Reading: John Medina’s Brain Rules, Gender

During the first ten minutes of class, write a summary of your reading from the Gender chapter of John Medina’s Brain Rules. Also, write about how what Medina tells us corresponds with Gottschall and your own experiences. However, you have to beware of stereotypes or lore that figure into your thinking.

11 thoughts on “Reading: John Medina’s Brain Rules, Gender

  1. Bishwash

    Throughout our society men and women have faced their own separate challenges for their representation, women having a tougher fight. Difference between male and female brain starts with genes. Four million sperm fall all over themselves to find one egg during intercourse. Creating a human takes 46 chromosomes, 23 come from mom and 23 come from dad. Two are sex chromosomes, either X or Y. At least one of our sex chromosomes have to be X or we will die. If you get two X chromosomes you go into the ladies locker room all your life; an X and Y puts you forever into men’s. One of the most interesting fact about Y chromosomes is that you don’t need most of it to make a male. David C. page the world’s first sex therapist discovered that you can destroy the SRY gene in a male embryo and get a female or add SRY to a female embryo and turn her into a male. The X chromosomes that male have one of and female have two of though one acts as a backup is a cognitive hot spot carrying an unusually large percentage of genes involved in brain manufacture. The x chromosomes carries 1500 genes while the Y is down to less than 100 genes. With only a single X chromosomes male need every one of those 1500 genes. With two X chromosomes females have double the necessary amount. The female embryo uses what may be the most time-honored weapon in the battle of sexes: she simply ignores one of them this is called X inactivation. Women are genetically more complex because the active X chromosomes in their cell are mix of Mom’s and Dad’s. Talking about the structure the frontal and prefrontal cortex control much of our decision making ability. A part of this cortex is fatter in women than in men. The limbic system, home to the amygdala, control not only the generation of emotions but also the ability to remember them. Running counter to current social prejudice this region is much larger in men than it is in women. Males also have synthesize serotonin(key in regulating emotion and mood) about 52 percent faster than females. Mental retardation is more common in males than in female. Many of these pathologies are caused by mutations in any one of 24 genes in the X chromosome. Since males have no backup X. If their X gets damaged they have to live with consequences. If a female’s X gets damaged she can often ignore the consequences. Men and women respond differently to acute stress: Women activate the left hemisphere’s amygdala and remember the emotional details. Men activate the right hemisphere’s amygdala and get the gist. Women tend to use both hemisphere when speaking and processing verbal information. Men primarily use one. Also girls seems verbally more sophisticated than little boys as they go through the school system. They are better at verbal memory task. When girl best friends communicate with each other, they learn in maintain eye contact, and do a lot of talking. They use their sophisticated verbal talents to cement their relationships. Boys never do this. They rarely face each other directly, preferring either parallel or oblique angels. Verbal communication is so important that the type of talk determines the status of the relationship. Best friends are the ones we reveal our secrets to, the more secrets revealed the more likely the girls are to identify each other. Girl’s tend not to give top-down imperial orders. If one of the girls tries issuing commands the style is usually rejected. The difference between girls and boys communication could be described as the addition of a single powerful word. Boys might say “Do this.” Girls would say “Let’s do this.” There is also difference in social sensitivity plan out in the workplace as easily as in marriage. At work, women who exert “male” leadership styles are in danger of being perceived as bossy and aggressive. Men who do the same thing are often praised as decisive and assertive.

  2. Alexys.Harden

    In John Medina’s Brain Rules, chapter 11 Gender, a Female versus Male logic battle unfolds. Medina discusses the differences in which the female and male brains work. Typically, we tend to assume that women with strong minds are “bitches”, but men with the same characteristics are “hot”. It’s controversial, but the problem might be within our brain structures. Medina states that we have differences in the way we naturally act. Beyond common belief, men are built to be more emotional that women. Men have a higher processing rate of Serotonin than women. Serotonin is needed to cause emotion and change mood. Medina also pointed out mental disorders. Today in general more men have mental disorders than women. The problem may be that men only have one X chromosome that has to stay perfect in order to function properly. For women, if the X chromosome is ruined, it wouldn’t change that outcome because women do not thrive off of the X chromosome as men do. In this chapter I learned a lot about the differences between the sexes and that our differences in thinking and applying ourselves come from our genetic build.

