Annotated Bibliography

APA Format Available Here


Albrecht, L. (2015, September 29). Dozens of Artists Losing Gowanus Studios. Retrieved December 14, 2017, from


The article written by Leslie Albrecht informs the reader about many artists who lost their studio spaces. In 2015 Eli Hamway leased three buildings that spanned between Second Avenue and the Gowanus Canal. The purchase of those buildings impacted the artist community immensely. Many artists were told that their leases would not be renewed forcing them to search for new studio space. It also caused many artists to withdraw from Gowanus Open Studios which is an event where artists open their studio spaces for the public.  The artists that were asked to relocate fear that the artist community in Gowanus will lose the momentum they had created there.  They increased the popularity of the Gowanus with their art and their community. Unfortunately the closing of the 9th street building took with it affordable studio spaces which the artists have to now search for in another location.


Brad Lander . (2014). “Bridging Gowanus” Community Planning Framework Details Shared Values and Planning Recommendations for the         

Future of the Gowanus Canal Area. NEW YORK CITY: NEW YORK COUNCIL MEMBER .


Bridging Gowanus is hosted by city council, while City council encourage opinions from all stakeholders.  In addition to the four goals in developing the city, city council is also introducing several more projects. The highlight will be remodeling Powerhouse Arts Workshop. It is aimed to support art development in the community and encourage artist activities in the area. The project will be welcomed as a bond to enhance artists, art community and neighborhood connection. The site begins in 2017 and the building is projected be open in 2020.


Buckley, C. (2014, March 07). Rising Rents Leave New York Artists Out in the Cold. Retrieved December 14, 2017, from


The New York Times article by Cara Buckley is an article that describes various artists in New York City’s life. Each artist shares their story and explains all that has occured to them. Many have been displaced from their studio space because they could not afford it. Rising rent is an issue in New York City that this article addresses.  The eight artists in the article have a different story to tell. Each one is unique in the art they create due to their experiences. Having to move out of their studio spaces because of affordability has impacted them to change the scale of their art. Being accustomed to create large works of art is one thing some have had a hard time letting go of. A couple of artists have relocated their studio space into their homes which means that they are limited in what they can create. The article by Cara Buckley does the job of identifying each artist and their story.


Campbell, A. (n.d.). Williamsburg artists evicted in crackdown on illegal building! Retrieved December 18, 2017, from\


The article talks about the misrepresentation of artist through snake like illegal activities by real estate developers.  Artist who resided on Metropolitan and Lorimer were kicked out of there apartment by  City inspectors due to their landlord failing to keep the building codes up to date.  Throughout the article it mentions numerous attempts made by the real estate developers to renew the building code. The developer didn’t inform artist about the state of the building thus leaving them abandoned when the building was shut down.

Eisinger, D. W., & Slattery, D. (2015, October 18). Artists protest mass eviction from Gowanus building. Retrieved December 18, 2017,


This article by nytimes, they depict about 250 artist being evicted out of a building that was being used for home/work space for more than a decade. Artist along with locals from the neighborhood protested councilman Brad Lander and artist activist Abby Subak to stand their ground for the injustice being done to them and bring it in the eyes of public and media

Faq. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2017, from

This blog called Spaceworks is a nonprofit cultural community development organization dedicated to expanding the supply of long-term, affordable rehearsal and studio space for artists in New York City. They organisation mission is to help dislocated artist find a affordable place to practise their art and passion.


Graham, P. B., & Hurowitz, N. (n.d.). Bohemian face-off as activists crash Gowanus art party. Retrieved December 18, 2017, from


Activist tried to disrupt the 365 Bond street art exhibition.Nearly more than a dozen protesters flooded the area in an attempt to  protest the  beautification of the development that was taken place. The art project brought confusion to both parties as it serves a development they have all been against.


Grant, D. (2017). Update: Brooklyn’s Creative Community 3rd Ward Shutters Without Warning. [online] Observer. Available at: [Accessed 18 Dec. 2017].


