TLDR at the bottom.
Science Fiction as a Genre
Science Fiction is a mass of questions that plague the minds of authors and theorists. Many see these as possibilities for the future of mankind. There are many aspects to the concept of where our technology will take us in our near future and perhaps our distant future. But Science Fiction is more than attempts to predict the future. There are many other forms that Science Fiction take. Sub-genres take a different approach in that they form a more unique and interesting setting. Steampunk, cyberpunk, apocalyptic, time travel, alternate universe are some of the sub-genres that Science Fiction may be categorized as. These represent what a world similar but different from our own would look like. The topics that span the genre are space travel, alternate universe, cyborg, time travel, doppelganger, trans-humanism, post-scarcity, mutation, nano-technology and aliens.
Utopia and Dystopia
Utopia and Dystopia are the ultimate goals and horrors of fiction. A Utopia is a perfect society where there is no conflict or hardship. A Dystopia is an oppressive society that oppresses and confines all its people. The term Utopia was first coined by Thomas Moore in his book 1516. Utopia is made from the greek words Eu-Ou-Topos meaning “no place” and Dystopia is made from a Dys-Topos meaning “bad place”. It should also be mentioned that simply because a Utopian vision seeks to make a perfect world, this does not mean that this is a world aimed to be perfect for everyone.
Progress is a term used to represent the way forward. It is commonly used to describe how technology advances a civilization. One of the finer examples of progress was the american goal to unite or own the entirety of the new world. Advanced agriculture and engineering made its way across the Americas as progress developed even further.
tldr (To Long, Didn’t Read)
- Science fiction is predicting the future or possible futures
- There are “what if” questions about possible alternate realities or futures
- Utopia is a perfect civilization that has no flaws
- Dystopia is an oppressive place
- Progress is what technology does to advance civilization