Is there a recent rise female leads in science fiction movies?

For my proposal I was interested in researching female protagonist in science fiction. Most of the readings we did in class all semester were mostly male protagonist based stories and novels. Female characters played secondary roles. They were usually love interest or objects to the protagonist and society.
During my research I googled and went to the Cuny data base and typed the phrase “female protagonist in science fiction”. After some research, I found there was a sub-genre called feminist science fiction. This Genre focuses on theories that include but are not limited to gender, inequality, sexuality, race, economics, and reproduction. There has been recurring waves of feminist science fiction in television and movies.
I re-worded and looked up “female leads in science fiction movies”. Contemporary Science-Fiction Films during the 80s saw a huge rise in female leads in science fiction. Most notability Sigourney Weaver as Ripley, the warrant officer aboard the Nostromo. From my research I have found that Weaver role was originally written for a male character. She gain critical success and got nominated for a few prestige’s award in the film industry. Another Female lead was Linda Hamilton as Sarah Connor, the Terminator’s target who is soon to be the mother of the future Resistance leader John Connor. Tours the end of the decade there seem to be a decline in strong female leads. But most recently, in Hollywood the rise of strong female roles in science fiction movies have begun again. Movies such as The Hunger Games, Divergent, Star Wars, Guardians of the Galaxy, Star Trek, Terminator series, and Wonder Women. In TV, the new Hulu series The Handmaidens Tale. I want to narrow down my topic to “The recent rise of female leads in science fiction movies”.

http http://www.bfi.org.uk/news-opinion/news-bfi/lists/10-wonderful-sci-fi-

The 20 Greatest Female Characters In Sci-Fi And Fantasy

The Top 40 Kick-Ass Female Sci-Fi Characters


Johnson, Mandy. “Women as Action Heroes: Is Violence a Positive Direction for Females?”
Glamour (March 1994): 152-154.]
revues .org/sidelining women in contemporary science fiction films

Human Gene augmentation

The reason that this topic interests me so much is that one, I see it as a close inevitability to be brought to the public stage, “designer babies” being one of the key ones popping up a lot in moral debates over whether it is moral or just to augment one’s child to something more appealing or desired by the parents such as sex/hair color. This topic merely covers the surface of what is possible, as when we get farther into devolving this technology, we may be able to augment a child who is infected with Hunting’s disease genome to where that child will no longer fear having that horrible illness, this  more then likely can only be done by gene therapy because of the fact that this disease is  the dominant gene making it unavoidable, just as like having a hip bone is. Now on the topic of Sci Fi, gene augmentation takes a new light, with that of splicing genes in to a chimera, and that of altering the human genome to new heights. Most Sci fi depictions have seen gene augmentation as ruling out all the weaknesses of humanity, making one smarter, stronger, quicker and ultimately seen as wiser because of this, but this brings up a lot of questions such as, if under taken, is one still human after the augmentation? How far can we go with this? should everyone be subject to it if it benefits so much? what other alternatives are there? and what if those augmented see those not as less humans because of it?

I would like to frame this presentation with the Warhammer 40k universe in mind as one of it’s mascots are the space marines, gene warriors forge to fight  for humanity and it’s Imperium. they possess traits that far out weigh normal humans, they are of course faster, stronger, “smarter”, they only need to sleep once every month, they spit acid, ect. now while they are vastly different then normal humans they still have that human element to them of individuality, some are incredibly set in their ways unable to break form them while others are more fluid, some are calculating machines while others are extremely empathetic, some even betray their vows and fail, like humans.in the W40k verse before even having gene soldiers they had self advancing machines that where feared by everyone but humans, until they ultimately turned on their masters, the men of iron they where called “The men of Iron” and the reason they where so scary was because they ate data, and that includes the raw data of space, they where ultimately stopped but so was humanity’s first space venture. Trying to define humanity by our blood is incredibly semantic and I believe the writers (for the most part…)as what ultimately binds us to humanity is our individuality and our takes on life since we all can travel since humanity is not really a concept set in stone or confined to a box, but more like and ever growing and branching tree.

 

Reflection: Man I feel like being given a project that is a choose what you want project is hard, actually addendum, having a short from project  that is like this is a bit hard for me since I want to grab very be concepts and go with them, but having a time crunch in class kinda shoots most of them down. then once I got one thing I really wanted to do and began writing, it changed, and it changed again, and again, etc. until I reached gene augmentation a concept that can be, for the most part explained in simple quick ways with depth. I also wanted to do something that could be more aligned with Sci Fi as most other concepts have been done in Fantasy tales, like aliens are just other races on different space rocks, different dimensions have the same Issue as they both delves in to the exact same concept , same with robots as magical constructs, or as the unfeeling undead/ demonic hoard. gene therapy is really the only thing that maybe “unique” in the sense that, in every fantasy tale has any augmentations being that of the soul or spirit which can be fought against and beaten. gene augmentation is something  a lot more permanent and can not be beaten with the strength of will  or wished away or some other mumbo jumbo. Plus I am really into self sacrifice themes as that shows an elevation in humanity. since gene augmentation is for the most part permanent, it draws me to it, and the whole risk versus reward and how each person is still and individual despite the augmentations is really fascinating to me. or when you have a character that has to make a sacrifice in order to save them selves from a different fate, that ether being an incurable illness or life as a peasant/ city rat is what I think really compels us to read and analyse a concept more closely, and that is what I really like most of Sci Fi is the far flung concepts on the horizon that will influence humanity and make us have deeper moral and philosophical principles.

