Questions We Can Ask…Observations We Can Make…

What is a good question?

On the Hobbit: Crazy questions are sometimes good. You don’t know what you don’t know. All research can start as a shot in the dark. Keep your curiosity with you at all times. Send out a crazy questions sometimes because it acts like a “ping” in the dark, giving you a sonar-like view of what it is you don’t know.

Your Topic:

Describe briefly what you knew about it. Tell it to someone else. Are they more likely to know more than they did before? Have the other person tell you what they did and didn’t know. Keep trying to tell them something new until they get bored. Ask them what made them lose interest. Was what you told them irrelevant to them? Can you make it relevant?

Tell us something you learned that you didn’t know about your topic before you started researching it.

Now, go do more research, and tell yourself something you did not know about your topic.

What feels relevant to you, to others, to right now. What will you do with this information?

Facts (Primary Sources) All Checked

Chris: Blue; 2 siblings – both are older brothers; Captain America: Civil Wars; socially independent;

Mohammed: likes to eat chicken; Harry Potter books;



Wensley: from Haiti; likes to watch T.V., mostly b&w movies; likes to go sleep around 1 or 1AM; has a sister and a brother; reads comic books

Nel: family is from the D.R., but he is born in the U.S., specifically, NYC; likes classical music and he plays violin and guitar; he says of himself, “I am wise, persistent…”; he has one younger brother.



Primary Source – an interview

Secondary Source – words about a source



Firuz: came from Uzbekistan; wants to become a programmer; plays video games; has two brothers; he speaks four languages – Uzbek/Turkish, Russian, English, and Persian; he has never see the Hobbit films; he prefers dogs over cats.

Kristy: comes from the Caribbean, wants to be a researcher; CityTech is conveniently located to her home; has one sister and one brother; likes to play video games; prefers dogs to cats; Captain America: Civil Wars.



Juan Batista: One brother and two sisters; majoring in computer science; wants to have three Mustangs one day; from the D.R. (born there); he likes to sleep; loves playing pool; zero Hobbits; he looks different from other people (or so he thinks) because he is sensitive about his nose; had a dog in the D.R. and he hates cats; likes baseball (favorite sport); his whole family was born in the D.R.; he is 17 years old; favorite color is burgundy; his favorite book is The Fault On Our Stars, however, he stopped reading it because it was over summer and he wanted to enjoy his vacation.



Michael: born in the U.S. on Dec. 30, 1997 (he is 19 years old); favorite color is black; he wants to be recognized; he had a brother, who passed away; he had two dogs which were pugs; his ethnicity is Hispanic; his favorite book by far is The Great Gatsby; his mother is Ecuadorian and his father is from Puerto Rico; what makes him different is the way he looks; he hasn’t seen the Hobbit films; his favorite sport is football, which he may have played; he likes to work out and sleep; came to CityTech to learn about computers and what makes him unique is that he’s determined.


Younus: from Bangladesh; aspires to be a computer systems expert, a graphics designer, and or a soccer player; he likes to play soccer and draw; has two brothers, one older and one younger; he is unique in that he practices Islam and is patient; he came to CityTech after being accepted to three colleges (Queens and BMCC included) because of his major; her prefers cats over dogs; likes the T.V. show The Flash.

Ammar: from Bosnia; came here in 1999; wants to be a filmmaker and graphic designer; hobbies are soccer, filmmaking and drawing; he has patience, determination; has two sisters (he is the eldest); likes dogs over cats; favorite movie is Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back; his major is Comm D.; favorite Hobbit: Frodo.


Welcome To Research Paper Land….

As you may recall, class, the last part of the semester is spent on forging and writing a Research Paper. It will be your largest assignment of the semester.

We looked at the Purdue OWL Website in class. I will copy below some of the advice on their website (one link is here, and more given below) to get you in the mood. Your paper’s length will be app. 1,500 to 2,000 words, and it will follow MLA format:

The research paper

There will come a time in most students’ careers when they are assigned a research paper. Such an assignment often creates a great deal of unneeded anxiety in the student, which may result in procrastination and a feeling of confusion and inadequacy. This anxiety frequently stems from the fact that many students are unfamiliar and inexperienced with this genre of writing. Never fear—inexperience and unfamiliarity are situations you can change through practice! Writing a research paper is an essential aspect of academics and should not be avoided on account of one’s anxiety. In fact, the process of writing a research paper can be one of the more rewarding experiences one may encounter in academics. What is more, many students will continue to do research throughout their careers, which is one of the reasons this topic is so important.

