Is there a recent rise female leads in science fiction movies?

For my proposal I was interested in researching female protagonist in science fiction. Most of the readings we did in class all semester were mostly male protagonist based stories and novels. Female characters played secondary roles. They were usually love interest or objects to the protagonist and society.
During my research I googled and went to the Cuny data base and typed the phrase “female protagonist in science fiction”. After some research, I found there was a sub-genre called feminist science fiction. This Genre focuses on theories that include but are not limited to gender, inequality, sexuality, race, economics, and reproduction. There has been recurring waves of feminist science fiction in television and movies.
I re-worded and looked up “female leads in science fiction movies”. Contemporary Science-Fiction Films during the 80s saw a huge rise in female leads in science fiction. Most notability Sigourney Weaver as Ripley, the warrant officer aboard the Nostromo. From my research I have found that Weaver role was originally written for a male character. She gain critical success and got nominated for a few prestige’s award in the film industry. Another Female lead was Linda Hamilton as Sarah Connor, the Terminator’s target who is soon to be the mother of the future Resistance leader John Connor. Tours the end of the decade there seem to be a decline in strong female leads. But most recently, in Hollywood the rise of strong female roles in science fiction movies have begun again. Movies such as The Hunger Games, Divergent, Star Wars, Guardians of the Galaxy, Star Trek, Terminator series, and Wonder Women. In TV, the new Hulu series The Handmaidens Tale. I want to narrow down my topic to “The recent rise of female leads in science fiction movies”.


The 20 Greatest Female Characters In Sci-Fi And Fantasy

The Top 40 Kick-Ass Female Sci-Fi Characters

Johnson, Mandy. “Women as Action Heroes: Is Violence a Positive Direction for Females?”
Glamour (March 1994): 152-154.]
revues .org/sidelining women in contemporary science fiction films

Artificial Intelligence and Humanity Concerns

We’ve received most of our knowledge about Artificial Intelligence from many type media content like Terminator, I, Robot, and Bicentennial Man in the last century. What we have witnessed is that the AI has been represented in either a negative or positive character in the stories, but now AI has become our reality in our everyday life. People will take what they have learned about AI and most likely lean to the negative idea of either AI “Going to take over the world” or “This is the end of humanity.” Fortunately, AI is in its infancy stage of development and the closest thing to AI we carry around every day is Apple Siri that we accept freely. Currently, AI that’s in development at the moment Narrow AI or Weak AI which control facial recognition or even driving an automobile. With the continued advancement into Artificial Intelligence, the concerns and fears the people are having are how this advancement will affect my way of life for me and rest of humanity? While these advancements are being developed, will their ethical guideline be set in place? Will AI programming goals align with humanities?

While watching Westworld, the character by the name of Dr. Ford stated a comment that resonated with me, “Evolution forged the entirety of sentient life on this planet using only one tool The mistake. I flattered myself we were taking a more disciplined approach here. I suppose self-delusion is a gift of natural selection as well. Indeed it is. But, of course, we’ve managed to slip evolution’s leash now, haven’t we? We can cure any disease, keep even the weakest of us alive, and, you know, one fine day perhaps we shall even resurrect the dead. Call forth Lazarus from his cave. Do you know what that means? It means that we’re done. That this is as good as we’re going to get” (41:50). It seems that we are on the verge of heading down this road, but we are still unaware of what outcome we will end up with once we reach our goal. Currently, they are talks from Alphabet, Amazon, Facebook, IBM and Microsoft about setting Ethical guidelines when creating AI, so it will not completely disturb our environment or way of life.

Good: “Will AI programming goals align with humanities?” When AI comes to full bloom in our reality, there a high possibility that we would have created a sentient being that surpasses our intelligence. Which can be a tool to help deal with the other issue like world hunger or even advancement in the medical science like in the movie Bicentennial Man.

Bad: “While these advancements are being developed, will their ethical guideline be set in place?” Creating AI to control weapons system can have an adverse effect on the world and the survival of the human race. With a lack of ethical guideline can lead to this possibility.

