The Analysis of Society in Nineteen Eighty-Four

The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell depict a society that is constantly at war with another nation. It shows how society deals with a nation that is at war in the eyes of the main character Winston. It shows how society and government interact with each other.

The society featured in the novel shows the characteristic of a dystopian society. The government named “Big Brother” had several factions in them, one of them was “the Ministry of Love, which maintained law and order”(4). The ministry of love controlled society, it captures defects from society and executes them. The ministry of love uses the “Thought Police” who job was to “watch everybody all the time”(3). The thought police watch people through telescreen and if they were to show sign of rebellion to the government, “Big Brother” they were executed publicly. The telescreen made society more aware of their action, especially the main character Winston. Winston changes his expression as the narrator said: “He had set his features into the expression of quite optimism which it was advisable to wear when facing the telescreen”(5). The government has control over Winston to a point that even his facial expression need to be changed to eliminate any suspicions on him and the same can be said about the people that are living in this type of society. More so, a slogan from the ministry of truth said: “WAR IS PEACE, FREEDOM IS SLAVERY, IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH”(4). The statement proves that the ministry of truth can manipulate society into thinking the opposite of what everything is said. Winston job of altering and destroying documents has led him to secretly rebel against the big brother, by joining an underground society called the brotherhood. The Society also avoid calling each other names other than a comrade, to avoid being associated with them if they were to be capture by the thought police.

The setting of the novel is expected to be dark since it is a dystopian society. The story takes place in 1984, but it is not certain since the ministry of truth manipulates everything to benefit the government. The world in which Winston live in is said, “the world looked cold…there seem to be no color”(2). This imagery reminds of black and white films with no color and the society that Winston is living in is not lively at all. The ministry of truth has to alter and destroy many works of the past leading to society being lifeless in the novel.

Furthermore, society physical attributes are being diminished by the government. In the novel, an exercise is being done and shows the flexibility of Winston. The narrator said: “Winston, with a violent lunge, succeeded in touching his toes with knees unbent, for the first time in several years”(38). Winston and the rest of society movement are limited by the telescreen watching them all the time. The government does diminish their attributes to prevent any rebellion but at the same time, they want society to be able to perform their jobs.

The novel was interesting to read especially the interaction between Winston, society, and government. It is also fairly easy to understand but there is still some vocabulary here and there. There also with the over quoting in the second paragraph, although much is needed to explain the society in the novel.

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