Szarkowski used the terms “Mirrors” and “Windows” to describe the two different ways of perception towards a photo. A photo can be seen as a “Mirror” if it conveys the photographer’s intention and idea through which the viewers get the notion of what the photographer wants to say. In the other hand, the term ” Window” is used when a photo is more about providing a reality of the outside world that one can take in.
Apply those conceptions to the two photos by Crewdson and Winogrand, we will be able to conclude that Albuquerque is an example of a “Window” while Daughter is a “Mirror”. Taken randomly with no setting, Winogrand’s photo renders a real picture, or a reality in which the viewers will have different feelings towards. One can say the image of the two children playing in a seemingly remote land evokes the loneliness while another one might look at it as an ideal picture of the American Dream. On the other hand, Daughter of Crewdson tells a different story with character portrays, location and lighting that bring up specific feelings of drama and shame.