Sources:

Do we need marker gene studies in humans to improve clinical AAV gene therapy?

T Weber – Gene Therapy, 2017 – nature.com

[HTML] Gene therapy approaches for prevention of retinal degeneration in Usher syndrome

DS Williams, A Chadha, R Hazim, D Gibbs – Gene Therapy, 2017 – nature.com

Gene Augmentation Therapy Restores Retinal Function and … – NCBI

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26087757 

What is gene therapy? – Genetics Home Reference

https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/primer/therapy/genetherapy

FAQ About Genetics, Disease Prevention and Treatment – National …

https://www.genome.gov/19016938/faq-about-genetics-disease-prevention-and-treatment/

Human Vs Machines

i’m interested in this topic because i’m a computer major and at the same time i have a strong humanistic side. i don’t trust computer at all because they can make mistakes that can cost human lives,knowing that society is depending more of the machine rather than humans. soon every human will be replace at their work for a robot who cn performance a taks faster and chap than a human.

  ” Machine’ just landed in the workplace—they’re expanding skills, moving up the corporate ladder, showing awesome productivity and retention rates, and increasingly shoving aside their human counterparts. One multi-tasker bot, from Momentum Machines, can make (and flip) a gourmet hamburger in 10 seconds and could soon replace an entire McDonalds crew. A manufacturing device from Universal Robots doesn’t just solder, paint, screw, glue, and grasp—it builds new parts for itself on the fly when they wear out or bust.”

i will find  good text evidence where i can show and explain will clearly detail about this “war” between humand kind and Robots. my intention is to demostrate good and bad sides of the future technology that cna replace humans jobs and our life style can drastically change without people be aware of the damage that can this change can cause to the world.

Religion in Warrhammer 40,000’s Imperium of Man

Why does this interest me?: Religion in warhammer 40k has had far reaching effects on the overall universe, from the near collapse of the 2nd human empire, to how the lives of the common citizens are held under its grasp. Of note though, things where not always like this as for the most part the Imperium was secularist in its past. Also, the Imperial cult was made by one of the emperor’s sons whom was deeply religious, wrote a book about how the emperor should be a god, which he found to be appalling.

What does this have to do with sci fi?: while the “imperial cult” has its normal influences on the common folk such has common worship,pretty much anything being heresy, it really comes down to how technology is influenced. See in Warhammer 40k, innovation is seen has a sin because one does not know the ramifications of his own invention, and as such, any time something new is needed, it can only be built and used for a single purpose, and this use has to be specific to the point of OCD. A.I. is also seen as another sin due to one taking power into his own hands to make intelligence. though some A.Is are allowed as the form of “machine spirits” which are amalgamations of machine and some organic material, in order form them to work one must chant “prayers” to them in order from them to work, or to be less temperamental. a good way of viewing them is a sort of chained A.I. that is to say, they do have some sentience and can gain complete autonomy if told to self destruct.

Sources: Horus Heresy Mechanicum army list. Warhammer 40,000 7th edition. the Horus Heresy novel series.

Parralel Universes & the mandela effect

I’ve seen multiple movies about parallel universes and inter-dimensional travel. And this always interested me, we are surrounded by a vast number of universes and galaxies so many that we can’t even count. theres a theory that its possible to travel between these universes to parallel realities without even realizing. Worlds that are just like our own but with slight changes.

If you’ve ever been to the “dark side” of youtube, you might have heard of the mandela effect.The Mandela effect is the belief that there are  differences between one’s memories and the real world, which is caused by changes to past events in the timeline. Many Mandela effect believers believe it is caused by accidental travel between alternate universes.

for my project, id like to connect both parallel universes and the Mandela effect to ur everyday lives.

Social Norms in Science Fiction

So far, most Science Fiction stories seem to have some type of social norm that people keep up with. With the social norms comes a sense of individuality that is closely linked to these norms. Each story has its own definition of it. For example, in Brave New World, the “individuality” in the alphas wasn’t actually much different from the social norms set up. They acted within the parameters of an alpha. In Nineteen Eighty-Four, individuality was there, but was not encouraged in the slightest. In fact it was punished.

Usually, these social norms are set up by the ruling party or faction in the world/society. When following the norm is enforced and acting out of it is punished, it becomes much more. It ends up as rules to live by, or else.

I would like to explore deeper into the social norms in Sci-Fi societies. I want to contrast them to the social norms of our current world. Obviously there are many stories in which the social norms are very similar to our own, but I want to know more about the ones that aren’t. The extreme cases and the minor.

