racism in soccer



ENG 1101



                                      RESEARCH AND AUDIENCE ASSIGNMENT


My topic is based off of racism in the sport of soccer.I am writing to the kids and pro soccer players out there that are going to soccer games and watching the games live on tv. To be aware of a big problem going on in the atmosphere of soccer which is racism not to long ago prior to me writing this there was an altercation that happen between pro soccer player Raheem Sterling and the Bulgarian soccer team. As England was winning by a big lead Bulgarian fans started shouting out racist slurs at the players manly at sterling Because of the 6-0 defeat.England has not been immune from the problem.  Chelsea fc banned six fans, one for life, after racist abuse was directed at Raheem Sterling.when it came to race relations within the sport.

UEFA has punished Bulgaria with a partial stadium closure for the match against England because of racist fan behavior during recent matches against Czech Republic and Kosovo. This calls for stadium officials to warn fans to cease any racist behavior upon a first offense. If the behavior persists, the referee is to stop the game and remove the teams from the field. Finally, the referee is to halt the game if the abuse continues. But england stayed in the match because if not it could result in an Englishforfeit.

This caused the Prime Minister Boyko Borissov to call the president of the Bulgarian Football Union to resign following the racist abuse of England players. Which was a good move on his behalf. This whole situation that happened brings me back to april 24th of 2014 barcelona vs villarreal where the opposing fans through a banana at barcelona’s right back dani alves that was going for a corner kick.These fans where using very racists chants at the brazilian native like calling him a monkey.And like telling him to go back to his country.

As well with intermilans striker romelu lukaku as he is going on the pitch multiple racist chants are thrown and for every single time that this has happened nobody gets penalized  for it .I personally feel like fifa should should step their game up and penalize the teams for not standing up against the crowd.There can be multiple ways of stopping this like penalizing or even educating the fans to stop with their racism. Because so for fifa haven’t done anything against these chants and until fifa does something they wont stop.They should at least think about the kids that are going to watch matches and what if the crowd of the team starts shouting out racist chants. 

It’s either the kid is going to be scared to even play the game or they might feel like its right to be racist which its not . Every league should use the same rules that uefa uses which is if the referee becomes aware of serious racist behaviour, or is told of it by the fourth official, he should, as a


first step, stop the game and ask for an announcement to be made requesting the public to immediately stop such racist behaviour.If the racist behaviour does not stop once the game has restarted, the referee shall suspend the match for a reasonable period of time, and ask the teams go to the dressing rooms. A further announcement shall be made to the public.if the racist conduct does not end after the game has then resumed, the referee shall definitively abandon the match as a last resort.

 The UEFA delegate will help the referee, through the fourth official, in determining whether the racist behaviour has stopped, and any decision to leave the pitch will only be taken after all other possible measures have been implemented and the impact of abandoning the match on the security of the players and public has been assessed.

But sadly these rules have only been implemented in champions league.One of the leagues that is famous for racists fans is the italian league which is serie A but have now gone to an agreement.Multiple Serie A clubs joined together to make a statement on nov 22 of 2019 to publicly recognize that there are serious problems with racism and hate speech in the league.The acceptance comes from an Italian league known for constant racist chants and discriminatory behavior. 

It’s a problem that they have not done anything to stop this over the years. Images of players being racially abused in Italian soccer  has been viewed and discussed all around the globe this season . That gives them a bad image . Racist chants have recently been aimed at Romelu Lukaku, Franck Kessie, Dalbert Henrique, Miralem Pjanic, Ronaldo Vieira, Kalidou Koulibaly and Mario Balotelli. All the players where targeted  except for Pjanic, who is Bosnian the rest are african european.England international Eniola Aluko, who will leave Juventus’ women’s squad following Saturday’s game against Fiorentina, said she as well experienced racism off the pitch in Italy on a post interview of the game.

