Field trip from Thursday made us discus major differences between plaza, park and square. While visiting many locations such as Bowling Green, Zuccotti park, Gramercy Park, Times Square, Harold Park etc. we analyzed what defines a space and how we can classify it. Primarily spaces get defined by their geometry, hierarchy of the buildings, interaction of the buildings, texture (such as pavement) etc.
Major conclusion is to understand what is the definition for each one (plaza, park, square) and to be able to use it in the next project.
Park: Public space which perimeter is well defined by fences, with seating area, trees, grass and pavement texture which is clearly different from plaza.
Plaza: open space for gathering, more flexible in movement and circulation, open even at night time.
Square: is a combination of both, park and plaza.
Walking from Bowling Green to Bryant Park has taught me the differences between parks, plazas, and squares. Parks are surrounded with trees and grass, with individual walkways, whereas plazas have more open space to walk. Plaza spaces are more uniform with no border to close off the area. A square has both park and plaza features. Each space has a different texture and feeling. Materials used in each space represented the type of public space it was. The spaces could also be determined by the amount of walkway given to pedestrians. I also observed that we can tell the difference between a park, plaza and square by the type of activity being done in the area.
As we were strolling through the parks, plazas, and Squares, one as a designer is able to recognize the differences between these three public spaces. I noticed that the materials used on the ground surfaces of these spaces gave a feeling about what the space was meant to be for. A plaza usually had tile or more smoother materials, park used grass or pebbled ground, and square had a little of both. Also, it is comforting that the streets are being narrowed down, making more of a pedestrian like setting instead of a vehicular one.
New York City have different places that pedestrians can enjoy. The bowling green is a square surrounded by big buildings which make the place like a close open place. Also, there are other places by the city where there are parks and plaza with more open spaces which are not enclosed like bowling green. Every place has its function to the community.
The use of different materials in bowling green make people feel like they are moving from one place to another even though they are in the same square. While, the use of the same material make people feel like they are in the same place
Urban Design is the study of the micro-scale and macro-scale of a site, city, or place. Urban Design focuses on what could possibly impact a site but also, what smart choices could a designer make it a more desirable place to live in.
For me, Urban Design is the meshing of communities in a effective and efficient manner. A city is filled with tight corners and limited spaces and to be able to design effectively is a difficult thing to achieve.
From my perspective I think urban design is the planning and development of structures/ spaces within an urban condensed area. It involves the studying the area understanding the characteristics of the people how they get around and interact within the area. While also identifying any problems that may exist in the site and solving these issues through what we decide to design, construct, or maybe even demolish.
It is the design of a certain area with different characteristics. The buildings have different heights and uses. Sometimes the height depends in the use. Everything is organized.
The development and shaping of cities, & towns. The establishment of houses, buildings and landscape. Process of the design and form of buildings.
I think Urban Design is the development of a building and its surroundings. It focuses on the landscape of the area and how the building fits within the surrounding. It may also focus on how we can save space and materials in the area.