SPE 1330: Effective Speaking

Rocio Reyes Gomez

Informative Speech Outline

The Harmful Effects of Smoking (Concept- Topical)

Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the two major harmful effects of smoking.

Central Idea: The two major effects of smoking are harmful effects on the fetus during pregnancy and can lead to second hand smoking to others.


I. According to inforesearchlab.com/smokingdeaths, smoking will kill 6.5 million people in 2015. It also states that over 443,000 Americans die because of smoking every year.

II. Today, I want to inform everyone of the two major effects of smoking.

A. Since smoking is such a commonly done thing in many places, we should all know the effects of it in order to be healthy.

III. Since I’ve seen what the effects of smoking have done to people, I know that smoking can cause harmful effects that can sometimes kill you.

IV.  The two major damaging effects of smoking are harmful effects on the fetus during pregnancy and can lead to second hand smoking to others.

Internal Preview: The first damaging effect of smoking is harmful effects on the fetus during pregnancy.


I. Harmful effects on the fetus include miscarriage, retardation, pre-term birth, fetal mortally-morbidity, post-partum infant death, lung disease, attention deficit, etc.

A. Since smoking is a health problem, it can cause cancer, and chronic diseases. It can cause harmful long, mid, and short term effects on the fetus.

II. Although there is evidence that smoking can cause these problems for the fetus it is still being done.

a. According to an article in 2009, in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Passive smoking, also known as enviornmental tabacco exposure, or second hand smoke, has been found to be as harmful as active smoking and can lead to unfavorable birth restrictions and early pregnancy loss.

b. According to a 2007 issue of Chattanooga Times Free press (Tennessee) a pregnant woman is the oxygen source for her developing fetus. The gases in the smoke replace oxygen from red blood cells. This is leaving her and the baby without a full oxygen supply. This does the baby no good.

i. Smoking anywhere in the house is considered smoke exposure to the pregnancy.

ii. Infants can also be exposed to smoking by breast feeding.

iii. Exposure to smoking also leads to a decrease in the weight, height, and head circumference of the baby.

Transition: Now that you know the harmful effects that smoking can have on the fetus, let’s look at how smoking can cause second hand smoking to others.

II. Second hand smoking could be very preventable if the person affected was not arround a smoker.

A. According to a 2011 article in the Annals of Internal Medicine, 1 in 5 United States adults reports smoking cigarettes.

I. Those 1 in 5 Americans are affecting others by causing second hand smoke.

a. According to a Pediatric Anesthesia, 2010 article, children of smoking parents had a higher chance of not having oxygen delivery to the tissue.

b. A 2011 article from Top News states that, ” Passive smoking is just as important and threatening to health as active smoking and for people under 16 they shouldnt be in enclosedx spaces with people who are smoking”.


I. In conclusion, I hope that you are now more aware of the two major effects of smoking.

II. Smoking is a major problem in the U.S. and can lead to damaging effects on the fetus during pregnancy and can also cause second hand smoking to others.


-Annals of Internal Medicine; 6/7/2011, Vol 154 Issue 11, p 719-726, 8p, 3 charts, 1 graph


-Internet Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics; 2008, Vol 9 Issue 2, p 5-5, 1p, 2 color photographs.

-Chattanooga Times Free Press( Tennessee), July 15,2007 Sunday

-Breastfeeding and smoking among low-income women: Results of a Longitudinal Qualitative Study, September2008.

-Health, Feb 2011, Vol. 28, Issue 11, By: Doukas Nancy. Wind Speaker.

-Pediatric Anesthisia; Jan2010, Vol 20, Issue 1, pg 82-89, 8p, 2 Charts, 1Graph

-The Smoking in Cars with Children Prohibition  Act 2011 Will be in action from 2012 Topnews, October 21, 2011 Friday, 347 words.