All of these ads that fifa puts out are good in a sense to spread positivity to say fair play and to say no to racism these all have good meanings but I feel like they should at least put a little more hard work into  it to at least implement the uefa rules to every single league owned by fifa.Other leagues as well should because this has gone to far dating back to the beginning of soccer history at its peak this hurts everyone that is being judged just by their color or for not being the same skin tone I say personally to the kids to try to stay away from the negativity and to the pro soccer players to try to make a stand to fifa so they can implement stricter rules against descrimination in football about race and sexuality so we can all watch the beautiful game of soccer without having to see such filth.


These are My 5 sources are for my topic.   https://www.fifa.com/confederationscup/videos/y=2017/m=6/video=fifa-say-no-to-racism-my-game-is-fair-play-2895097.html https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJYhp4bqJQAhttps://www.cnn.com/2019/11/04/football/balotelli-racist-chants-football-serie-a-intl-spt/index.htmlhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YHjxVsjueFMhttps://www.uefa.com/insideuefa/social-responsibility/respect/no-to-racism/

fairy tales

Cesar cordero 

English 1101

Fairy tales 

Tatar, Maria.  The Annotated Brothers Grimm.  New York: W.W. Norton and Company,Inc, 2004.  Print

The Annotated Brothers Grimm is actually a rare example of a complete and relevant title-this work is a collection of Fairy Tales collected by the Brothers Grimm,kept in their (at least mostly) original form instead of attempting to modernize them.  For instance, in the story of Little Red Riding Hood, the girl is naïve and is eaten by the wolf, then released when the huntsman takes scissors and slices the wolf’s belly open, filling it with stones. Each of the stories has a number of annotations, numbered according to the quality of the tale, which details differences in portrayals, and potential meanings behind these variations.  An excellent start to the study of Fairy Tales, as they are the rough originals.

Klima, John.  Happily Ever After.  New York City: Night Shade Books, 2011.  Print.

Happily Ever After is a collection of retold Fairy Tales, including story form (such as My Life as  Bird by Charles de Lint, He Dies that Day, In Thirty Years by Will McCarthy, and The Rose Garden by Michelle West), and a dramatic script (in Gregory Maguire’s “The Seven Stage Comeback,” a 1 Act play with 6 Scenes).  Included before each story is a brief annotation about the authors in question, which grants minor details about prior works (such as Gregory Maguire’s work on the book Wicked, now a Broadway Musical, which details the life and times of Elphaba, better known as the Wicked Witch of the West).  A good read for fun, and an excellent record of modernized Fairy Tales.

Nayar, Pramod K.  “The Sense of Horror; Angela Carter’s ‘The Bloody Chamber’”.  Notes on Contemporary Literature 38.1 (2008): 4.  Students Resources in Context.  Web.

This is an article written by a professor employed at the University of Hyderabad in India focusing on The Bloody Chamber by Angela Carter.  This is an excellent example of academic essays written on the subject, as well as the simple scope of distance that the structure of Fairy Tales has spread, despite the “traditional stomping grounds” of Europe that claim this structure.  In these, he writes on the stimulation of horror, or fear, that is created, “not by appealing to the reader’s intellect by rather by stimulating bodily sensations in terms of colour, temperature, and haptic (sense of touch) conditions.” It is an examination in detail of that horror, and of the exact effects upon the reader.  This is an excellent source when searching for the direct form of influence between reader and book in modern Fairy Tales.

Talor, Patricia R.  “Criminal Appropriations of Shakespeare in Jasper Fforde’s Something Rotten.”  College Literature 37.4 (fall 2010): pg 23.  Print.

This is a critical essay written on the subject of a book written by Jasper Fforde entitled Something Rotten, which is a parody of Shakespeare’s work.  Fforde writes many parodies, with examples listed in the text (including The Eyre Affairin 2001, Lost in a Good Book in 2002, The Well of Lost Plots in 2003, Something Rotten in 2004, and First Among Sequels in 2007); these books employ many of Shakespeare’s characters in appropriation in ‘displays of destructive power; for example police incarcerate actors for poorly performing Twelfth Night…’  This essay argues that violent appropriations can be constructive rather than oppressive.  A reliable source for the journal in which it appears, which is the triennially published College Literature Journal, though this essay can also serve in the act of examining differences of perspectives regarding venerable Shakespeare, and the comedic side of Fairy Tales in remembering one thing-many such tales were written as counterpoints to major or venerated subjects.