Becoming an experienced researcher and writer in any field or discipline takes a great deal of practice. There are few individuals for whom this process comes naturally. Remember, even the most seasoned academic veterans have had to learn how to write a research paper at some point in their career. Therefore, with diligence, organization, practice, a willingness to learn (and to make mistakes!), and, perhaps most important of all, patience, a student will find that she can achieve great things through her research and writing.

This handout will include the following sections related to the process of writing a research paper:

  • Genre– This section will provide an overview for understanding the difference between an analytical and argumentative research paper.
  • Choosing a Topic– This section will guide the student through the process of choosing topics, whether the topic be one that is assigned or one that the student chooses himself.
  • Identifying an Audience– This section will help the student understand the often times confusing topic of audience by offering some basic guidelines for the process.
  • Where Do I Begin– This section concludes the handout by offering several links to resources at Purdue, and also provides an overview of the final stages of writing a research paper.

The above is directly taken from Purdue OWL. Are you interested? Do you want to read more? (links are included below, at the end of the post.-ss)


The first step of any research paper is for the student to understand the assignment. If this is not done, the student will often travel down many dead-end roads, wasting a great deal of time along the way. Do not hesitate to approach the instructor with questions if there is any confusion. A clear understanding of the assignment will allow you to focus on other aspects of the process, such as choosing a topic and identifying your audience.


A student will often encounter one of two situations when it comes to choosing a topic for a research paper. The first situation occurs when the instructor provides a list of topics from which the student may choose. These topics have been deemed worthy by the instructor; therefore, the student should be confident in the topic he chooses from the list. Many first-time researchers appreciate such an arrangement by the instructor because it eliminates the stress of having to decide upon a topic on their own.

However, the student may also find the topics that have been provided to be limiting; moreover, it is not uncommon for the student to have a topic in mind that does not fit with any of those provided. If this is the case, it is always beneficial to approach the instructor with one’s ideas. Be respectful, and ask the instructor if the topic you have in mind would be a possible research option for the assignment. Remember, as a first-time researcher, your knowledge of the process is quite limited; the instructor is experienced, and may have very precise reasons for choosing the topics she has offered to the class. Trust that she has the best interests of the class in mind. If she likes the topic, great! If not, do not take it personally and choose the topic from the list that seems most interesting to you.

The second situation occurs when the instructor simply hands out an assignment sheet that covers the logistics of the research paper, but leaves the choice of topic up to the student. Typically, assignments in which students are given the opportunity to choose the topic require the topic to be relevant to some aspect of the course; so, keep this in mind as you begin a course in which you know there will be a research paper near the end. That way, you can be on the lookout for a topic that may interest you. Do not be anxious on account of a perceived lack of authority or knowledge about the topic chosen. Instead, realize that it takes practice to become an experienced researcher in any field. 

For a discussion of Evaluating Sources, see Evaluating Sources of Information.

Methods for choosing a topic

Thinking early leads to starting early. If the student begins thinking about possible topics when the assignment is given, she has already begun the arduous, yet rewarding, task of planning and organization. Once she has made the assignment a priority in her mind, she may begin to have ideas throughout the day. Brainstorming is often a successful way for students to get some of these ideas down on paper. Seeing one’s ideas in writing is often an impetus for the writing process. Though brainstorming is particularly effective when a topic has been chosen, it can also benefit the student who is unable to narrow a topic. It consists of a timed writing session during which the student jots down—often in list or bulleted form—any ideas that come to his mind. At the end of the timed period, the student will peruse his list for patterns of consistency. If it appears that something seems to be standing out in his mind more than others, it may be wise to pursue this as a topic possibility.

It is important for the student to keep in mind that an initial topic that you come up with may not be the exact topic about which you end up writing. Research topics are often fluid, and dictated more by the student’s ongoing research than by the original chosen topic. Such fluidity is common in research, and should be embraced as one of its many characteristics.

The Purdue OWL also offers a number of other resources on choosing and developing a topic:

Here you go (LINKS):

On Getting Started:

On MLA Style:


Please answer the following;                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      where you came from;                                        your aspirations;                                                             hobbies, habits, ethics;            what made you come to CITY TECH;                    NAME, SIBLINGS;                                     WHAT makes you unique; how do you feel different from other people?                NAME your favorite HOBBIT.