Research Project + Presentations

Self Esteem Project Abstract

Self esteem is something that everyone struggles with at least once in their life. It does not matter where you are from, who you are ,how big or small you are, or what you stand for (your beliefs). In particular self esteem in the early adolescence period can affect many things including the following. Families, schools and the lifestyle of an individual which play a key role .The stability of handling your personal skills, the ability to interact with peers and the ability to boost self-efficacy. Self esteem can simply affect your perspective on life, it also tends to be the lowest in childhood as it can gradually increase during the adolescence period as well as adulthood. With this being said, self esteem is much similar to stability of personal traits over time (variation of change over time). If you have a firm/healthy handle on personal traits, you may have a firm handle on your skills. Success in school as well as receiving support from peers all contributed to help compensate for family problems and would help boost self-efficacy.

As anyone with low self esteem may feel less obligated to make or reach personal goals for themselves. Having a firm supportive cast can change the mindset of the individual and the response toward their goals or overall perspective and approach on any or all situations resulting in an outcome being positive. Depression in early adolescence increases sharply from around 2% to 18% in early adulthood. Low self esteem has been an important factor that lead to vulnerability in depression.


Like 2 sides of a coin self-consciousness can be either good or bad depending on how one uses it. Unfortunately, there is no physical wall that separates the good from the bad side. So, a person can easily fall into the bad side of self-consciousness while attempting to get into the good side. The good side can be defined as the healthy way to live out your emotions. While the bad side can be defined as the negative way of handling your emotions. It is important to distinguish emotions from feelings. Emotions are formed at the spot, as a response to a stimulus and some experts are able to measure emotions. Whereas feelings are formed over time in our minds (mental associations) consequently measuring them is not possible, at least not in an accurate way yet. The importance of self-awareness of our emotions goes beyond the individual, it is also necessary to create healthy social relationships. Self- emotions appear in our lives around our second year of life and only after we develop self-recognition. In other words, if the infant can not even recognize himself in a picture or in the mirror, there is no way he can have self-awareness of his/her emotions. Nevertheless, such infant does experience emotions, he/she just has no reach yet the “self-consciousness of emotions” milestone. It is also worthy to note that self-consciousness of emotions develops in 2 stages. The first group is composed of embarrassment, empathy, and envy. While the second group is conformed of  guilt, shame, and pride. This second group develop only after the toddler has capacity to understand some basic social rules that allow him/her to express either (1) shame (for failing a task), (2) guilt (of doing something not acceptable), or (3) pride (for successfully achieving a required chore).

Bottomline, being aware of your emotions and having discipline (to not fall into the bad or extreme side) is a must because only when you know about the problem, you can do something about it. Awareness and knowledge are the first step, honesty is the second and discipline & consistency are the third step in order to be on the good side of self-consciousness of emotions.

Here is the power point       2-3 min PRESENTATION THURSDAY

Practicing Self-love

  I am going to be doing my research project on practicing self love. Before I do start I would like to start by making sure we understand what self love means. Self-love is a state of appreciation for oneself that grows from actions that support our physical, psychological and spiritual growth. Self-love means having a high regard for your own well-being and happiness. I chose this topic because I feel like I haven’t been putting myself first. I’m always putting myself second. I tend to put other people’s needs before my own and that’s not bad but it’s also not good. 

So I just want to take the time to research how to take care of myself and my needs in order to benefit my life. Self-love can mean something different for each person because we all have different ways to take care of ourselves. The questions I hope to address are like why self help is important and why should we start practicing it. I found three articles that I will be discussing in my paragraphs. 

