The After Math of Meditation Meeting Schizophrenia   

 

Courtney LaGrange 

Jill Belli 

ENG 3402-OL20 

05/04/21 

The After Math of Meditation Meeting Schizophrenia   

The question presented is whether meditation is a viable treatment for patients with schizophrenia. To set the stage for such an opinion we must have a thorough background of what meditation is and how it affects the brain with potential side effects. Then understand schizophrenia and its complications and how it affects an individual.  Through comparing the findings and the market for meditation as an alternative treatment one can make the opinion whether it is worth the risk or the ladder.  

  1. Meditation Facts 
  • “The oldest documented images of meditation are from India and date back to 5000 to 3500 BCE. ”(Mead) So the creater is not clear, but it is clear India, China, and Japan had early variations of the goals of the techniques. 
  • 20th centry was the turning period for meditation in the West as a more mainstream practice option.  
  • When the science of meditation is explored from a historical perspective, this lack of objectivity has been a recurrent problem for a long time, at least forty years. Its root causes go back to early engagements between non-positivist knowledge systems and psychology.” (Stephan) This leads me to question whether the statements from a statistical point of view is correct in the terms of side effects when some are only reporting positive outcomes as priority.  
  • Side effects and EEG monitored meditation sessions to see brain activity.  
  1. Schizophrenia  
  • What is schizophrenia? “Affects less than one percent of the U.S. population. When schizophrenia is active, symptoms can include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, trouble with thinking and lack of motivation.”(APA) 
  • Effects of medication – Side effects range from dry mouth to something as serious as diabetes according to Healthy place and Oxford Treatment Center.  
  • When did meditation become an option as treatment in general medically and when for schizophrenia? Herbert Benson, M.D comes to mind from the 1960s for cardiology patients soon more doctors followed suit according to Greider.  2005 studies documented for meditation used for schizophrenia in Dr Prem Community article 
  1. Pros and Cons of the use of medicinal meditation for schizophrenia 
  • Personal accounts-  
  1. Macel Armstrong in his book Living Thoughts: Glimpses into the Altered Reality of Schizophrenia” 
  1. Kurt Snyder’s account of his choice of medication over medicinal. 
  1. James Kingsl’s account of his friends.  
  • Side effect sources- 
  1. The Daily Meditation 
  1. The Convention 
  1. “The Relationship Between Focused Attention Meditation Practice Habits, Psychological Symptoms, and Quality of Life.” 
  1. Is Mindfulness Useful or Dangerous for Individuals with Psychosis?” 

By the end of my research, I would like to establish debatable questions if given all the information I provide would you think meditation is right for individuals with schizophrenia 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

               Sources 

 

  1. Mead, Elaine. “The History and Origin of Meditation.” PositivePsychology.com, 4 July 2019, positivepsychology.com/history-of-meditation/. 
  1.  Stephen, Author. “Meditation and Negative Side Effects: The Latest Research.” The Science of Meditation and Mindfulness, 12 Oct. 2020, thescienceofmeditation.org/2020/10/12/meditation-and-negative-side-effects-the-latest-research/. Accessed 5 May 2021. 
  1.  American Psychiatric Association. “What Is Schizophrenia?” Psychiatry.org, American Psychiatric Association, Aug. 2020, www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/schizophrenia/what-is-schizophrenia. 
  1.  “StackPath.” Healthyplace.com, 2019, www.healthyplace.com/thought-disorders/schizophrenia-articles/side-effects-of-the-medications-used-to-treat-schizophrenia. Accessed 9 Dec. 2019. 
  1.  “Side Effects of Antipsychotic Medication (Short and Long-Term).” Oxford Treatment Center, oxfordtreatment.com/substance-abuse/co-occurring-disorders/antipsychotics/. 
  1.  Greider, Linda. “Meditation as Medical Treatment Gaining Ground – AARP Bulletin.” AARPwww.aarp.org/health/alternative-medicine/info-04-2009/meditation_goes_mainstream.html. Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  Burton, Neel. “A Brief History of Schizophrenia.” Psychology Today, 2017, www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/hide-and-seek/201209/brief-history-schizophrenia. 
  1.  History Cooperative. “Divine Madness: A History of Schizophrenia.” History Cooperative, The History Cooperative, 29 Jan. 2015, historycooperative.org/divine-madness-a-history-of-schizophrenia/. 
  1.   Dr Prem Community. “Mindfulness Exercises for Schizophrenia Can Be of Great Relief to the Patients.” DIY Health | Do It Yourself Health Guide by Dr Prem, 30 Mar. 2018, diyhealth.com/mindfulness-exercises-for-schizophrenia-can-be-of-great-relief-to-the-patients.html. Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  Armstrong, Macel. Living Thoughts: Glimpses into the Altered Reality of Schizophrenia. 2018. Marcel Armstrong ed. 
  1.  Snyder, K. “Kurt Snyder’s Personal Experience with Schizophrenia.” Schizophrenia Bulletin, vol. 32, no. 2, 9 Dec. 2005, pp. 209–211, academic.oup.com/schizophreniabulletin/article/32/2/209/1899556, 10.1093/schbul/sbj032. 
  1.  Kingsl, James. “Mindfulness Shows Promise in the Treatment of Schizophrenia.” Plastic Brain, 23 Jan. 2017, plasticbrainblog.com/2017/01/23/mindfulness-shows-promise-in-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia/. Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  “Mindfulness Meditation for Schizophrenia Disorders.” The Daily Meditation, 27 June 2020, www.thedailymeditation.com/mindfulness-meditation-for-schizophrenia-disorders. Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  Mendrek, Adrianna. “How Meditation Can Help Sufferers of Schizophrenia.” The Conversation, theconversation.com/how-meditation-can-help-sufferers-of-schizophrenia-98231. 
  1.  Bilican, F. Isil. “The Relationship between Focused Attention Meditation Practice Habits, Psychological Symptoms, and Quality of Life.” Journal of Religion and Health, vol. 55, no. 6, 2016, pp. 1980–1995, www.jstor.org/stable/44157057?addFooter=false&seq=1. Accessed 6 May 2021. 
  1.  “Is Mindfulness Useful or Dangerous for Individuals with Psychosis? | Here to Help.” Www.heretohelp.bc.cawww.heretohelp.bc.ca/visions/mindfulness-vol12/is-mindfulness-useful-or-dangerous-for-individuals-with-psychosis. 

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