Ugly: “With the continued advancement into Artificial Intelligence, the concerns and fears the people are having is how will this advancement affect my way of life for me and rest of humanity?” Creating sentient beings that can replace the human race on many levels such as longevity and intelligence.

Top 9 ethical issues in artificial intelligence

Benefits & Risks of Artificial Intelligence

9 Key AI Ethical Issues & How to Handle Them

Why Asimov’s Three Laws Of Robotics Can’t Protect Us

After 75 years, Isaac Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics need updating

MEPs in ‘urgent’ call for new laws on artificial intelligence and robotics


Subjects in Space

Starting my project, I initially wanted to do something in relation of space or astronomy.  While I am not sure how to narrow my search even more except with some more time on my research, I am quite sure my topic will be in relation in the broad topic of space.

The first thing I did was to google space to get a good idea about it.  Reading through it, I then remembered how you told me that space and astronomy are 2 different things, so I then went to look up the difference where I found out a little about it and 2 other terms, Astrophysics and cosmology.  Astronomy is the observation of space to understand it.  Astrophysics relates to the physical process of how space works.  Cosmology is the study of the universe’s beginning and evolution.  Wanting to know a bit more on Cosmology, I research ed it a bit more.  Though, I did not find that was worth much for me to jot down.  I then looked up NASA.  NASA stands for National Aeronautic and Space Administration. Looking through it, I found articles in relation to stars and galaxies, which I thought was cool.  For example, when galaxies collide with each other, they merge into one.  However, the galaxies NASA observed and was talking about were spinning to fast to merge, despite being a few thousand light years away from each other. Light years is a really large distance used to measure distance between spacial bodies.  For 2 galaxies to be that far from each other is still relatively close since many things in space tend to be much farther away.  Speaking of which, I I went to a website called “TV Tropes” to read about things relating to space.

When it comes to creating science fiction, some to a lot of aspects about is taken in artistic liberty. For example, in many science fiction media, spacecrafts are drawn with rockets propelling them to their destination.  This is false according to TV tropes because the rockets propelling the spacecraft only need to be on for turning and changing speeds.  That makes sense when reflecting that space is a vacuum with gas dispersed far from itself.  Since an object in motion stays in motion, rockets don’t need to be on for maintaining it’s speed.  Also, bodies in space is very much spaced out from each other, so looking out into space during space travel should look very empty sans a few stars in few similar to how we see stars in the night sky.  The reason for science fiction for showing space travel, spaceship fights, and such are for several reasons from lacks of research, to outdated sources, to using only parts of the facts about space to tell an interesting story.

Web sites used during research:

Human Gene augmentation

The reason that this topic interests me so much is that one, I see it as a close inevitability to be brought to the public stage, “designer babies” being one of the key ones popping up a lot in moral debates over whether it is moral or just to augment one’s child to something more appealing or desired by the parents such as sex/hair color. This topic merely covers the surface of what is possible, as when we get farther into devolving this technology, we may be able to augment a child who is infected with Hunting’s disease genome to where that child will no longer fear having that horrible illness, this  more then likely can only be done by gene therapy because of the fact that this disease is  the dominant gene making it unavoidable, just as like having a hip bone is. Now on the topic of Sci Fi, gene augmentation takes a new light, with that of splicing genes in to a chimera, and that of altering the human genome to new heights. Most Sci fi depictions have seen gene augmentation as ruling out all the weaknesses of humanity, making one smarter, stronger, quicker and ultimately seen as wiser because of this, but this brings up a lot of questions such as, if under taken, is one still human after the augmentation? How far can we go with this? should everyone be subject to it if it benefits so much? what other alternatives are there? and what if those augmented see those not as less humans because of it?

I would like to frame this presentation with the Warhammer 40k universe in mind as one of it’s mascots are the space marines, gene warriors forge to fight  for humanity and it’s Imperium. they possess traits that far out weigh normal humans, they are of course faster, stronger, “smarter”, they only need to sleep once every month, they spit acid, ect. now while they are vastly different then normal humans they still have that human element to them of individuality, some are incredibly set in their ways unable to break form them while others are more fluid, some are calculating machines while others are extremely empathetic, some even betray their vows and fail, like the W40k verse before even having gene soldiers they had self advancing machines that where feared by everyone but humans, until they ultimately turned on their masters, the men of iron they where called “The men of Iron” and the reason they where so scary was because they ate data, and that includes the raw data of space, they where ultimately stopped but so was humanity’s first space venture. Trying to define humanity by our blood is incredibly semantic and I believe the writers (for the most part…)as what ultimately binds us to humanity is our individuality and our takes on life since we all can travel since humanity is not really a concept set in stone or confined to a box, but more like and ever growing and branching tree.


