Antibiotic Resistance

This topic contains 3 replies, has 4 voices, and was last updated by  Ana 1 year, 6 months ago.

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  • #47207

    Nasreen Haque
    Participant

    Q 1. What do you understand by the term “Antibiotic Resistance (AR)”?

    Q 2. There is a rise in AR worldwide. Explain.

    Q 3. What are the consequences of AR to human health?

    Q 4. How can the rise in AR be prevented?

    Q 5. How can we spread awareness about AR?

    • This topic was modified 1 year, 7 months ago by  Nasreen Haque.
    #47606

    Mohammed
    Participant

    Q 1. What do you understand by the term “Antibiotic Resistance (AR)”?
    The term “Antibiotic Resistance” means building up a tolerance for the antibiotics available in the market. The more we use antibiotics, the less effective they become.

    Q 2. There is a rise in AR worldwide. Explain.
    AR is increasing worldwide due to the constant demand for antibiotics by patients. Lack of knowledge from the patient and overprescribing by physicians leads to AR. Patients come down with viral infections (cold and flu) and immediately decide for themselves that nothing will work aside from antibiotics.
    Sharing of medications have also led to an increase in AR. Patients take antibiotics for a few days and stop once they feel symptoms going away. No finishing the course of therapy leaves behind bacterias that build up immunity. Bacteria replicate quickly and replicating into an ABX resistant bacteria is quite feasible. Not only do patients not finish their antibiotics, but they also share amongst friends and family. This is harmful rather than beneficial. Antibiotics that are prescribed for you may not necessarily work for someone else. Not only can you possibly cause harm, but resistance is also being built.

    Q 3. What are the consequences of AR to human health?
    Consequences of AR is the formation of a superbug. Superbug is a strain of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics.

    Q 4. How can the rise in AR be prevented?
    AR can be prevented by not sharing your medications with friends and family. It is also best to use natural remedies or even OTC drugs as opposed to antibiotics. If antibiotics are absolutely necessary, you must complete the course of therapy.
    Q 5. How can we spread awareness about AR?
    The physician is the main source for spreading awareness. Instead of overprescribing antibiotics to patients, they should be counseled instead on the dangers of taking so many antibiotics.

    #47735

    asheleebarreau
    Participant

    The answers that Mohammed provided to each question was well formulated and addressed the important concepts. For Q5, I agree that physicians are the main source for spreading awareness, however, I will like to add that it is also the duty of nurses to fulfill patient education.

    #48106

    Ana
    Participant

    1. Antibiotic Resistance occurs when people build up a resistance to antibiotics. This can occur when people begin taking antibiotics and stop them before the treatment is over.

    2. This rise is caused because more and more people are being prescribed antibiotics. Sometimes hey are given incorrectly, such as when a patient has a viral infection as opposed to a bacterial infection. Some people also do not fully understand the way that they are supposed to be taken and may stop the treatment as soon as they begin to feel better.

    3. Due to antibiotic resistance, bacteria can be produced that will not be able to be killed with the antibiotics we have available, since they will be immune. These are called superbugs.

    4. This can be prevented by correct patient teaching and making sure that the patient knows the importance of finishing all of the medication and not sharing it with anyone else.

    5. The health care workers can spread awareness by informing the patient on how to take the medication and making sure it is only prescribed for bacterial infection.

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