Reminder: Research Projects due tomorrow

Just a friendly reminder that all parts of your research project are due tomorrow, Tu 5/13, and that you should:

  • Bring to class a folder with the final draft of your Research Proposal/Annotated Bibliography (along with all previous drafts/peer review comments/my feedback) & your Research Project Reflection)
  • E-mail me three files before class begins: 1) final draft of Research Proposal/Annotated Bibliography (as one file, proposal on first page, annotated bibliography after that); 2) your Research Project reflection; 3) your Presentation file. You can attach all of them in one e-mail, but they should be three separate files, each clearly/correctly labeled. If you do not submit them before class tomorrow, you will receive no credit for your work (late e-mails/files will not be accepted).
  • Come to class early to load your presentation onto the classroom computer, and be ready to start presentations promptly at 2:30pm.


I strongly suggest that you review the guidelines/expectations/formatting for the various parts of the Research Project before you submit.

We will also be celebrating the end of the semester, so please feel free to bring in snacks to share with the class and we can enjoy refreshments during the presentations (I will bring in some goodies as well). Looking forward to your presentations tomorrow 🙂

Reminder: Revisions of Research Project due Tu 4/29

Hi everyone:I hope that you enjoyed your spring break, and that your research projects are going well.

For our next class on Tuesday, please bring your printed sources (articles, books, etc.) as well as a laptop/tablet if you have access to one.

I’ve read through/provided comments (as a “reply” to your posts) on all work submitted this week. As it states on the Schedule, you should do a revision of your research proposal (now, your 3rd draft, if you have done all of the assignments) and a six source annotated bibliography (a revision/extension of the work you did over the break).

Keep in mind that you are not writing an essay/paper, but a fully revised research proposal/annotated bibliography according to the guidelines/expectations provided for this Research Project. Make sure to follow the guidelines and to use my feedback on your various drafts as you revise. (Some of you didn’t turn in drafts, or didn’t included annotations with your sources, so I wasn’t able to provide feedback: it is very important going forward that you submit the entire assignment so you can get helpful/substantive feedback on it from me and your peers). Also, remember that, while you only have to submit a six-source annotated bibliography, you need to consult/read/consider many more sources in order to become an “expert” in your topic.

This next draft is due Tuesday (4/29) by the start of class: bring four printed copies to class and e-mail it to me (as one file, clearly labeled) before class begins. You do not have to post this next draft to OpenLab.

In class we will peer review/workshop these drafts, and move towards your final drafts which are due the following week. We will also discuss how to give effective presentations, as you will presenting your research projects/findings/arguments to the class on 5/8 and 5/15.

See you soon!

Professor Belli

Annotated Bibliography

RFID implants: The Benefit vs. The dangers
Author- Warren Mass
Publication date- February.21,2014
Are the RFID biochip implants in humans being used for personal matters?
Authors-Mark Roberti
Publication date- April.4,2014
Could the mark of the beast look like this barcode on steroids?
Author- Mark Martin
Publication date- April.3,2014

What are the good and bad effects of Facebook for students?

Keeping in touch with family and friends- Facebook is a great way to keep in touch with your family and friends that live far away. With instant messaging and even video chat, Facebook is the perfect place to stay connected. With the status updates, photos, and profile information, it can keep you up to date on the happenings of all of your close ones.
Making new friends- Facebook makes meeting new people extremely easy due to the fact that it allows you to add up to thousands of friends, and acts as a social melting pot of the internet. If you comment on someone’s picture then someone else but at the same time you gotta know when to stop using it and do the most important things.

Nearly 85 percent of college students log on to Facebook every day according to “”The social networking site has become an addiction for many. Instead of students concentrating on their homework or studying for a big test the next day, they are spending hours looking through pictures, answering their page comments, and chatting with friends on the site’s instant messenger. Facebook has consumed good grades and face-to-face communication is in jeopardy. when we are connected online there is always something to talk about but when we are face 2 face its like there is nothing to talk about and it’s almost becomes awkward to make conversations with each out social media is really coming in between us and our real friends because we have lost what it means to have a normal conversation with out the social media.some time Facebook it’s taking total control over us and what we have to do. “Doing my homework is important to me,” Pines says. “But I can’t help getting caught up in the world of Facebook. it is like there is something about it that can’t be resisted. “Social networking sites, specifically Facebook, effects students’ face-to-face communication,” Gavin said. “They often forget how to communicate correctly with people in person.”Employers are less than satisfied with the face-to-face communication skills of recent graduates according to The social networking site of Facebook does not allow for active communication. Professor Craig Fox of the philosophy department is worried that the shorter attention-grabbing bursts of communication on Facebook could be taken as a detrimental model for all communications.

Cyber-bullying- On Facebook it is very easy for cyber bullies to thrive. They can harass and/or gang up on one person even easier than they could in a school environment. There aren’t moderators that go around monitoring what people say to each other. Anything can be said. There are also a relatively small amount of parents that have Facebook accounts and keep up with their children’s. More than once I’ve witnessed this form of bullying, whether it be about race, appearance, intelligence, etc.

