management must first create an impeccable workspace for the staff (the Service Profit Chain) if they wish to have an effective and impeccable service delivery system. Bitner (1992) makes it clear that the space in which the service is delivered also plays a key role in the service delivery. Bitner's work pre-dates the Instagram Selfie, the smartphone, and the selfie stick — yet a property with an excellent servicescape will generate its own inbound marketing (Shah, & Halligan, 2005).

The final summative assessment for the course will ask students to draw from this assignment; this assignment is asking them to create their own Services Management and Marketing "crayon box" and during their final exam use it to draw-out the learning they have synthesized during the course.

Timing: At what point in the lesson or semester do you use this activity? How much classroom time do you devote to it? How much out-of-class time is expected?

Very little time is to be spent in class on this phase of the assignment. Classroom time will include a discussion of the assignment during week 10, a review of the assignment week 11, and during week 12 a showcase covering how the assignment will be used during the exam week. During week 14 the students will peer review each other's assignments using several rubrics. During week 15 the students will use a print-out of their post as part of their final exam.

Logistics: What preparation is needed for this activity? What instructions do you give students? Is the activity low-stakes, high-stakes, or something else?

The prior assignments should help students prepare for this assignment.

Prior Blogging Assignments
* Design a Dish
* Design a Signature Dish
* Design a Hotel (Group Assignment)
* Design a Customer Relationship Management Process (group)
* Design a Hotel (Individual Assignment) ← This assignment

The instructions are found here:

Example Individual Hotel Concept

Assessment: How do you assess this activity? What assessment measures do you use? Do you use a VALUE rubric? If not, how did you develop your rubric? Is your course part of the college-wide general education assessment initiative?

Students will peer review with several rubrics including the Ethical Reasoning Value Rubric. The instructors assessment using the Ethical Reasoning Value Rubric will also be submitted to the school.

Since this activity is a precursor to the final and summative assessment for the course, the assignment will be "graded" during this assessment. The course is a writing intensive course.

Reflection: How well did this activity work in your classroom? Would you repeat it? Why or why not? What challenges did you encounter, and how did you address them? What, if anything, would you change? What did students seem to enjoy about the activity?

I have completed parts 1 – 4 (see below); it has worked effectively. Students have demonstrably been able synthesize the learning outcomes from the course into real world examples. A challenge to this specific was the negative reaction to the detailed nature of the assignment. This negative reaction was discussed openly and compassionately; I presented a counter narrative discussing how since this was part of the final exam, they were better off with an assignment that gives them five weeks to complete it vs. having to craft it only within the time allowed during an exam. Most students accepted the "open book" and "take-home" nature of the assignment. Prior assignments included

* Design a Dish
* Design a Signature Dish
* Design a Hotel (Group Assignment)
* Design a Customer Relationship Management Process (group)

Additional Information: Please share any additional comments and further documentation of the activity – e.g. assignment instructions, rubrics, examples of student work, etc. These can be links to pages or posts on the OpenLab.

Please share a helpful link to a pages or post on the OpenLab

https://openlab.citytech.cuny.edu/service-product-design/category/one/

Designing New Services

Designing New Services

Harry Shapiro

Hospitality

Services Marketing & Management

Activity Description: Provide a brief description of the activity

Students working in groups are requested to design a new hotel with the business or economic goal of service a specific class of customers. For example: high school students on a class trip, teams from start-ups that are traveling together for business, groups of millenial age friends who are traveling together, LGBTQ travels, folks who have any disability covered by ADA who are traveling for business or pleasure.

Specifically the students are to create several services within the hotel that are designed to appeal to the travel, describe a Servicescape for those services to "live within," and use the Service Profit Chain (SPC) to create rewards, tools and other innovations to find, hire, and create an awesome team of staff and managers.

Learning Goals: What do you aim to achieve with this activity?

The objective is for students to use critical thinking and pull-in much of what they know about hospitality to design amazing servicescapes that can support amazing new and innovative services and use the tools offered within the SPC to insure that those services are delivered effectively and efficiently.

Timing: At what point in the lesson or semester do you use this activity? How much classroom time do you devote to it? How much out-of-class time is expected?

Throughout including the first few weeks, after the mid-term, and again towards the end of the course. In case students will have 20-30 minutes in groups. The groups are based on the normal table seating. However, diff. exercises will mix and match the students so they can interact and engage with the entire class through the exercise.