  The first article i’m going to be talking about is“30 ways to practice self love and be good to yourself” by Jessie Hays. This article gives plenty of ways you can practice self love. Jessie says,”Find your happy place. Where’s the one place you feel totally at ease, calm, happy, positive, high on life? Go to that place when you are going through hard times, or imagine yourself being there. Think about how it feels, what it smells like, what it looks like”. I can relate to this quote so much because when I’m mad or upset I go to my balcony which is my happy place. I would enjoy the fresh breeze and allow myself to be present in the moment. This works for me but it may not work for other people because as I said before people cope with practicing self love differently. Another quote that caught my eye was when she says,”Treat others with love and respect. It makes us feel better about ourselves when we treat others the way we hope to be treated. That doesn’t mean everybody will always repay the favor, but that’s their problem not yours”. This quote is basically saying to treat others how you want to be treated. So being available and helpful to those in need. I can connect this quote to “The Secret” by Rhonda Byrne because in the book she says,” when you do not treat yourself the way you want others to treat you, you can never change the way things are. Your actions are your powerful thoughts, so if you do not treat yourself with love and respect, you are emitting a signal that is saying you are not important enough, worthy enough or deserving”. The rule of treating others as you would want to be treated in their place will ultimately lead to your own happiness. This quote connects to what I was saying because it’s the same idea. Make it a habit to try to place yourself in the shoes of another person because you never know what the other person is going through. It doesn’t matter if it’s a friend, family member or even someone on the street. 

  The second article i’m going to talk about is “The importance of self-love” by Zubayer Khan Zakir. This article was stating the important aspects of self-love. The author says,”When our loved ones make a mistake we often forgive them easily, but when we make a mistake we are often too hard on ourselves”. I can relate to this quote because I am so hard on myself when it comes to making mistakes. I act like it’s the end of the world when it really is not. Everyone makes mistakes, but learning how to learn from these errors, let go, move on, and forgive yourself is important for well-being. I need to learn how to forgive myself because if I do then I can move on with my life instead of ruminating over past events that can’t be changed. 

  The third article I’m going to talk about is “How To Practice Self-Love When You Have Low Self-Esteem”. This article is about how you can navigate the journey of self love and the best way to improve self-esteem when you are feeling stuck. Self-esteem associated with the way you view yourself. I have low self esteem when it comes to certain things like lack of confidence. The author says,”It can be a struggle to accept any compliments or comments on your finer qualities”. I can relate to this because I’m very insecure about my self and when I get compliments I just find it hard to accept. 


Work Cited

Hays, Jessie. “30 ways to practice self love and be good to yourself.”

Byrne,Rhonda.”The Secret”

Khan Zakir, Zubayer.”The importance of self-love”. January 8,2019 at 12:00AM

“How To Practice Self-Love When You Have Low Self-Esteem”


How useful is the beauty industry in times of crisis?

The beauty industry is a booming business, many depend on it for their everyday activities but what about during a crisis… how does the beauty contribute to self-care during times of crisis.

Covid-19 has been a global nightmare with everyone quarantined so is beauty standards and makeup still something that exists and is used in a time that no one sees each other. Many people tend to consciously and subconsciously do things because of societal standards but during a pandemic where does the beauty industry fall in the scale of needs.

Does the beauty industry help us and contribute to our self care when a time of crisis hits. Think about  specific time of crisis for you.. a sick day, a passing of a loved one, a breakup, a global pandemic…. did the beauty industry serve you any aid in recovering during those times?


Communicating in crisis: How beauty brands are reaching customers during the COVID-19 pandemic

Do You Wear Makeup When You’re Sick?

The After Math of Meditation Meeting Schizophrenia   


Courtney LaGrange 

Jill Belli 

ENG 3402-OL20 


The After Math of Meditation Meeting Schizophrenia   

The question presented is whether meditation is a viable treatment for patients with schizophrenia. To set the stage for such an opinion we must have a thorough background of what meditation is and how it affects the brain with potential side effects. Then understand schizophrenia and its complications and how it affects an individual.  Through comparing the findings and the market for meditation as an alternative treatment one can make the opinion whether it is worth the risk or the ladder.  