Hume, Kathryn.  “Voice in Kathy Acker’s Fiction” Contemporary Literature.  Volume 42 issue 3 (2001) pages 485-513.  Print.

This is an article describing the use of voice in the fiction of Kathy Acker, voice being defined as “a combination of verbal flavor, attitude, and subject matter designed to display the attitude and encourage it in readers.  Voice in this sense resembles the orchestration and preferred tonalities that lets one identify a couple measures of Tchaikovsky from the Russian intervals…The voice in Acker’s fiction is similarly individual to her, and paying attention to it helps uncover her assumptions about character and understanding what she is reacting against.”  This article is meticulously detailed, and as such is a solid source for the identification of individual styles, an integral part of understanding Fairy Tales and fiction, which Kathy Acker writes. Cashdan, Sheldon.                                                                                                            

The Witch Must Die:  The Hidden Meaning of Fairy Tales.  New York City: BasicBooks, 2000.  Print.

This book was written by a professional psychologist, as an in-depth examination of the “classic” mentality of the most prominent audience of fairy tales- children.  As such, it has many parts that have reference to the psychology of children, and the application of these stories to those children. It is worth noting, though, that Cashdan did commit one failure-the assumption that these tales were always meant for children, which did not happen until roughly the Victorian Age, several hundred years after their creation.  The originals were folk and morality tales enhanced by the upper class and collected by scholars for that upper class, and as such one must remember this pitfall. That aside, it is a good look at the formulaic mindset behind their examination- apply story X to child Y for condition Z and the child is fixed, which has some merits, though it is not the be-all and end-all of the stories.

Tatar, Maria.  The Grimm Reader: The Classic Tales of the Brothers Grimm.  New York: W.W. Norton and Company,Inc, 2004.  Print

This is a book written by the chair of the Program in Folklore and Mythology at Harvard University, and as such is as close to a scholastic source as you will get to the ideals.  This book has in it annotations and a preface to provide readers with the historical and cultural context to understand what these stores meant and their contemporary resonance. The book includes some of the more famous stories in world literature, such as Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood, Hansel and Gretel, Snow White and other stories less known, such as The Seven Ravens

Maguire,Gregory.  Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West.  New York City: Harper Collins, 1995.  Print.

Wicked, written by Gregory Maguire, is a good example of another phenomenon regarding Fairy Tales.  Normally, Fairy Tales are read as short bedtime stories, ending in less than 10 pages, but since the books have become popular and public libraries almost common in cities, the tales have been lengthened to become true novels.  Wicked focuses on the life of Elphaba, known to the world at large as the Wicked Witch of the West in The Wizard of Oz (which by itself is a wonderfully structured Fairy Tale), and in particular it is an examination of that society through the eyes of a cynic, providing the views of realism to such a story.  For example, in the beginning of the book, when Elphaba is born, people react with revulsion and shock to her skin color, despite the relative oddity (to the reader in the real world) of having talking animals.  A good look at the effects of reality in Fairy Tales, and the lengthening of those stories.

My Rhetorical Analysis of Kendrick Lamar’s To Pimp a Butterfly

The argument can be made that identity is one of the most important concepts for human beings. If a people live without being conscious of their identity, they will live not knowing who they
really are; they will question their beliefs and values because of this uncertainty. Unfortunately, many persons are uncertain of their identities, and instead accept those that their pressed upon them by the dominant sectors of society around them; this is particularly true for blacks in America, and around the world. On March 16
, 2015, Kendrick Lamar released his critically acclaimed third studio album named how To Pimp a Butterfly
; a social commentary on politics, the Hip-Hop industry, and most importantly, black identity in the twenty-first century. Lamar uses his album to satirize various African-American ideologies while criticizing the continued marginalization of blacks by the government via the American socioeconomic system. Firstly, it is important to understand exactly what an ideology is. An ideology can be
defined as “An organization of opinions, attitudes and values – 
 a way of thinking about man and
(Adorno). Ideologies may take many different forms, depending on the societies in which they are imposed. The topic of ideology was most notably explored by German philosopher and revol
utionary, Karl Marx, in “The German Ideology.”

