NEW DEAL LEGAL SOURCE ENTRY!

Part 1:

The New Deal was the plan introduced by President Roosevelt during the great depression.  New Deal projects and programs, such as the CCC, the WPA, the TVA, the SEC, and other new deals was introduced by FDR, and how these programs helped America to build up its economic system back to where it was. It put people back to work, saved capitalism, restored faith in the American economic system, and at the same time, it built a sense of hope in the American people. President Roosevelt introduced many programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), the Civil Works Administration (CWA), the Farm Security Administration (FSA), the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 (NIRA), and the Social Security Administration (SSA). Which help America’s economy better

DECONSTRUCTING RACISM IN AMERICAN SOCIETY–THE ROLE LABOR LAW MIGHT HAVE PLAYED (BUT DID NOT) IN ENDING RACE DISCRIMINATION: A PARTIAL EXPLANATION AND HISTORICAL COMMENTARY. (2002 The Regents of the University of California; Steven H. Kropp).

EMPLOYEE FREE CHOICE OR EMPLOYEE FORGED CHOICE? RACE IN THE MIRROR OF EXCLUSIONARY HIERARCHY. (2010 University of Michigan Law School; Harry G. Hutchison).

Part 2:

Today my legal research is about racial discrimination in labor law and how mostly African Americans and minorities got affected by this. This racial discrimination is going on for so long. Common people were actual victims of that situation. During this new deal program, taxes got so high to be paid. FDR put taxes on every little thing that didn’t matter was it a cigarette, beers, or even candy. They all taxes were paying mostly by middle-class people and the poor. Taxes were exceeding their limits and were getting high day by day and people were losing their savings because it was all going to the taxes. New Deal taxes were the major reason for unemployment because whatever people earned, it all went to taxes and if someone had a business that meant, they’d got to pay high taxes and remained with less money for growth and jobs. So that was one of the reasons, they didn’t really hire any for more jobs. According to these sources, the reason for unemployment was that  FDR increased the price of money which led to more unemployment and human suffering. At the time, white industrialization was on the top, and how they decided to get rid of people including African Americans, women, and “defective” people. The second reason was unionization that how this should be helpful for every community but it went really bad. Under the Federal law at that time, every employer of the unions regardless of any race would have equal rights through selective bargaining. Because it gives every employee the basic rights but they still prioritized white over black. As per these sources, they give them “separate but equal rights”. Which simply meant that white didn’t accept African Americans working with them.

Part 3:

It’s true that these programs indeed helped its country. However, as I said that something went bad with this deal. And those got discussed in this article by Jim Powell. Yes, poor people were the actual target of this program. Because they had to paid taxes. At first, obviously, it was good but it got affected after seen that a lot of people had lost their jobs, high taxes, and unionization.  President Roosevelt and his cabinet never really had a master plan but a lot of programs and laws that just imposed on the public which later created big problems. During this period of time. mostly white people were working in steel mills, plants, and other Industrial workshops and didn’t allow other races to entered and work with them which caused a big problem for the country in the way of unemployment. They just work with people like them and helped people like them. The middle-class public couldn’t really be saved for themselves because whatever they’d earned, had to go in taxes. That’s why most corporations got scared to hire people because of high wages and less production. National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)  made people paid more taxes than their actual product made and  Agricultural Adjustment Act( AAA)  forced Americans to pay more for food, In other words, pay tax. I agree with these sources that how congress enacted the fair and equal rights during the new dal program called labor act but legislation tried hard to go against it. It’s really disheartening how minorities got hurt by this and this labor movement intentionally brought racism through it. This act actually brutally led to racism in America till now and shows the real face of unionization back then that how they used and basically disrespected other racial groups for their self-advancement. NIRA was the one act that really differentiates in wages of blacks and white workers for example, if blacks did more work than whites. Blacks still certified as lower wages workers and whites would have higher wages than them. That’s how unfair it was at that time. African Americans who were sharecroppers, didn’t own property and got no compensation from its state government. In these New Deal programs, $1.6 billion to $5.3 billion federal taxes were paid between 1933 and 1940. The government mostly cared about the west and east side of its country but they didn’t really care about the south where they (democrats) won. Social Security Act put taxes on payrolls made it more expensive for employers to hire people, which discouraged hiring.

Part 4:

“This disheartening picture comes into sharper focus when considering members of minority groups. The American labor movement is inescapably linked to intentional racist oppression.”

“democratic governments tend to give the greatest benefits to those who are the best organized and have the most influence categories that include a few Blacks. Such results are consistent with the thesis that labor unions benefit the few and subjugate the many by protecting “superior” races from the competition with “inferior” ones”.

“collective bargaining would substantially reduce and appropriately channel the economic strife inherent in contemporary employment relationships in an industrialized capitalist society. Collective bargaining was required because inequality of bargaining power existed between the individual worker and his corporate employer, making individualized bargaining one-sided”.

 

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