  1. Meditation Facts 
  • “The oldest documented images of meditation are from India and date back to 5000 to 3500 BCE. ”(Mead) So the creater is not clear, but it is clear India, China, and Japan had early variations of the goals of the techniques. 
  • 20th centry was the turning period for meditation in the West as a more mainstream practice option.  
  • When the science of meditation is explored from a historical perspective, this lack of objectivity has been a recurrent problem for a long time, at least forty years. Its root causes go back to early engagements between non-positivist knowledge systems and psychology.” (Stephan) This leads me to question whether the statements from a statistical point of view is correct in the terms of side effects when some are only reporting positive outcomes as priority.  
  • Side effects and EEG monitored meditation sessions to see brain activity.  
  1. Schizophrenia  
  • What is schizophrenia? “Affects less than one percent of the U.S. population. When schizophrenia is active, symptoms can include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, trouble with thinking and lack of motivation.”(APA) 
  • Effects of medication – Side effects range from dry mouth to something as serious as diabetes according to Healthy place and Oxford Treatment Center.  
  • When did meditation become an option as treatment in general medically and when for schizophrenia? Herbert Benson, M.D comes to mind from the 1960s for cardiology patients soon more doctors followed suit according to Greider.  2005 studies documented for meditation used for schizophrenia in Dr Prem Community article 
  1. Pros and Cons of the use of medicinal meditation for schizophrenia 
  • Personal accounts-  
  1. Macel Armstrong in his book Living Thoughts: Glimpses into the Altered Reality of Schizophrenia” 
  1. Kurt Snyder’s account of his choice of medication over medicinal. 
  1. James Kingsl’s account of his friends.  
  • Side effect sources- 
  1. The Daily Meditation 
  1. The Convention 
  1. “The Relationship Between Focused Attention Meditation Practice Habits, Psychological Symptoms, and Quality of Life.” 
  1. Is Mindfulness Useful or Dangerous for Individuals with Psychosis?” 

By the end of my research, I would like to establish debatable questions if given all the information I provide would you think meditation is right for individuals with schizophrenia 



















  1. Mead, Elaine. “The History and Origin of Meditation.”, 4 July 2019, 
  1.  Stephen, Author. “Meditation and Negative Side Effects: The Latest Research.” The Science of Meditation and Mindfulness, 12 Oct. 2020, Accessed 5 May 2021. 
  1.  American Psychiatric Association. “What Is Schizophrenia?”, American Psychiatric Association, Aug. 2020, 
  1.  “StackPath.”, 2019, Accessed 9 Dec. 2019. 
  1.  “Side Effects of Antipsychotic Medication (Short and Long-Term).” Oxford Treatment Center, 
  1.  Greider, Linda. “Meditation as Medical Treatment Gaining Ground – AARP Bulletin.” Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  Burton, Neel. “A Brief History of Schizophrenia.” Psychology Today, 2017, 
  1.  History Cooperative. “Divine Madness: A History of Schizophrenia.” History Cooperative, The History Cooperative, 29 Jan. 2015, 
  1.   Dr Prem Community. “Mindfulness Exercises for Schizophrenia Can Be of Great Relief to the Patients.” DIY Health | Do It Yourself Health Guide by Dr Prem, 30 Mar. 2018, Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  Armstrong, Macel. Living Thoughts: Glimpses into the Altered Reality of Schizophrenia. 2018. Marcel Armstrong ed. 
  1.  Snyder, K. “Kurt Snyder’s Personal Experience with Schizophrenia.” Schizophrenia Bulletin, vol. 32, no. 2, 9 Dec. 2005, pp. 209–211,, 10.1093/schbul/sbj032. 
  1.  Kingsl, James. “Mindfulness Shows Promise in the Treatment of Schizophrenia.” Plastic Brain, 23 Jan. 2017, Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  “Mindfulness Meditation for Schizophrenia Disorders.” The Daily Meditation, 27 June 2020, Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  Mendrek, Adrianna. “How Meditation Can Help Sufferers of Schizophrenia.” The Conversation, 
  1.  Bilican, F. Isil. “The Relationship between Focused Attention Meditation Practice Habits, Psychological Symptoms, and Quality of Life.” Journal of Religion and Health, vol. 55, no. 6, 2016, pp. 1980–1995, Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  “Is Mindfulness Useful or Dangerous for Individuals with Psychosis? | Here to Help.” 

Tackling Anxiety

My research topic will be on learning how to overcome anxiety, as well as including different strategies that can help individuals who struggle with this. I’m choosing this topic because anxiety is something I personally have to deal with daily and so I want to do more research on it. 