Reflection: Man I feel like being given a project that is a choose what you want project is hard, actually addendum, having a short from project  that is like this is a bit hard for me since I want to grab very be concepts and go with them, but having a time crunch in class kinda shoots most of them down. then once I got one thing I really wanted to do and began writing, it changed, and it changed again, and again, etc. until I reached gene augmentation a concept that can be, for the most part explained in simple quick ways with depth. I also wanted to do something that could be more aligned with Sci Fi as most other concepts have been done in Fantasy tales, like aliens are just other races on different space rocks, different dimensions have the same Issue as they both delves in to the exact same concept , same with robots as magical constructs, or as the unfeeling undead/ demonic hoard. gene therapy is really the only thing that maybe “unique” in the sense that, in every fantasy tale has any augmentations being that of the soul or spirit which can be fought against and beaten. gene augmentation is something  a lot more permanent and can not be beaten with the strength of will  or wished away or some other mumbo jumbo. Plus I am really into self sacrifice themes as that shows an elevation in humanity. since gene augmentation is for the most part permanent, it draws me to it, and the whole risk versus reward and how each person is still and individual despite the augmentations is really fascinating to me. or when you have a character that has to make a sacrifice in order to save them selves from a different fate, that ether being an incurable illness or life as a peasant/ city rat is what I think really compels us to read and analyse a concept more closely, and that is what I really like most of Sci Fi is the far flung concepts on the horizon that will influence humanity and make us have deeper moral and philosophical principles.


Do we need marker gene studies in humans to improve clinical AAV gene therapy?

T Weber – Gene Therapy, 2017 –

[HTML] Gene therapy approaches for prevention of retinal degeneration in Usher syndrome

DS Williams, A Chadha, R Hazim, D Gibbs – Gene Therapy, 2017 –

Gene Augmentation Therapy Restores Retinal Function and … – NCBI 

What is gene therapy? – Genetics Home Reference

FAQ About Genetics, Disease Prevention and Treatment – National …

Hive Minds


Throughout the course, a lot of the readings have had a relevance to individuality and identity and the likes, and it really interested me. I was fascinated by how people became simple copy and pastes of the same, mindless being made to follow an agenda of the leading person or group, whether it was to keep some sort of peace, or to make everyone happy.  The lack of actual free will was something that kept showing itself. Brave New World and Nineteen Eighty-Four are just a couple of examples where the masses are made to think alike, or suffer the consequences.

Because of the lack of individuality and freedom in these situations, I came across “hive minds,” which in terms of Science Fiction, is defined as “a unified consciousness or intelligence formed by a number of alien individuals, the resulting consciousness typically exerting control over its constituent members.”  From what I have seen, hive mind scenarios in Science Fiction are closely related to dystopian societies and are depicted as totalitarian. It is generally not a good thing, but in reality, it can also be seen as efficient. An example being an eusocial insect colony. The queen orders around the workers and soldiers to do specific tasks. They live to serve the ruling power and get the job done. The topic of hive minds isn’t exactly new to me, but I never really found too much of an interest until now. After reading all those novels and short stories, I can’t help but to take interest in it.

While hive minds aren’t all bad, they typically are. The cordycep fungus infects the host, typically an insect, and removes it of its free will. It takes over the brain seizes control of the basic motor functions. They become zombie-like, and are even given the nickname “zombie insects.”  An extreme case of cordycep fungus are the “Clickers” from the game The Last Of Us. They do not serve a superior intelligence like a normal hive mind, but they recognize others of the same “situation.” It’s like a bunch of headless chickens.

