Teaching Strategy Tip #40

Designing Tests

Key concepts to designing tests (Reed, 2002) include. Good test questions:

  • Address course objectives, material taught in class, and important skills and concepts
  • Provide complete, consistent, and unambiguous instructions
  • Present only one correct answer when only is called for
  • Are easy for all students to understand
  • Do not emphasize the trivial and do not ‘trick’ the students
  • Have the correct answers randomly arranged throughout the test for multiple-choice tests
  • Don’t provide signals or cues to eliminate incorrect answers
  • Highlight a negative word, such as not, to avoid confusion
  • Give students the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned, not memorized; and
  • Are used to review and reinforce learning (Reed, 2002, p. 31).

Source: http://fc.short.cm/DesigningTests

Teaching Strategy Tip #23

Anticipate the next session’s topic

Strategy: At the end of a class session early in the semester, the instructor informs the students that they will be asked to write, at the beginning of the next session, responses to questions regarding understanding and agreement.

Process: At the beginning of a class session, students are asked to write two entries on index cards or sheets of paper:

  • Question 1: Something they did not understand in the reading
  • Question 2: Something they disagreed with in the reading

Source: http://fc.short.cm/AnticipateTheNextSessionsTopic

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