n the text, Marx presents his critique of the ideologies expressed by his former colleagues, Bruno Bauer and Max Stirner of the Young Hegelians (Marx and Engels). This was the foundation upon which Marxism was built. In this text, Marx, along with Friedrich Engels, states that a person is who he is as an individual based upon what he contributes to society. Marx criticizes the Hegelians for maintaining an idealistic worldview. He argues that material circumstances shape ideas, and not the other way around as the Hegelians believed. Despite
claiming not to be a Marxist, Karl Marx’s impact on the ideological sphere is undeniable.
 Furthermore, ideological criticism is the process of examining and critiquing rhetorical texts to identify their
“dominant ideology or ideologies”
(Foss). In addition to the aforementioned Marxism, ideological criticism has been practiced on Structuralism, Postmodernism and various cultural studies. Foss explains that in ideological criticism, one must first identify the ideograph, or the “traces of ideology in an artifact.
The ideograph, in other words, is what indicates a particular ideology in a text. The term ideograph was first coined by renowned rhetorical scholar and critic, Michael Calvin McGee, in 1980. These ideographs are significant based on the time period, and culture in which they are used. Hence, the process of ideological criticism is to identify these ideographs in order to explain their cultural significance and relevance
 –  which is always larger than the words themselves
 –  according to what was occurring in the world, or in society, at their time of use.
It is also important to understand why Lamar’s album is rhetorical; its context must be
explored. On August 9
, 2014: Michael Brown, an 18 year old black male was shot and killed by Darren Wilson, a white police officer (NBC). This quickly sparked rioting in Fergusson, Mississippi the following day, and again on November 24
. This was a particularly volatile situation due to the.Kendrick Lamar deviates from what would be considered the norm for a 21st century hip-hop artist in almost every aspect. He does not spend his time rapping about gold chains and women in the same way that someone like Juicy J or Wiz Khalifa would. He stays true to his Compton roots, providing social commentary and insights into black culture and the world
around him; according to Andrews, he would likely be classified as a “Conscious MC” in the
same manner that Common would. Like Common, Lamar openly makes references to the Black
Panthers as seen in “The Blacker the Berry” and i
s clearly anti-gangsta rap. Lamar is arguably the most prominent conscious MC since Tupac Shakur, who was
known for his frequent use of the acronym THUG LIFE: The Hate U Gave Lil’ Infants Fucks Everyone. This acronym represents a lot of what Lamar raps about: the Lumpen
 – from a Marxist point of view
 – or the black male in the streets.
THUG LIFE represents “the mentality of young Black men on the street in order to survive the harsh realities of living in a racist society”
(Andrews). Lamar regularly identifies with the thug because both the thug and the bad guy are the products of the societies in which they were marginalized.
To Pimp a Butterfly has received critical acclaim, and explores black identity and ideology from both a positive and negative perspective. At a time when it seems like the world isclamoring for a black revolution, Lamar intelligently steps outside of the “system” and openly
criticizes it, while criticizing blacks in the same way a father would; he is holding all parties accountable in an effort to provoke thought and increase social consciousness. Whether Lamar is the next Tupac, and whether or not what Lamar raps about sparks a new Black Power movement, the avenues he explores remain authentic to the genre and explore the black identity in such a way that this album means something instead of being just another hip-hop album. Tomorrow may not see the reemergence of conscious hip-hop, but as indicated by this album’s commercial and critical success, people are listening; maybe,just maybe more people will listen to the meaning and not just the words, as well