Bad hive minds can still be very efficient though. The “flood” from the Halo series is an example of that. The flood are controlled by “Graveminds,” the ultimate intelligence of the species and control the lesser bodies infected. Being converted to the flood is seen as a honor by the Graveminds. Knowledge is also shared across every host body and can be compared to a network, where every host body is like a node.  As long as there are lesser bodies, a Gravemind can never truly die.

I believe that a true hive mind will always be an example of efficiency. While I would never want to be apart of the types of hive minds I discussed, I cannot deny that they are efficient. Even though the lesser beings in a hive mind give up their freedom and sense of self, they enter a network of vast intelligence shared with all. Luckily, not every hive mind goes to the extents that the flood does. Hive minds accomplish a specific goal with the help of others, consensual or not. Everyone will know everything. Knowledge literally becomes power.


The True Hive Mind – How Honeybee Colonies Think


When I first started, I dug into social norms and individuality. Things like how social norms define and effect societies and their inhabitants. But it was a bit too broad. A lot of things could be covered and I want to focus on one thing. When I was looking through new topics through individuality, I cam across hive minds. I immediately thought that it would be a good topic to choose. I read through articles and saw examples of hive minds and was reminded of some I saw in the past as well. I was really getting into it. It also helped that there was still an aspect of individuality in the topic of hive minds.

The more I looked into hive minds, the more I wanted it as my topic. The idea of doing everything for a “higher power” is kind of similar to our world.  In the past, people did things in the name of their god, morals be damned. A typical hive mind accomplishes it goal, and an extreme case will do it at any and all costs. The idea of efficiency came soon after. There is a clear goal, and it can be achieved, but through a length of time.

Parallel universes

For my final project, I’d like to research the concept of parallel universes. the connection of parallel universes, the proof, and our everyday lives, showing how parallel universe might be a possibility, and the proof might be right before our eyes.

A parallel universe is a hypothetical self-contained reality co-existing with one’s own ( I would like to explore the science behind parallel universes. in other words, proof that is out there showing its possible existence. I’ve seen multiple movies about parallel universes and inter-dimensional travel, Sliders and Doctor who for example. And this always interested me, we are surrounded by a vast number of universes and galaxies so many that we can’t even count. there’s a theory that it’s possible to travel between these universes to parallel realities without even realizing. Worlds that are just like our own but with slight changes. Perhaps there are other Universes with different versions of ourselves, different histories and alternate outcomes, than our own. In other worlds, would it be possible that there’s a Universe out there where everything happened exactly as it did in this one, except you did one tiny thing different, and hence had your life turn out incredibly different as a result?( 

ill list a few examples


 where you enter a situation, or do an action or see something, and get the feeling that it’s happened before. Even more strange is Deja vecu, which is the feeling that you know what’s going to happen next, too. Then there’s alter vu, which is when someone remembers their history differently. Even freakier in this case is that they realize the world around them is unfamiliar, because they recognize both the history they recall, and the one that’s unfolding around them at the same time. It’s like a more extreme version of Deja vu, with the implication that these feelings are perhaps actually €œmemories€ from other versions of ourselves, in other universes. (


The craziest part of our everyday lives nobody can explain, though are dreams. What the heck are dreams? Nobody knows. They could be the brain, as it rests, sorting through thoughts, memories and anxieties; they could just be the random firings of synapses; they could be some sort of mix of the two, the sleeping brain trying to put an assortment of images into a working narrative. The fourth option, meanwhile, is that entering REM sleep is the closest we can get to viewing the alternate worlds that are usually beyond our comprehension, like windows into other worlds. (


One of the more scientific explanations for the appearance of spectral, ghostly figures is that they’re something beyond the usual realm of human understanding, beings that we’re not usually attuned to, or who don’t usually make their presence known. In which case, they could be some bleed through from an alternate world or reality, a bunch of misfiring electrons that have landed on the wrong plane of existence. Or there could be an alternate universe populated by the deceased(