Artificial Intelligence: End of Days or Step Forward

Artificial Intelligence has been introduced in many books, movies, animated cartoons in the last century. During those amazing stories, AI has it positive and negative affect on people, and the environment that makes people believe can this be possible in our reality. Currently, AI does exist in our reality and our everyday life, but it’s in the infancy stage. Currently, AI is described as Narrow AI or Weak AI which control facial recognition or even driving an automobile. With all these science fiction stories around AI, were all these authors foretelling the future of multi-possible outcomes to the advancement of AI.

While watching Westworld, the character by the name of Dr. Ford stated a comment that resonated with me, “Evolution forged the entirety of sentient life on this planet using only one tool The mistake. I flattered myself we were taking a more disciplined approach here. I suppose self-delusion is a gift of natural selection as well. Indeed it is. But, of course, we’ve managed to slip evolution’s leash now, haven’t we? We can cure any disease, keep even the weakest of us alive, and, you know, one fine day perhaps we shall even resurrect the dead. Call forth Lazarus from his cave. Do you know what that means? It means that we‘re done. That this is as good as we’re going to get” (41:50). It seems that we are on the verge of heading down this road, but we are still unaware of what outcome we will end up with once we reach our goal. The questions that I would like to explore comes from a few different angles that can help guide to understanding the outcome of our fictional stories coming to reality.

Good: When AI comes to full bloom in our reality, there a high possibility that we would have created a sentient being that surpasses our intelligence. Which can be a tool to help deal with the other issue like world hunger or even advancement in the medical science like in the movie Bicentennial Man.

Bad: Creating AI to control weapons system can have an adverse effect on the world and the survival of the human race.

Ugly: Creating sentient beings that can possibly replace the human race on many levels such as longevity and intelligence.

Science Fiction author seems to have prophesized about AI from many angles, but who would have known. Based on the statements above, will we be too smart for own good or will this be stepping stone for evolution?

Doppelganger and its use in SF

Doppelganger, is a very interesting word to any reader who comes across it for the first time, but it simply means (“double goer”) is a look alike or the double of another living person sometimes portrayed as a paranormal phenomenon, and is usually seen as a harbinger of bad luck. In other traditions and stories, they recognize one’s double goer as an evil twin. I find this to be a very intriguing and interesting topic because not only in Science Fiction but also in reality persons who are born as identical twins sometimes share complete opposing views on life or the way one may look at something differently in a negative way, of, or relating to do criminal acts. In Science Fiction it is much different. We can see one person change into so many different characters weather good or bad so as to gain his or her own triumphs through ulterior motives.

As it turns out, Mars has no wi-fi.

Colonization has been a turning stone of many civilizations. It has been primarily been to the benefit of the colonists and unbeneficial to the natives. Now that earth has no place left to colonize all we can do now is look to the stars. Well the celestial bodies surrounding stars to be more precise. Humanity has only ever known a single planet. Actually we only know a lot about the surface and very little about beneath the surface and the bottom of the oceans. One of the best parts about colonizing other planets is the lack of native inhabitants. Or at least a lack of inhabitants that we know of.

As we humans scrape by the edge between survival and mass destruction, we search for new horizons. Preferably horizons that won’t see calamity. New lands untouched by human hands. That is the dream of many who are have dreams beyond our atmosphere and of people who are quickly realizing that earth is a lost cause and should think about leaving it. As far as I know, plans and preparations are being made to colonize the first planet, Mars. While we have a firm understanding of Mars, there exists a countless number of other planets to explore. It is often glanced over but such possibilities have been explored in the realm of science fiction. But the topic is incredibly complex and interesting.

Robots and Artificial Intelligence (draft)

If robots are build with enough artificial intelligence that they become sentient, the world would change. Robots are interesting, to be able to preform task that normally human would do. There are wide range of robots that are used to accomplish task set forth by humans. The type of robot that interest me the most is humanoid robots or androids, because they are the most versatile robots. Humanoid robots has human’s physical characteristic to help it operate in a world that is build by humans.Humanoid robots combine with enough artificial intelligence that make them sentient, will question the value of life.

Will sentient humanoid robots ever replace humans and human’s unpredictable actions? For example if  sentient humanoid robots were created and we sent them to war, labor camp, and enslaved them. Is it morally right to enslave a sentient being that we created? Will one day sentient humanoid robots replace human, due to human becoming inefficient? Humanoid robots will require immense amount of work to create, from the sensor such as human touch and feel to motor movement of fingers and the small expression human make due to emotions. Humanoid robots are mostly perceive to be dangerous in many science fiction literature, if the robot is sentient anything can be expected.

The article https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/dec/31/erica-the-most-beautiful-and-intelligent-android-ever-leads-japans-robot-revolution, shows that we are closing the gap in making a functioning humanoid robot. They develop the robot to mimic human speech and the human physical feature. This robot will soon transform into something indistinguishable from human.