literacy narrative

Cesar  cordero

Prof ms.jewel

Sitting on a colorful rug and listening to my pre-kindergarten teacher, read books from Dr. Seuss was first memory of learning to read. She would read word by word slowly and show us what she was reading and of course she would show off the pictures. She finished reading and now we are sitting at our tiny tables learning how to write the alphabet and numbers. Those are the first memories I have of learning to read and write. Starting kindergarten I finally compose sentences though spelling was no my forte. Throughout elementary and middle school my writing improved because now I finally knew what the parts of speech were and the grammar rules that go along with writing.  Grammar and parts of speech took a lot of practice and we reviewed almost every year. During those years I mainly learned the basics and the structure for writing.

         My experiences in high school are my most vivid of memories when it comes to reading, writing, and communicating. My freshman year of high school I had an English teacher that had a big personality and made English class interesting and often unpredictable. She would break out into a song or dance in order to explain things such as a hyperbole. She was the first teacher to peak my interest in reading and writing. Sophomore year was also a turning point for my writing because I had to write a lengthy research paper on Macbeth by William Shakespeare. I learned that I have trouble staying focused on my thesis at times and my wording can often be awkward. I was thankful that quite a bit of drafting was involved and my final paper was a huge improvement.  Junior year was a great year for my interest in reading because I read East of Eden by John Steinbeck, which was a great book. Reading East of Eden made me realize how important annotating is and that rereading the text may be necessary if you did not pick up a good understanding the first time around. Senior year was an interesting one because of my expository reading and writing class. One of the hardest things I did was writing a group essay. We were in a group before we started the essay then when we started to draft we discovered we had different opinions on the topic. Communication was key and we had to figure out a compromise so that we could all get our point across.  High school had a huge contribution to my literacy narrative.      

         Over the years I have learned that I comprehend text well but have trouble staying focused and getting my point across clearly which are aspects that I would like to improve on. It is a goal of mine to improve my skills of focusing on the thesis and be state my thoughts clearly.

without beating around the bush and rambling on. I have come along way throughout the years but there is always room for improvement.

learning to read by Malcom x

in “Learning to Read,” an excerpt found in The Autobiography of Malcolm X, author Malcolm X attacks his illiteracy while imprisoned for battling the white man. Malcolm in his conversations with other prisoners realized he was not as articulate with the hustlers in prison as he was in the street. Bimbi, a fellow prisoner in Charlestown Prison would take over conversations because of his vast vocabulary and knowledge from reading. This knowledge was where Malcolm X drew his inspiration to be Malcolm just as intelligent. This was his initial start toward his autonomous learning. Malcolm X explains, “Bimbi made me feel envy of his stock of knowledge.” He became fascinated with the vast amount of knowledge of Bimbi. When X first arrived in prison, the highest education he had was that of an eighth grader. Therefore, Malcolm begins reading to obtain the same eloquent speech, but he comes across a dilemma. X explains how he could not comprehend every word in the sophisticated books Bimbi read. Malcolm became frustrated because he could only read the words he knew but in the end had no understanding.but he keeps on going and learns how to surpass bimbis vocabulary

personal experience

Cesar Cordero

 English E11



          One of my experiences with reading and writing was this one time in my english 12 class we had to write an 8 page essay about the way we think about today’s government.It was basically our final exam in that class, I remember how I felt very under pressure because if i didn’t hand it in time.All of the hard work that I did in that class wouldn’t pay off. We had to hand it in less than four days so I started researching things about today’s government and learned a lot of new things and current situations happening around that time that I was making my final exam . I started being very self aware of my capability to read and write because i was so intrigued in this passage I found on the internet .At first it was a bummer to me because I didn’t want to write that much but i learned that you must get yourself out of your comfort zone sometimes and do what  you have to do .This assignment made me open my eyes even more because you can learn new things just by reading a book or newspaper etc. Now in this day and age i like the concept of learning new things especially when it can help in future situations . I learned a wide spread of new vocabulary just by doing my assignments in english class and other classes. I remember when I handed it in, I was so happy and proud of myself that I completed my task.