The Mandela Effect is one of the internet’s recently popular conspiracy theories that has been messing with all of our brains. This phenomenon is when thousands of people with no relation to each other have the exact same collective misremembering of the same event. Some think it may be due to the shifting of parallel universes. Perhaps we all once lived in a universe where things were slightly different and we still remember it that original way but are now in a reality where things are different. for example a popular household air freshener, “Febreeze” is seen by a lot of people every single day, but Since when was it spelled “febreze” with only one “e”? According to the Mandela effect if you remember it as “Febreeze” opposed to “Febreze” you might just be from different realities. (


for my updated proposal, I tried my best to make it clearer what my vision was. I listed examples of some of the things I could possibly present and tried to tie in back into the parallel universe theory. I’ve learned through research that there is a lot of hard core scientific research and lighter easier to comprehend examples out there. I’m very interested in both but in not sure what I should go deeper into, I don’t want my presentation to be boring, I want it to be exciting, interesting, an eye opener and a moment of realization for some. so I need the classes opinion on this one.


Cloning and Immortality as it pertains to Science Fiction

I have always been quite intrigued by the idea of cloning and immortality as it pertains to Science Fiction. The possibility of cloning humans by transplanting the nucleus of a somatic cell from a donor into an ovum which can then be replaced in a host womb has always attracted my attention.  As a more in depth analysis, cloning through the use of science fiction is done more as process to class individuals from birth so as to program them to think and operate a certain way and never deviate from this type of programmed thinking.  This is evident in the SF novel Brave New World. Within the context of the novel, babies are manufactured/created through a caste system. Some babies are taught from birth to run wild and naked and to be promiscuous with whoever they may come across. Others are placed on a mat which can electrocute them if they try to touch or reach for a flower or a plant that seems appealing to them.  By doing this, they are programmed from pretty early to think that plants and flowers and other things surrounding them are bad. Immortality being the second part of my proposal I endeavor to uncover some mysteries about it as pertains to Science Fiction. Immortality is a popular subject in science fiction, as it explores humanity’s deep- seated fears and comprehension of its own mortality. Immortal beings and species abound in fiction, especially fantasy fiction and the meaning of “immortal” tends to vary. Some fictional beings are completely immortal (or very nearly so) in that they are immune to death by injury, disease and age. Sometimes such powerful immortals can only be killed by each other, as is the case with the Q from the Star Trek series. Even if something can’t be killed, a common plot device involves putting an immortal being into a slumber or limbo, as is done with Morgoth in J. R. R. Tolkiens The Silmarillion and the Dreaming God of the Pathways to Darkness. Storytellers often make it a point to give weaknesses to even the most indestructible of beings. For instance, Superman is supposed to be invulnerable, yet his enemies were able to exploit his now-infamous weakness: Kryptonite. Immortality can be derived in many different forms, but the one aspect that it is most commonly evident with is Religion. For example, (2) two of the world’s most popular and recognizable religions are, Christianity and Islam, Both of which believes in eternal life or life after death with extreme varying views and ideologies. Within the context of Christianity, eternal life comes in two different forms. If a person live a holy life, is born again and follows the teachings of Jesus, he or she can enter into the Kingdom of Heaven walk the streets of gold and forever live a life free of pain and sorrow. Whereas one can also live a life that is completely null and void of what it takes to get into heaven but rather goes to hell where they will be succumb to the demise of burning forever and not dying.

Revised Proposal

So for this project I think I am going to go with artificial intelligence. I am thinking of choosing this topic because it is something we are surrounded by everyday, especially at this time and age where it is more advanced. Also as the years keep on passing it will get more advanced as well. Throughout the years when we first had cell phones we could only use it for basic stuff like calling or texting or even internet and we had to do all of those by ourselves. Nowadays if we say “Siri” or “google search” or some other thing on our smart phones it can perform functions like that and also other functions like calling, etc. It is because the phones have their own intelligence and we are using it for our needs. AI is also used in many other various uses like the military uses it or scientists uses it or others as well. Some aircrafts or weapons can function through artificial intelligence. It is interesting because AI can be both beneficial to humans or even have negative effects on humans. It can be beneficial because we use it for many uses and as we develop it and it gets to be more advanced it can be focused on bigger things like trying to prevent wars or help out with world hunger or even be used to develop new other things like better technology. The negatives about AI would be that it can overpower us if we are not too careful because since it is a concept or a being that is in the realm of intelligence than it can use that to do something that can be harmful or bad.

