In this class we learned about 3 point lighting. The key/main light is used to highlight the form of the subject. It is the biggest source of light and is shined onto the person/subject. Using it in various ways help create different shadows on the persons face.
A fill light decreases contrast and adds more details to the dark areas of an image. It shines on the subject from a side angle. It is placed lower than the key light, near the subjects face. It illuminated shaded surfaces.
The back light is placed behind the person. Its purpose is to separate the subject from the background. It adds more depth to the photograph.