We walked through Plazas, Parks and Squares, a designer has to know the difference between them and when to use Plaza, Parks and Squares depends on different situations. I found a choice can inflence the feeling of a place. The tricky part is to figure out what’s the best one to be designed in an area. They have difference usages, materials used, and principles.
I think a park should have fence, trees and seats, it is a kind of quiet area and makes people feel relax and quiet. Sometimes it has other usages like blocking the noise from streets, makes air cleaner and so on. However, a plaza can be a good place for people to hangout and play together, sometimes plazas merge to the surroundings, a plaza is often opened, chairs can be moved, and more flexible.
A square can have both characters from parks and plazas. I think to design a square, designers have to think about feelings, spaces, views, landuse, and so on.
“Urban planning” is the study of the future development of cities and urban rational layout, and the deployment of comprehensive arrangement of all urban construction. It shows the blueprint for the urban development in certain period of time. As an important part of urban management, it is the basis of urban construction and management, and the premise of the three stages of management: urban planning, urban construction, urban operation.
Urban complex system determines the urban planning is a long-term adjustment along with the urban development and operation situation and constantly revised. Today, America Urban planning development already includes four aspects: the content of the city’s economic development plan, and social development planning, construction planning and the design of the urban policy and research. The United States government at all levels, from the federal government, state to the town, there are urban planning institutions: the federal government has “the department of housing and urban development ; Parliament has the city planning commission; The administrative department of planning bureau, the planning office. Urban planning in the United States has experienced several stages of development, gradually formed a complete set of research and working methods.
I think Urban Design must be think about following principals,
1, Think about land use. Analysis of Urban Development and the entire design. Rational use of land .
2, think about surrounding buildings and even neighboor towns. Attract more people from the town next to the site, and make it vibrant and works.
3, traffic! traffic is the most important thing to think about. No traffic no future.
4, Promoting economic and social development, think about the future.
5, think about environmental and save land.