Since we have smart phones that contain artificial intelligence, that concept or idea can be used to create something a little similar like smart homes or smart factories which can than make countries who would be able to have that sort of technology in their possessions much more advanced and better as well. Not only does AI be able to operate in terms of data being used but it can also be able to learn by it’s ownself so that it can improve. It can even be possible that it would surpass human capabilities despite the fact that this was created by humans itself. Various countries like Singapore applies the concept of using AI which helped influenced the way they deal with the economics, schooling and other aspects of their society by use of data.





Reflection- So far I found this topic to be interesting because this is something that we deal with everyday. As I was doing research for this project I got to learn more about it and also was able to expand my knowledge on this topic as well. I was able to learn what positives and what negatives that artificial intelligence has to offer. Also it is interesting because of the way it has developed throughout the years. I remember growing up and it was not nearly as advanced but as I got older, it got to be really advanced and sophisticated. I am hoping in this project that I can learn more and there are still things I need to improve on also.

How do we Treat Sentient Robots?


As technology continue to evolve and in a few centuries there is no doubt that we will be able to build sentient robots. Sentient robots are intriguing since they will also be able reason and feel like a human being. Some of the science fiction theme when it comes to sentient robot is that they either come out as evil or humans imposing restriction on them. Sentient robot might or might not have the same mentality as a human being. The question is do we treat the robot the same as we treat other animals or species that are not related to us,? such as hunting them, making them pets, and even enslaving them.

Sentient robots might even take on human form and become an android. It is only when sentient robots has taken the form of a human being that we begin to question the ethics of sentience in robots. Questions is it morally right to create a whole race of sentient robot without any consent at all? Just like human being, sentient robot might also be unpredictable. Through all these drawbacks why create sentient robot at all and not just robots? It is because one day human creativity, intellligence, and uniqueness will become obsolete and who will fulfill that role, sentient robots. That comes back to the question of “do we have the right to control sentient robots, even when they feel ?” One thing is for certain, if sentient robots are self aware of their situation they will always obey their creators similarly to a child that must obey their parent.

In the emotion department, sentient robots will be able to feel what normal human would feel in certain situations. Emotion could be consider as a flaw for the sentient robots. Is it right to be able to tell the robot what to feel and how to react. This come to the moral dilemma of nature versus nurture. Do we implement our own ideas into the robots or do we let them think for themselves and learn for themselves? We can also think of the sentient robots as a child being shown a world that can be wonderful or a disaster and it mainly depend on how we treat the sentient robots. Questioning the moral status of the sentient robots, one direction human can go is treating the sentient robots just like livestock. The situation is very similar to the race with the human species. Encountering foreign things no matter if they only slightly different, human always tend to stray on a dark path and exploit the weakness of other beings. No doubt if sentient robots are introduce questions about ethics would be raised and sentient robots would maybe impossible to conceive due to human ethics. It would also raise the questions about “is it just creating life itself, just in different form than the flesh and blood that we human are?”There is a lot of ethical issues regarding the sentience of robots. One day it might come true, due to human curiosity.


In the writing of the revised proposal, I have changed many aspect of it from the draft. The draft proposal contained to many ideas to follow and it was just to general. In the revised proposal I have narrow it down by doing research based on the advice given in the comment in the proposal draft. The ideas I have came up with was more complex and more focus. In order to write this proposal I took one question from the proposal draft and expanded on it by doing research. The research led me to a more general ideas of sentient robots. As I began to dig more into the sentience of robots I found a good understanding of what the research should contain. In the process of the research, the idea of robot rights and ethics of sentient robot kept popping up. Though the research did led me where I wanted to be, it also showed other intresting topic to investigate. One thing that the research challenged was my patience. After getting used to every necessary information hand to me, the idea of research really tested my patience. There is always dead end and I for most of the time did not know what I was looking for until it was right in front of me. In the writing of this proposal I have ditch the idea of humanoid, because that is a subject on its own that need researching. While doing the research, I have come across many irrelevant ideas in google scholar but still manage to find sources that I was able to use. In city tech’s online library I was able to modify my search more narrower and find what I need. In the process of compiling the proposal I have ditch many of the ideas I have research because it wasn’t focused enough to be used. The proposal was all written in my own word though some ideas were taken from researching and used to make my point a bit more clear to the audience. Though still at this point I’m uncertain if the research was enough.


