Congratulations to the winner of the people’s choice this week, Courtney!

Professor reminded us that the meditation assignment and the holistic essay are due on Tuesday April 27 (to be submitted via drop box as ONE Microsoft Word Attachment, the essay goes first followed by the 14 days meditation journal/free writing).

The ESSAY is a holistic free writing that makes connections to the topics discussed each week in class. It is a 5 to 7 pages double space reflective essay. The Works Cited page does NOT count as part of the 5-7 pages. The citation of the sources must be MLA format as well as the essay, that means:

Indent the first line of each paragraph,

1 inch  margin on all sides,

Normal size font (12),

Header on the first page,

Title on the center.

Name, professor’s name, class code, and date on the upper-left hand corner of the first page.


Must mention/quote the specific meditation app and meditation session.

The free writing of each day meditation should be somehow separated, to differentiate each day session.


There were presentations of self help critique on the following order: Robby, Crystal, Maria, Ajah and Aryanna.

Robby:  His presentation had the title of “ The Effectiveness of Self Help”

Some main ideas were:

A good self-help program has methods with high success rates.

It is important to check credentials of the author.

If the program is a good match for you will depend on race, age, personality, etc.

Crystal: Her presentation was entitled “ Issues with the Self-Help Industry”

Some main ideas were:

“Self-help is not scientifically validated.”

“There are 2 types of people in the self-help area, the ones looking for help and the ones who look for avoidance of not feeling guilty of their bad habits.”

Self-help is a contradiction because what works for one person, might not work for the next.

Maria: “Self-Help Critique”

Some main ideas were:

There are no regulations nor guidelines for self-help published materials.

There is business in self-help and in anti-self-help merchandise.

Some authors argue  that what is wrong is our environment and not us. However, changing of the world we inhabit is a daunting prospect.  And perhaps this is the reason why people “conform” to only change themselves instead.

Ajah: Her presentation was named: “Self-love”

Some main ideas were:

“You cannot love anyone if you cannot love yourself first.”

“Having more self-compassion builds resilience in the face of adversity, helping people to recover more quickly from trauma.”

“Depression and anxiety are opposite states.”

Aryanna: Does self Help = Self Inadequacy

Some main ideas were:

“Constantly looking to improve yourself, can lead to a feeling of inadequacy.”

Self Help practices lack an answer to the “why” and “what’s next.”

Self-help blames the victim. Gurus promote that you are in charge of everything in your life, but that simply is not true.”



Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding by Lev Vygotsky: Refers to the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can achieve with guidance and encouragement from a skilled partner.

Vygotsky believed that when a student is in the zone of proximal development for a particular task, providing the appropriate assistance will give the student enough of a “boost” to achieve the task.



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