The first journal article I chose is titled Self-Help Interventions for Anxiety Disorders: An Overview by authors Pim Cuijpers and Josien Schuurmans. This article gives background information on how anxiety can be seen as an impairment to one’s quality of life. While many people do not seek help, others either cannot afford to or are put off by long waiting periods. However there are other methods to help yourself in this situation such as trying different self-help interventions. “A self-help intervention can be defined as a psychological treatment in which the patient takes home a standardized psychological treatment protocol and works through it more or less independently”. This treatment protocol can come in the form of a book, CD, audio recording, and other types of media. “Most self-help interventions for anxiety disorders are based on cognitive-behavioral techniques, such as exposure, cognitive restructuring, and applied relaxation”. Strategies such as psychoeducation, relaxation, graded exposure, cognitive restructuring, anxiety management, and other techniques have been proven to be beneficial.

The second article titled “The Role of Self-help in the Treatment of Mild Anxiety Disorders in Young People: An Evidence-based Review” by authors Debra Rickwood and Sally Bradford, introduces what anxiety is and how if left untreated, the anxiety can worsen and develop into other mental health problems. “The accepted evidence-based approach in the treatment of anxiety disorders is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), which challenges and tries to change negative or irrational thinking and behavior patterns”. This article also discusses different types of self-help interventions (psychoeducation, somatic management skills training, cognitive restructuring, exposure, and relapse prevention) that would be helpful in reducing anxiety. This article also includes various case studies that back their findings. 

The third article titled “How Does Meditation Reduce Anxiety at a Neural Level?” by Christopher Bergland, discusses and examines how meditation affects your brain, specifically “which areas of the brain are activated and which are deactivated during meditation-related anxiety relief”. A study was also used to back their findings on this topic. In this article, mindfulness meditation and loving-kindness meditation are the two “types of meditation that have been proven to change brain structure and have dramatic physical and psychological benefits”.

My next source is a book I recently ordered, that will hopefully provide me with more information on this topic. Anxiety Happens: 52 Ways to Find Peace of Mind by John P. Forsyth and Georg H. Eifert, includes 52 strategies (1 for each week in the year) that help you deal with anxiety through acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). This book discusses “the underlying causes of your anxiety, why avoidance just doesn’t work, how to move past your negative inner voice, and how focusing on your values can help you move past anxiety and live a rich, meaningful life”. To me this book brings in the holistic approach I’ve been missing for this topic. What really drew me into this book was that it is listed as an Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies Self-Help Book Recommendation, meaning it incorporates scientifically tested strategies that help one overcome mental health issues. 


Bergland, Christopher. “How Does Meditation Reduce Anxiety at a Neural Level?” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 7 June 2013, 

Cuijpers, Pim, and Josien Schuurmans. Self-Help Interventions for Anxiety Disorders: An Overview, Current Psychiatry Reports, 2007, 

Forsyth, John P., and Georg H. Eifert. Anxiety Happens: 52 Ways to Find Peace of Mind. New Harbinger Publications, Inc, 2018. 

Rickwood, Debra, and Sally Bradford. “The Role of Self-Help in the Treatment of Mild Anxiety Disorders in Young People: an Evidence-Based Review.” Psychology Research and Behavior Management, Dove Medical Press, 27 Feb. 2012, 

The Effects Of Self-Love In Romantic Relationships

After doing my proposal last week, along with the reviews from my fellow classmates and professor, I was able to narrow down my topic more on what I plan to research for my assignment. The topic I chose for my research paper is based on love, especially self-love within romantic relationships. As I stated in my previous proposal, “This topic interest me because I had a hard time loving myself when I was young in feeling that I did not belong because of who I am. Moving back and forth between Trinidad and New York, I had challenges making friends because I was afraid to put myself out there and did not want to get rejected for being myself.” Ever since I had those problems and feelings when I was young, it has affected me in ways of wondering if I will ever be good enough for someone I truly love. Therefore, for this research assignment, I want to explore how self-love impacts on romantic relationships, in a positive and negative way. Also, I hope to specifically learn the key elements of love and how to really implement it fully to myself. I think from doing this specific topic for my assignment, would give me a better understanding of it all and really help me to improve myself presently.

The first source that I found which relates to my topic is a book called, ‘All About Love,’ by Bell Hooks. This book will first ask you to practice deep and honest reflection about how you love and if it is really love at all, and then it would really set you free. It can be read as a self-help book but written more like a memoir and an academic text, with Hooks’ distinctly sharp style and analytical approach. Hooks delves into the ways we learn how to love by example, and what happens to those who do not have examples of love in their own lives. She unpacks cultural paradigms and dynamics about relationships, respect, and sex to ultimately forge a path toward love that is a verb, not a noun, that is sacred and true, both on a personal and collective, societal level.