When I go to Mars I’m going to turn into a liquid!


Planetary colonization is a topic often discussed and explored in science fiction. The infinite expanse of space has made many dreamers wonder what possibilities lie in wait for us. And with a real world attempt to colonize Mars, the dream looks to be within our grasp. But this is still science fiction. What stops this topic of science fiction from being a reality. From the research that I have done there seems to be no end to the issues.

Science fiction often depicts a number of planets that are habitable. So that should mean that there are plentiful amounts of worlds that can support life. The sad truth to this is that such planets are few and far between. Life is delicate. Finding a planet that can support life is one of the hardest things to do. The fact that Earth can support life is similar to winning a few dozen lotteries. Thankfully we have technology. Our understanding of celestial bodes and their effects on our bodies continues to grow as we learn and explore more detailed discoveries. So how does our real world technology measure up to our science fiction stories? Assuming the story does not involve some ancient alien temple that just does so without explanation, this is done in a number of arduous steps. To be able to walk on the surface of Mars without the use of environmental suits, the planet would first need to support an environment that can support life. Behrokh Khoshnevis is a a professor in engineer at the University of Southern California and has given us his insight in the procedure to colonize Mars. In a CNN report he says that the first step is to establish key infrastructural buildings like landing pads and radiation protection. However the process is too dangerous and strenuous for human astronauts to go out to Mars just to be construction workers. These first few steps will require heavy labor on a remote planet that cannot support life. So the answer to this is to use robots to construct these buildings and facilities. Robots will play a key role in colonizing hostile environments like Mars. Given our current technology each motion the robot takes will have an 8 minute delay. While not helpful, it is something we can manage with our current technology. Despite this, it does mean that we can build infrastructure and other buildings without risking very expensive and skilled astronauts to the dangers and horrors of Mars.

Science fiction has a number of stories taking place on distant planets. An example of this is from the Borderlands series. The majority of the series takes place on the fictional planet of Pandora. There native wildlife have a habit of violently killing everyone who attempted to colonize the planet. So colonizing a planet that can’t support life may be a benefit if you do not have to concern yourself with native wildlife that enjoys new entrees in the local food chain. So the theory and practice of colonization is very interesting. It is the imagination of the infinite expanse of space and exploration. Then setting your roots down where few have traveled before.



After the initial proposal I realized I had a glaring problem with it. It doesn’t connect with science fiction. The proposal was just about planetary colonization and had no connection to science fiction. I thought to fix that in this revised proposal. Here’s the problem. I fixed it with a short paragraph. That’s not much of a fix, more like a patch job. It was also brought to my attention that citing my sources is a thing I should be doing so I did it. I drew a lot of this proposal from an interview that CNN did. Originally I wrote some steps that would lead to the colonization of a planet. I thought it was educated and well thought out. Then I realized that I was not an expert in the field and should probably look into a professional’s opinion on the topic as opposed to my educated guess. Thankfully the CNN interview is with a professor at the University of Southern California so that was miles better than the thought out nonsense that I came up with because I thought I was clever for some strange reason. So I used that interview to talk about the steps toward colonization. The interview also went into deeper detail about gravity and radiation but I thought that I was going on long enough about the subject and that I needed to move onto how this all relates to science fiction. When it comes to topics about science fiction I cannot find any sources that relate to science fiction and planetary colonization. To that I responded by trying to pull up a colonized planet from a science fiction setting that I have seen in popular media. The problem with that is the limit in my options. I prefer fantasy stories over science fiction so I don’t have that many options that I can think of. The only science fiction games I can think of are ones that my sister roped me into playing. The only two science fiction games that my sister has managed to drag me into and have something to do with planetary colonization is the Borderlands series and Destiny. The difference between the two is that Borderlands starts as a planet that can support life and involve colonists being destroyed and Destiny has this alien orb thing that makes all planets in the Milky Way a habitat that can support life.