  3. miguelsantos7

    After reading John Medina “Brain Rules” chapter 11 “Gender”, I learned important things that I didn’t know about female and male. The differences between men’s and women’s brains are identified as genetic, neuroanatomical, and behavioral. Also, when speaking and processing verbal information, women use both hemispheres while men only use one hemisphere. Besides that, I didn’t know that boys and girls are treated differently socially the moment they are born. Moreover, people often confused sex and gender which actually oversimplify how men and women relate to each other differently. In other words, sex is set into the concrete of DNA and gender is based on social expectations. According Medina, “The point is, gender biases hurt real people in real world situations.” In other words, Medina said that some stereotypes affect the relationship between both sex. For example, during a workplace where women and men work together doing the same thing, women often get a lower salary. In addition, the battle of the sexes has existed for a very long time. However, in the 1920’s women’s roles were soon starting to change legally and socially. As one can see, gender differ and relate from male and female.

  4. O.Leitch-Edinboro

    In John Medina’s Brain Rules, Gender chapter, Median speaks about the different between men’s and women’s brains, their genes, and the impact they have on their behavior. According to Median, “There is a great deal of confusion regarding the way men and women relate to each other, and that they relate to each other differently.” Now, the ultimate reason for the differences in both sexes has to do with the X and Y chromosomes, and brain structure. In fact, there is evidence that sex chromosomes are involved in brain function and therefore, brain behavior, Median states. However, males have X and Y chromosomes and women have X chromosome. Also, the X chromosome carries about 1,500 genes that govern how we think. Furthermore, males require all 1,500 X chromosome to survive. In addition, Median explains that the X chromosome genes were found to create proteins involved in brain manufacture. Moreover, he argues that, some of the genes may be in establishing higher cognitive functions, from verbal skills and social behavior to certain types of intelligence.

    Nevertheless, as much as X inactivation does not occur in males, and they get it from their mothers, thus, they should give women the respect they deserved. Without mother or women, we would not have been here, yet women are being fight down in schools, in the workforce, and at home. For example, when I was younger, I had a cousin who always competed with me in everything that I did, and he would always criticizes my work too. However, I never gave up, because I knew that he envied my work. On the other hand, some of my fellow male classmates from my design classes would criticize my work, whenever our professor gives us projects to do, and the professor congratulates me on the good that I have done, etc.

    Clearly, I believe that most men are afraid that women might dominate them in everything that they do. Also, I believe that most men react to women in the manner they do, because of part of a scripture in the Bible, which states that “Man as Head As Households.”

  5. Kel Em

    In John Medina’s Brain Rules: Gender, Medina talks about the differences between females and males, and how our brains work. Medina states that we naturally act the way do since it is hardwired already. In our society us men are supposed to be tough, don’t show any emotion at all and women are supposed to be opposite of that. Genetically men and women are built different XY chromosomes are involved in our making and how our gender is chosen inside the womb. Men tend to rely more on the X chromosomes then women do, and statistics show that men have more disorders then women. Women in particular are not treated well in some communities, some believe in women’s rights and other do not. One community in general is the gaming community. God, the things i hear online when playing once there is a female in the lobby is just ridiculous, too ridiculous to even write down. Everyone should be treated equally no matter what gender.

  6. Bryan jimenez

    Genes by john medina
    One of the most eye catching points that Medina mention was how girls become girls and boys become boys. To create a human we need 46 chromosomes which half comes from the mom and the other half from the dad, that baby now needs at least one X chromosome to survive, if one gets two X chromosome they’ll be a girl and if one gets a X and Y chromosome they’ll be a boy. That’s just stuff I wouldn’t be able to know without reading this book. Something else Medina mentioned and that I see a lot within myself and girls around me is that girls tend to use hemisphere when speaking and processing verbal information. Another difference between boys and girls is that when girls talk to girls they look at each other’s eyes, instead when boys are talking to boys they never look at each other eyes, this is a very true fact. I myself have tried to look at my friends in the eyes while we talk but it’s just not the right thing to do, it feels really uncomfortable.

  7. Justin2996

    Justin Echevarria

    While reading the chapter “Gender” by John Medina he was giving facts about the human gender. He explained that females have an XX chromosome and males have an XY chromosome. I have learned recently gender isn’t physical features it is the role you play in society. Meaning the proper terminology should be sex, the female sex have an XX chromosome and male XY. The gender role is based on how portrait yourself, this is often very misunderstood by most people, but I have been taking Elements of Sociology 101 which gets into further detail. Getting back into John Medina’s chapter he explained females are less likely to have mental illnesses because if they are lacking something from the X chromosome they have an extra to replace it. As for males they are at higher risk because they cannot over come this due to the Y gene. The XX chromosome allows females to build more estrogen hormones than men which completely change man and woman physical features. This chapter was most significant because I am fascinated with the scientific world and I enjoy learning about the human body and what it consist of.