The second source that I found which relates to my topic is an article intitled, ‘Self-Love Is the New #RelationshipGoals,’ by Davia Sills. As stated in the article, “Finding yourself means soul-searching the peaks and valleys of your life and seeing them as a necessary part of your growth. Having the ability to self-reflect means being comfortable spending time with yourself, devoid of shame and judgment, to work on you—your insecurities, strengths, flaws, and the valuable contributions that you have to offer to yourself and others. The ability to truly find happiness and love in yourself makes you more confident and self-assured in your love for others.” I totally agree with this statement because it explains how you need to learn to learn yourself first before you can love someone else.

The third source that I found which relates to my topic is an article intitled, ‘Self Care vs. Self Love: How to Love Yourself in a Relationship’ by Caitlin Killoren. As stated in the article, “In order to have a healthy relationship, both you and your partner need to be healthy yourselves. And, yes, physical health is always important, but that is not exactly what we mean here. We mean that both you and your partner need to be able to support and care for your own mental and emotional health.” I agree with this statement because it is something that I have been telling myself and really trying to work on.

The fourth source that I found which relates to my topic is an article intitled, ‘How to Develop Self-Love and Why This Will Strengthen Your Relationship,’ by Brad Alexander. A quote that I found in the article to be really intriguing was, “An outstanding love doesn’t come from two half-fulfilled people coming together to make one whole, complete life. Outstanding love comes from two whole people coming together to share and enhance their already full and beautiful lives.” (Pia Scade) This article talks about his experience and I really think that I can learn from him.

The fifth source that I found which relates to my topic is an article intitled, ‘The Importance of Treating Self-Love as a Relationship,’ by Courtney Harris Coaching. A quote that I found to be very admirable was, “Self-love is not a destination. It is a relationship. And like all relationships, it requires time, attention, care, and practice.” I really found that statement to be aspiring. As stated by the article, “When I think about self-love as a relationship, I feel a sense of understanding, patience, and compassion wash over me. And how poetic is it that these feelings are in alignment with the goal of self-love?! How does this idea of self-love as relationship land with you?”

The sixth source that I found which relates to my topic is website which includes advice intitled, ‘5 Reasons Why Self-Love is Important for Relationships,’ by Ruby Fremon. As stated by the article, “Everyone dreams of having a happily ever after type of relationship, but not everyone is willing to do the work required to get that type of relationship. You want to know the bold truth? Love is doomed without self-love. You need that foundation prior to stepping into relationships.” It also goes on to say, “Rather than jumping from unhappy relationship to unhappy relationship… take a break and utilize that time to get to know you. Instead of seeking the love you desire from others, find that love within you first. Self-love is the foundation upon which you build all your other relationships. Everything comes down to how much you love yourself.” I totally agree with this and I think I should really consider those words of wisdom.

Sources Cited:

1. Alexander, Brad. “How to Develop Self-Love & Why This Will Strengthen Your Relationship.” Tiny Buddha, 28 December 2020. Accessed on 04 May 2021.

This source contains the author’s experience and stories about self-love and how it improves relationships. This source is useful to my topic because it talks about learning self-love while in a relationship, and how to develop self-love if you are in a relationship. These include the areas of how to maintain a degree of space and independence, to remember you are the master of your own happiness, to see in yourself what your partner sees in you, to do not get disheartened when you see your flaws, to forgive yourself for your failings, and to remember love is an action (not a feeling). This source is reliable and should be taken seriously because I think it really relates to my topic on how self-love can improve the type of relationships you want to have in your life.

2. Coaching, Courtney Harris. “The Importance of Treating Self-Love as a Relationship.” 4 November 2020. Accessed on 04 May 2021.

This source contains information on seeing self-love as relationship, relationships love rituals, ideas for practicing self-love, and tapping into support. This source is useful to my topic because of the information that the author talks about. As stated in the article, “I like to think of rituals as containers for connection that we can count on. Rituals are practices that we return to again and again.” This source is reliable and should be taken seriously because I think it really relates to my topic on how the importance of self-love is important and how it is treated as a relationship too.