This article is another example of misinformation and false promises  to artist. The new york DIY workspace was promptly shutdown without any warning.  Many artist have bought into the building space to carry out there art efforts. However, due the building owner failing to inform it’s residents of the bankruptcy many of them were met with shock.


Grearson, R., Pedro, L., Goukassian, E., Voon, C., Sutton, B., & Sette, D. (2015, October 28). “We Are Experiencing Hyper-Gentrification“:

Gowanus Art Community Sizes Up Its Future. Retrieved December 14, 2017, from

The artist community in Gowanus received  a huge hit when one of the buildings they used for studio space was bought by a developer. Many artists banned together to rally this purchase that displaced many artists. While other artists prepared to receive guests in their studios for Gowanus Open Studio. The article written by Robert Grearson describes both artists and gallery owners point of views about the situation. Robert Grearson set out to ask artists in the Gowanus what was currently occuring to their work space. By getting various points of views the reader can receive more insight on the events in Gowanus. This article sheds light on what certain members of the artist community are experiencing. It also explains some activists groups and the mission they hope to accomplish.


Hoffman, M. (2013, October 10). 3rd Ward Members Won’t Get Refunds After Abrupt Closure. Retrieved December 18, 2017, from

jf therealdeal-com. “Developers, Brokerages Look to Lure Artsy Set during Art Basel.” The Real Deal Miami, The Real Deal Miami, 6 Dec.


Kostelanetz, R. (2013). Soho: The Rise and Fall of an Artist’s Colony (1st ed.). Taylor and  Francis.


This book by Richard Kostelanetz talks not only about the art history of SoHo but also talks about the life of an artist. The living conditions of sharing your living space and working space. It talks about a few artists experiences and their work. Specifically artists  like Nam June Paik, Robert Wilson, Meredith Monk, Richard Foreman, Hannah Wilke and many others. But it also speaks about how later in the 1970s the lofts were being renovated and became home of trendy stores and restaurants. So it explains the impact on the artist community.

Posted March 1, 2016 by Meir Sivak & filed under Uncategorized., The Gowanus Canal is infamous for raw sewage, toxic glop

neighbors call black mayonnaise and, legend has it, at least one three-eyed catfish. One developer, though, hopes the Brooklyn waterway could soon have the real estate cachet of a chic canal in Paris., & 29, 2. T. (2016, March 01). Developer Hopes to Revamp Gowanus Canal Area. Retrieved December 18, 2017, from


This article share the vision by developers Lightstone development for the neighborhood of Gowanus. Throughout the article they detail the expenses that it take to establish the now highrise at 365 bond. Councilman Brad lander however called this project misguided as the previous owner Toll Brother were granted spot zoning which later on benefited the Lightstone group.  The article also details the concern of nearby residents and the safety of putting apartment near the water side.


org, MASS. “Gowanus: A Great Place to Work, But to Live?” The Municipal Art Society of New York Gowanus A Great Place to Work But to  

Live Comments,


This article is a common perspective of most articles trying to understand the changes happening in the neighborhood of Gowanus. The focus on new residential development may not be the best solution is the side taken. The focus to protect and strengthen light manufacturing job growth finds the zoning regulations to their favor.  It explains the Gowanus area’s tremendous potential to create jobs and  bring in more industries, rezoning the Gowanus, and its gentrification is the influential  development in the neighborhood and infrastructure challenges.


Organization as author, Department of City Planning, Gowanus Canal Corridor Brooklyn Office


This document is a recap of Community meetings: Analysis of land use. Open space at canal’s edge, shared goals., shaping a planning framework, planning framework: Opportunities and challenges that are incurred or implemented for city blocks adjacent to the Gowanus canal. The diagrams and charts are the recorded.


OUR EFFORTS. (n.d.). Retrieved December 18, 2017, from


This Organisation called The Artist Studio Affordability Project (ASAP) formed by group of artist in 2013 understand the struggle of an low income artist, as they have been there themself. This organisation does alot of things like find affordable place, dramatic hike in rent,  protest, bring attention to the media and general public to fight for what is right.