Logistics: What preparation is needed for this activity? What instructions do you give students? Is the activity low-stakes, high-stakes, or something else?

Students should be current on reading. There is both instructor assigned reading and self assigned materials.

Assessment: How do you assess this activity? What assessment measures do you use? Do you use a VALUE rubric? If not, how did you develop your rubric? Is your course part of the college-wide general education assessment initiative?

The goal is to refine this over the course of the term. There are several initial assessments verbally in class as well as peer assessments.

The core exercise is going to be a critical part of the final exam which will offer a summative assessment assessment: have students learned how servicescapes and the SCP work together? Have students learned how the design of a new service impacts staff & customers. How students learned how to design innovative management and reward structures to support their innovative new services.

Reflection: How well did this activity work in your classroom? Would you repeat it? Why or why not? What challenges did you encounter, and how did you address them? What, if anything, would you change? What did students seem to enjoy about the activity?

It is going well. This is the firs term

Additional Information: Please share any additional comments and further documentation of the activity – e.g. assignment instructions, rubrics, examples of student work, etc. These can be links to pages or posts on the OpenLab.

Please see the examples from class.

Please share a helpful link to a pages or post on the OpenLab

Table Research

Table Research

Harry Shapiro

Hospitality Management

HGMT 3502

Activity Description: Provide a brief description of the activity

Students "hear" a discussion about solving management problems/issues but don't really understand what that means. It's the difference between writing a paper that explains why recycling is needed (which is hardly original), vs. designing a recycling program for a business that needs such a plan..

"Research" is a tough course to teach for a variety of reasons including that most students have a deeply held concept of what it means to write a research report. In short most feel it means read what a few folks have said about a topic and repeat it back using lot's of quotes.

HGMT 3502 Hospitality Management Research Seminar – is focused on students finding original solutions to *management problems* within the industry.

While there are many ways to continue research from a in depth literature review, statistical analysis of secondary data, or going through the IRB process and collect primary data — 100% the best way for a hospitality management student to do original research is to find a management issue some place where they work, or have worked, and solve it!

Learning Goals: What do you aim to achieve with this activity?

The goal of this activity is to ask students in small groups to define what are and what are not "management issues and problems" and to understand the scoping issue between "a global issue" like fair wages and a "management issue" — how to help a specific business implement a fair wage policy that doesn't pay (for example) women less money (for the same job) as men.

Timing: At what point in the lesson or semester do you use this activity? How much classroom time do you devote to it? How much out-of-class time is expected?

1st class — first 1/2 of the first class. About 20 minutes.

Logistics: What preparation is needed for this activity? What instructions do you give students? Is the activity low-stakes, high-stakes, or something else?

I will read from the syllabus to explain why HGMT is focused on solving "management issues" and identify a few examples. Then I will ask each group to find 1 more example. Each group will present their example(s).

I will provide a list of global issues and a rubric for evaluating if it has been transformed into a management issue.

Then as a follow-up each group will be given more time to find "new" global issues and a corresponding management issue.

Assessment: How do you assess this activity? What assessment measures do you use? Do you use a VALUE rubric? If not, how did you develop your rubric? Is your course part of the college-wide general education assessment initiative?

Teamwork and collaboration: are the groups dominated by a single student or are they as a group working through the problem.

Finding answers that fit into the rubric of a management issue.

Reflection: How well did this activity work in your classroom? Would you repeat it? Why or why not? What challenges did you encounter, and how did you address them? What, if anything, would you change? What did students seem to enjoy about the activity?

Instructure Eval:
Discussion: post even discussion about possible topics and the focus of original research –> have students understood the scoping issue.

Student "want" to write about one or more very broad topics which they can discuss with little depth and details; whereas a typically successful paper covers one very narrow topic in super depth and detail.

Additional Information: Please share any additional comments and further documentation of the activity – e.g. assignment instructions, rubrics, examples of student work, etc. These can be links to pages or posts on the OpenLab.

If students don't really understand what type of paper is required from them, they can't really pick a topic.

They (typically) pick global topics of interest to them (recycling, diversity, etc.) but the rarely go to the next level and pick a narrowly scoped topic that allows to solve a problem with actionable details.

Please share a helpful link to a pages or post on the OpenLab