Developing Rubrics

This article is collecting articles and online resources about Rubrics. In the distance learning environment, having a fair and effective rubric is becoming more important to evaluate open-ended assignments.

1.What is Rubrics

A description guideline that helps students and instructors grade the qualities of learning outcomes of students for the open-ended assignment.

2.Types of Rubrics





Level 1                 Level 2                 Level 3                 Level 4

Performance attribute 1

Performance attribute 2

Performance attribute 3


4. Writing rubrics

a) set the scale

three levels, four levels, five levels, or seven levels


b) define the rating

4 = advanced; 3) proficient; 2) basic; 1) beginning

When developing rating, I am encouraging do not use negative terms such as novice, below expectations. I met some students who was upset about my grading based on my rubrics, though they got a relatively good grade. Because they believed that their performances were not good as the rating label contains negative terms.

c) identify basic descriptions

4 – advanced ability to …

3- proficient ability to

2- developing ability to

1-starting ability to

d) Describe performance description for each number on the scale




  • Resources
  1. Developing effective rubrics for PBL learning.


2. Developing rubrics for assessment from University of New England


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