Pechman, A. ( 2013, June 3) A Guide to SoHo’s Legendary Artists’ Loft Retrieved from http://www.


This article by Ali Pechman informs on some of the artists that worked and lived in SoHo. It shows images of the studios before the new trendy store came in. The artist also talk about their life there and their struggle when there were moving out because the rent was too high. They also discuss the zoning of the community and how that eventually brought some problems. This article gives the artist perspective and  how they feel about SoHo now.


POWERHOUSE ENVIRONMENTAL ARTS FOUNDATION. (2017). powerhouse progress . Retrieved from powerhousearts:


This document give us a brief of what is Powerhouse Art Workshop, which tells us their missions, history, and processes. It mission is to to create a affordable and accessible space for artists and increase artist accessibility to public.


Reilly, G. G. (2015). Comments Submitted to Bridging Gowanus in writing. Brooklyn: Bridging Gowanus.


This documents is a writing comment from the director of powerhouse workshop. He mentioned two main points.First, the goal of powerhouses is the same as bridging Gowanus, which they strongly support city council. Secondly, according to the Landmark, he is worried about the facade of powerhouse.


Rodriguez, C. M. (2014). Legislation Text. New York City : The New York City Council.


The councilman is working on passing a bill: Small Business Jobs Survival Act, intended to protect both artists and landlord in Gowanus. There are more protection measure for artists in terms of renting studios for their activity. In addition, there is protection measure for landlords in how the tenants should follow certain guidelines in order to lease the studios. This act is also supported by American Arbitration Association. And it will be ease the leasing concern for artist in Gowanus area.


Savitch-Lew, Abigail. “City Releases Documents Detailing Consensus, Disagreements on Gowanus Rezoning Study.” City Limits,

18 Oct. 2017, Online article;



This online article is written by Abigail Savitch, focusing on 10 zoning issues that brought changes to the Gowanus. It has many inks to government documents such as DCP’s conception of the recommendations of stakeholders in Gowanus participated in five different working group:: housing, arts and culture, the public realm, sustainability and resiliency, and industry and economic development. The Department of City Planning (DCP) has consolidated the ideas expressed at a total of 25 working group meetings into a list of recommendations.


Shkuda, A. (2016). The Lofts of SoHo: Gentrification, Art and Industry in New York, 1950-1980 ( Historical Studies of Urban America  

Series). Chicago, IL : University of Chicago Press.


This book written by Aaron Shkuda specifies the historical history of SoHo back in the 50s all the way to 1980s. It mainly focuses on the  process of Gentrification in SoHo. First on how SoHo was discovered by the artists and why they chose SoHo versus another community. It explains  the making of the artists lofts, the artists organizations, political advocacy, Real Estate changes in SoHo, and the Tenant Conflict. It is a boom that informs the change of the Lofts usage in SoHo and how it affected the artists.


NEW DEVELOPMENT: Tadao Ando’s first residential building in NYC; d’Orsay tops out. (2017, February 17). Retrieved December 18, 2017,



Lightstone announced the completion of their  new building on 365 Bond, situated  along the Gowanus Canal. The new development is a 430 unit residential building with 40,000sq ft of amenity space and up to 30,000 sq ft of green space.




From this article, there is a new program offering to the artist and support artist in Boston.It is created the museum and mayor’s office. The program will provide certain amount of grants for artists. It will also provide a space for artist to live and work when artists meet the requirements.


Weill, K. (2015, December 14). Artists struggle to survive the Gowanus boom. Retrieved December 18, 2017, from


This article depicts about the increase in artist struggle day by day. In this article we learn about the increase price of brooklyn land $639 per sq foot, which makes it one of the most expensive neighborhood in brooklyn . During the gowanus open studio where some artist were exhibiting their while the rest of them were forced to pack their stuff and leave place the place they once called home.  The sad thing is that  the landlord are within their rights to do. That leave artist no choice to leave their space and look somewhere else again.