ARCH 1121 An Introduction to Architecture…Spring 2016 Mishara

There are different types of shelters I the world. Two types of shelters that are very similar but very different at the same time is the Yurt and the Igloos. Igloos are “The Domed house of snow and ice” based on “the origins of architecture in the land of ice and snow” by Dan Cruickshank. I the other hand, a yurt is a portable tent that has a structure of wood and it’s covered with wool felt and different fibers. Both shelters are made differently since both have different purposes. A yurt is made in a grassy areas and not a lot of trees. In the igloo the most common place where it’s made is in cold places like Greenland and Canada. And it’s made with ice and snow.
Igloos are one of the structures that are very important from time to time to some people like Andreas in the article of Dan Cruickshank. Andreas lives in a small area in Greenland. This is where most igloos were built for the purpose of temporary accommodation in the winter. Andreas was thought from his grandfather and father how to build an igloo. He wants to pass it to his children but his children don’t seem too interested in the making of the igloo. He might be the last one on his family to know the process of making this structure. Igloos are found in mostly in Inuit communities. Most of the igloos are built in a flat frozen sea water. This means that igloos are found mostly in a very cold climate, where there’s not only snow but ice as well. When an igloo is made its first has to start with making a basement which will catch the cold air to sink and expose the heat from the user’s body and light.
Furthermore, Yurts are the other type of shelter where they are a vernacular structure. They are usually Mongolia in central Asia. When yurts are made they have a rocky base and the structure is wood. The wood frame is supported by ropes or ribbons. They are also temporally shelters where people will inhabit. Yurts usually don’t have windows just a door to enter, although there are some opening in the bottom of the yurts so light can enter inside.
In conclusion, these two shelters ma look similar but they are very different in some aspects. Starting from what are they used for. Although both of the shelters are being used differently, they are being constructed because they gain a use from it and that is what makes both of these shelters as architecture.