  8. Lorena Batista

    After reading John Medina’s eleventh chapter “Gender” from Brain Rules, I understood the differences between male and female’s brains. First of all, he explains us the difference between “gender” and “sex”. According to Medina, sex will generally refer to biology and anatomy. Gender will refer mostly to social expectations. Men’s and women’s brain differences start with how they got that way in first place and eventually get to know their differences. Everything is about chromosomes. Every person has 46 of them, 23 come from mom, and 23 from dad. Two are sex chromosomes, which consequently will determine a person’s sex. If you get two X chromosomes, you are going to be a girl and if you get an X and Y your are going to be a boy. These chromosomes have many functions; some of them involve brain function. “Gender differences can be divided into three areas: genetic, neuroanatomical, and behavioral.” Behavioral differences between males and females began with brain pathologies. Mental retardation is more common in males than in females in the general population. According to Medina, males are more severely afflicted by schizophrenia than females. By more than 2 to 1, women are more likely to get depressed than men, a figure that shows up just after puberty and remains stable for the next 50 years. Males exhibit more antisocial behavior. Females have more anxiety. Most alcoholics and drug addicts are male. Most anorexics are female. Moreover, I learned that when girls communicate to each other, they lean in, maintain eye contact, and do a lot of talking. However, boys are different; they make little eye contact or none. According to the behaviorist Deborah Tannen, Medina conclude “Boys always compete, and girls always cooperate.” Furthermore, our dear Medina explains us that men and women respond differently to acute stress: Women activate the left hemisphere’s amygdala and remember the emotional details. Men use the right amygdala and get the gist. Even though I was aware of many differences between women and men, Medina made it clearer for me. Now I am able to “biologically” understand why and how the two genders get to be different. I appreciate so much all the knowledge that this chapter gave me about male and female’s brains.

  9. Zahirah95

    In this chapter I defiantly felt like I was in my High School Living Environment class all over again. I was also that kid that didn’t really like science but I found this particular topic appealing. John Medina however made me think about this chapter a little differently. To create a human we need 46 chromosomes which half comes from the mom and the other half from the dad, that baby now needs at least one X chromosome to survive, if one gets two X chromosome they’ll be a girl and if one gets a X and Y chromosome they’ll be a boy. Even after that he was able to explain The differences in there brain through the gender and sex. I personally think that men feel that woman will one day dominate in some aspect where men where only recognized.

  10. Victor Ambuludi

    Brain Rules
    By John Medina
    In this chapter, Medina reiterates about an important concept that is gender and how this differs from sex. Also, Medina explains in detail the science behind genes and how this can defined a person’s sex. In addition, the difference in the brain structure, and the way that both sex communicates. First, Medina expounds about the difference between sex and gender which basically sex refers to the DNA or the biological aspect, on the other hand, gender can be defined as social expectation. After that Medina emphasizes the structure of the x and y chromosomes. These chromosomes are presented in both male and female in the same quantity which are 46 chromosomes that are equally divided in 23 that come from the female and 23 from the male. Moreover, Medina explains that without the x chromosome a person cannot live. In addition, Medina points out the difference between a female and a male brain structure, and they contrast in cortex, amygdala, and biochemical that the brain produces. According to Medina, the cortex and prefrontal cortex that are in charge to make decisions, and it is more developing in woman. On the contrary, the amygdala that generates emotions is more develop in men than women, and at the same time, in the biochemical that the brain produces specially the serotonin, the men produces 52 percent more than women. Also, Medina explains the distinction in verbal communication, and it shows that women dominates in this area because they use both hemisphere of the brain when they communicate, in contrast, the men just use one hemisphere. Overall, Medina explicates about the difference between genders in many aspects such the brain structure, verbal communication, and the DNA composition within those members.

  11. tatinyc

    At the beginning of the chapter the author pointed, that there is a gender biases and they do hurt real people in real world situations. It is a very blurry line between the concepts of “sex” and “gender”. Sex is more biological and anatomical, rather than gender mostly refers to social expectations.
    The huge part of the chapter is describing sex, DNA, forming and developing (anatomy wise). Medina is using lots of terminology and describing biological processes.
    Over the Years there are tons of characterizing gender-specific behaviors. Women in particular are not treated well in some communities, some believe in women’s rights and other do not.

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