3. Fremon, Ruby. “5 Reasons Why Self-Love Is Important for Relationships.” The Latest Catch, 16 February 2016. Accessed on 04 May 2021.

This source contains information on the importance of self-love for relationships, along with reasons on why it is. This source is useful to my topic because it talks about the areas on how you will attract better, on how you will improve the quality of your relationships, on how you will show up differently in relationships, and on how your partners will treat you differently. This source is reliable and should be taken seriously because I think it really relates to my topic on the reasons of how self-love affects relationships in a positive way.

4. Hooks, Bell. “All about Love: New Visions.” Harper Perennial, 2018.

This source contains the ideas on; “1. Love is not what we thought it was, 2. Our culture praises the pursuit of materialism, and it is difficult to love others when we are so self-centered, 3. Self-love and spirituality are critical to having loving relationships with others, 4. People learn how to love from their families and friends, 5. Mutual growth and openness are the basis for love, 6. It’s not easy to fall in love and keep it going. We can’t control who we fall in love with, so we shouldn’t expect that to be the case.” This source is useful to my topic because discusses the problems with love, love’s definitions, honesty: the basis of love, the importance of self-love, and love and healing. This source is reliable and should be taken seriously because I think it really relates to my topic on how to pursue love, where you first must define what you want from your relationship and then act on that desire by pursuing the person who can give it to you.

5. Killoren, Caitlin. “Self-Care vs. Self Love: How to Love Yourself in a Relationship.” Relish, 3 September 2020. Accessed on 04 May 2021.

This source contains how to practice self-care in your relationship and how to practice self-love in your relationship. This source is useful to my topic because within the two stated topics in the previous sentence, they include focusing on taking time to be solo, setting boundaries, managing stress levels, being present, recognizing your feelings, and seeking spiritual connection. This source is reliable and should be taken seriously because I think it really relates to my topic on how to love yourself in a relationship and I feel like it really has valuable information that I can learn myself.

6. Sills, Davia. “Self-Love Is the New #RelationshipGoals.” Psychology Today, Sussex Publishers, 12 June 2019.,the%20need%20for%20external%20validation.&text=When%20you%20truly%20love%20yourself,and%20when%20to%20walk%20away Accessed on 04 May 2021.

This source contains six things to conquer in order to achieve self-love as the new #relationshipgoal. This source is useful to my topic because it explains how partners treat you the way they see you treat yourself, how more self-love will attract healthier relationships, how a relationship should be a partnership, not a codependent situation, how no one can make you happy the way you can make yourself happy, how to understand and accept that you cannot depend on other people to make you feel loved, and how people treat you the way they see you treat yourself. This source is reliable and should be taken seriously because I think it really relates to my topic on how self-love is really important within relationships.

Self-Help on Physical Health

I was told my last proposal on physical health wasn’t awful, it was just too broad. I thought because it wasn’t specific enough I would have to get rid of one or maybe two of my three areas of physical health and only focus on one but instead I was told to seek further information than what I was planning on doing. So because of this I will make it clear that my new research topic will be “How can you achieve good physical health on your own”. I will explain the relation between self-help and this topic. I will be getting rid of the emphasis on motivation because the role of motivation is obvious when it comes to this topic, so I will mention it as an obstacle, I just won’t make it part of my main prompt. Now I can focus specifically on physical health all while using research articles to support my claims.

My last proposal covered the 3 key points to maintaining physical health so aside from that, it is worth mentioning what makes physical health so useful as a self-help topic. Best selling fitness author, Sean Nalewanyj, explains in a blog he wrote titled “ Are personal trainers worth it”, why he believes most fitness trainers are not worth the time, effort and money. He mentions how the knowledge and credentials a fitness trainer has is not hard for the average person to attain and it would be much more beneficial to educate yourself on these things rather than get help from someone else. Also he says a lot of trainers that have the means to become a fitness trainer aren’t as qualified as the title suggests resulting in them making poor judgement time and time again. This is a good start for the topic on why self-help in this area is necessary in the first place.

Next, in an article titled “How to be your own personal trainer” written by certified health coach, Malia Frey, she explains different ways to get through physical training without the help of a fitness trainer, which is viewed as the most efficient way to go about improving physical health. This article helps look at specific ways to complete physical health training on your own. These tips are similar to the tips mentioned in the last proposal (planning meals, maintaining motivation etc.) but to go more in depth, I need to dig deeper into these ideas.

