ACCURACY and PRECISION
Accuracy refers to how closely a measured value agrees with the correct or target value.
Precision refers to how closely individual measurements agree with each other and reflects a repeatability in those measurements.
Instruments have a finite amount of accuracy and it is important to report measurements within that level of accuracy. Significant figures, report the number of digits that are known to some degree of confidence with the measuring device. With increased sensitivity of the equipment , the number of significant figures increases.
Tags: quantitative reasoning