Beginning with healthy eating, the National Heart, Blood and Lung institute has a web page with information on what exactly it takes to eat healthy. The information consists of food that a person should be eating such as vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat dairy products. The webpage also points out things that should be avoided such as trans fats, sodium, and added sugars. There is also a calories section of this page that explains the importance of calorie intake along with made meal plans for breakfast, lunch and dinner. With this information all that comes next is the scheduling which just comes down to preparation.

The motivation aspect remains the same, Paige Waehner, certified personal trainer, gives her tips on staying motivated when it comes to physical exercise as she mentions multiple different ideas that can keep a person’s motivation up such as discipline. The point of having discipline is so you can make a routine that you get into the habit of doing regardless. Mentally, this routine should already be happening, sort of like when you know you’re going to do something regardless of what happens, because it always happens, it’s just a matter of time and nothing else. There also needs to be a balance. Trying things that can’t be done is where a lot of people go wrong. Sticking to what is within your capabilities is the smartest way to get things done because then the whole routine doesn’t seem like such a drag, in fact, it might seem pretty easy.

There are many more mentioned throughout this article and so much information to be worked with, this proposal has a lot of potential.

Works Cited
Malia Frey, “How to Be Your Own Personal Trainer”, Very Well Fit, November 10, 2020

“Healthy Eating Plan”, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Date Accessed, May 4, 2021

Paige Waehner, “Make Goals to Get More Motivation for Exercising” Very Well Fit, July 24, 2020



I wanted to take advantage of the close relationship between self-conscious emotions and mindfulness. So, I will be talking about the good and the bad sides of being emotionally self-conscious.

Most thoughts and information that enter our brain ignite a response known as emotion. But we are not always aware of what is that we are feeling and even worse we do not  always know how to handle such emotion. Being self-aware will lead you to be self-conscious of your emotions. However, there are 2 sides/consequences to being emotionally conscious. The good side says that one will feel satisfied, happy, proud, and socially responsible of one’s actions, but the bad side says that one will feel overwhelm, depress, anxious and helpless. Unfortunately, there is no wall that separates one side from the other so an individual can easily shift from one side to the other. This is why I find important to talk about the polarity of self-conscious emotions.

Feeling is a natural human response to a stimulus. Indeed, not feeling is considered a sign of sociopathy. Lewis, Sullivan, Stanger and Weiss drawn a model to show the order in how self-conscious emotions appear in our lives. They also said that there are 2 sets of self-conscious emotions. On the first group we have embarrassment, empathy, and envy and on the second/later group we have pride, shame, and guilt. But why do we call them self-conscious emotions? Why not just emotions? Well, Lewis, et al, explain that: “self-conscious emotions are characterized by self-referential behavior…these emotions appear before or around our second birthday. At the same time children learn about other aspects of their social world including rules of conduct that allow them to evaluate their own production and behavior (quoting Kagan 1981).” Likewise, the Department of Pediatrics of the Rutgers Medical School on its article entitled “Emotional Development” wrote that: “children emotional lives change when they develop self-awareness. This major milestone occurs sometime around 15 to 24 months of age”…”Self-awareness can be indexed by the emergence of visual self-recognition…”

As stated earlier the focus of this research is on the 2 sides (polarity) of self-conscious emotions. The good/positive/healthy side allows us to develop healthy social relationships because we are happy with ourselves as consequences of a normal self-evaluation and self-awareness of our emotions and actions. BUT on the other side, the bad one, excessive self-consciousness of our emotions causes us to dwell on our sadness, shame, or addiction. Consequently, making hard for the person to heal or focus on something else.

This is being uploaded here in addition to being submitted through drop-box.



Baumeister, Roy F., and Brad J. Bushman. Social Psychology and Human Nature. Cengage, 2021.

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Self Esteem in Early Adolescence

Self esteem can be described as how you view your own personal value. What you personally believe in yourself. Sometimes it can be linked to why you enjoy the things you enjoy or it could not be the things you enjoy. Who you have around you (your company).There are much more that can contribute to it like body weight, depression, media or even your childhood but those are just simple ones. One primary factor of self esteem determination can even be the clothing you choose to put on your body which is linked to bodyweight. I believe the Self Help Industry and Self Esteem are cousins to each other in this category and another reason why I choose to learn about this topic such as self esteem is something that we all struggle with at least once in our life.
Below I have four articles that deal with self esteem. Self Esteem in early adolescence as a predator of depressive symptoms in late and early Adolescence , What is Self Esteem, Families and school may play key roles in promoting Adolescence self confidence and last one at least, in Children and adolescence Low self esteem increases materialism. All three of these articles talk about different versions of self esteem, different ways it can be brought up from Adolescence to adulthood if not cured and he damages it can bring and self esteem identified by self worth. These articles also talk about how to cope/cure it. Different side effects, and a couple different theories brought out.
The first article “What is self esteem” by Kendra Cherry, she talks about self esteem as an overall value of “personal value” by giving different factors such as self belonging, identity and feeling of competence. Kendra also states that self esteem tends to be the lowest in childhood as it can gradually increase during adolescence as well as adulthood. This makes self esteem similar to stability to personal traits over time. If you have a handle on healthy self esteem, you may have a firm handle on your skills. Having a realistic and appropriate expectation on themselves and their abilities. People with low self esteem can feel less about their abilities and may doubt their decision making process. They might not feel motivated and able to reach their goals. The feeling of unworthy and lovable may come into existence. All of these different factors play a role in the self help industry by defining your individual expectations, individual needs as well as goals.
My second article “Self esteem in Early Adolescence as a Predator of depression symptoms in late and early adolescence” M.Masselink, E.Van Roekel and A.J. Oldehinkel. According to this article, it talks about the prevalence of depression as it increases sharply from around 2% in early adolescence to around 18% in early adulthood .Many factors contribute to this surge and the contribution to depression during adolescence. They say low self esteem has been an important factor that increases vulnerability to depression. In many research studies, it shows that low self esteem and depressive symptoms often occur among adolescents. The article states that “Self esteem levels tend to decrease in early adolescence and increase in later adolescence but those who have lower levels of self-esteem than others at one time point are likely to have lower self esteem than others at the following time point as well”. They say this is because self-esteem is stable and enduring vulnerability. Many of the development challenges that adolescence face revolve around their position in their environment. Challenges such as moving from school to school, new networks, challenging relationships with family members, adapting to more of an adult role over the course of the time.
My third article “Families and schools play a key role in promoting adolescent self-confidence” by Pen state. Many studies examined the variety of affected adolescents` self efficacy. This article stated a rage of ideas dealing with family, schools and human development. This is a quote from the article that states” They found that adolescents who frequently witnessed their parents arguing or engaging in other forms of conflict experience lower self-efficacy later on”. They are saying who witnessed their parents argue when they were in the adolescence stage carried over to when they are older and it had a cerian effect on them. However their success in school as well as receiving support from “peers”, this was able to help compensate for family problems and would help boost self-efficacy. The healthier you are with your partner, the better you are off with your child.
My final article “In children and Adolescents, Low Self-esteem increases Materialism” by the Chicago Press Journals. This article talks about materialism increases during adolescence but decreases in late adolescence during the transition into young adulthood. In a forthcoming study, they found that children of different age groups self esteem increase from Middle childhood(8-9 years old), to early adolescence (12-13 years old) but then declines during adolescence until the end of highschools. They say this materialism, which increases in early adolescence but decreases in late adolescence which transitions into adulthood. “Our results indicate that simple actions to raise self-esteem among young consumers can have a dramatic impact on expressions of materialism” Chaplin and John write. “By priming high self esteem, we reversed the large drop in self esteem experiment by early adolescence, thereby reducing the steep rise in materialism among this group”.

Cherry, Kendra. “‘What Is Self Esteem.’” Https://
Masselink, M., et al. “Self-Esteem in Early Adolescence as Predictor of Depressive Symptoms in Late Adolescence and Early Adulthood:The Mediating Role Of Motivational and Social Factors.” Https://
State, Penn. “Families and Schools May Play Key Roles in Promoting Adolescent Self-Confidence .” Https://
Chicago press Journals, University of. “In Children And Adolescents, Low Self-Esteem Increases Materialism.” Https://