Ruined relationships- Facebook is notorious for causing couples to break up. Let’s face it, no one wants to see their girlfriend/boyfriend telling other people that they look cute, or liking their pictures, or instant messaging them constantly. It builds up jealousy, which causes quite a bit of tension in a relationship. The fact that many people try to hook up with others over Facebook while not realizing that these people are in a relationship doesn’t help the issue. Insecurity- Facebook is a cause for insecurities due to the fact that it makes people compare themselves to others. How can you not when all you see is pictures of your friends and acquaintances on your news feed?


first:yahoo answers:the negative effect of Facebook

second :cal time

Facebook has negative effects on students

by Marlee Shaulis November,16,2011


Don’t be the next one get addicted to internet game, Say no

In the resent years, as Internet has rapidly growth, it is progressively changing the way we work, lifestyle, entertainment and communicative way, but there are also many problems has created in the online network. Some of these problems can affect people’s health. One of these issues is the young people immersed on the online digital games and cause unhealthy and other issues.

Network is just like a double-edged sword, which means have two sides. One of the sides is beautiful thing, the other side must have bad thing.  Especially for the young Students are easily addicted to online video games. Once they get addicted, they will have a strong desirable for more and psychological dependence on the games. They will think about their games all the time, because the game is just like the drug. Moreover, Students will show up emotional irritability, depression and other symptoms if they cannot play game. Teenage indulged in playing online video games have a lot of risks which like the vision and nerve damage, decreased flexibility of the brain and affecting academic performance, or even criminal behavior. In addition, some unscrupulous websites, filled with violence, pornography and other undesirable information.

Of course, online games are not always on the bad side. Right amount to play the game is to relax as a healthy activity. When the people free of work or study, they can play some games to relax. In addition, some games also benefit in our thinking, and make us smarter. It’s just like people drink alcohol, doctor suggestion drink less good for our health, not too much.

All in all, everything has two sides, such as online games, the key is that our players how to look at it and use it. depends how to use online games to enrich their own lives are concerned about their own. Smart people will use online games to adjust their lives, make life more interesting.





Annotated Bibliography


Online game addiction rising, counsellors warn by Owen Bowcott , The Guardian, Thursday 8 October 2009 14.47 EDT

~In this article is about the young people get addictive cyber game has increasing. If the game players focus heavily on the game, they will forget to eat and sleep while they are playing the games,said by the therapists. Not only that, Addiction with online game are wasting time, money and damaging the player health.

Annotated Bibliography: 3 sources

1 Source-

This article written by Michael J. Breus, Ph. D. is about some of the affects using technology before bed can cause. Michael talks about the different ways we are distracted by technology and how it keeps us from sleeping and how it can affect the way we act.

2 Source-

This newspaper article is written by Michelle Castillo, the article is about how important getting a good night sleep is and how its recomended we get it. In the article there are polls of the national sleep foundation that back up the article itself.The article itself explaines how scientist recommed on getting a proper sleep schedual and staying away from any devices that have bright lights and that may distract us from our sleep.

3 Source-

This article written by Eric Lyday is about how staying awake with gadgets on our laps or hands can seriousl mess with our sleep cycle and mess up our physical and mental health, wheather its in the way we look, stress or feel, these electronic devices take over and are the thingstake up most of our time throughout the day because its something used in our day life. Throughout the article it is explined how it is important to keeo away from lighting screens that may keep us away and mess our cycle up and then screw our sleep schedual. It is also explained what type of things can be affected and what things may be the cause to sleep deprivation or insomnia due to electronic use before bed.

Social Media and the Arab Spring

It has being a phenomenon in most countries  including those in the middle east for armed soldiers to guard the national Radio and Television buildings apparently to protect the country’s formidable broadcast assets from being commandeered in an attempted revolutions or mutiny. However, this well secured institutions are no longer the prime medium to express or disseminate information. The Internet in particular opens a new communications channel, both in terms of accessing other peoples’ ideas and in terms of individual expression. Social media came to be used to generate awareness campaigns of many types, by individuals, organizations, movements, and even governments. The influence of the social media came to display  during the Arab Spring, allowing crowd sourcing, coordination of large-scale protests, scheduling demonstrations through  Facebook messages and globally communicating up-to-the-minute updates through Twitter.

The advent of the social media breaks the psychological barrier of fear by helping many to connect and share information. It gives most people in the Arab world the knowledge that they are not alone, that there are others experiencing just as much brutality, hardships, and lack of justice. Perhaps nowhere have the attempts to use social media to promote the principles of democracy in new ways been more visible than in Tunisia and Egypt, where Facebook and Twitter have been used to quickly disseminate information and instructions that the government has not been able to control. Some believe that the new social media have created a new process for revolution. The process begins when someone establishes a page on Facebook, which is seen by various users, who then comment on it and begin interacting with each other. Once the group is solidified, users begin posting pictures, video footage, and links to YouTube. As this happens, news and comments also begins to appear on Twitter, ever expanding the network of people who are linked in to debates about these events and images. Since the network is not limited geographically, the scope can quickly become global. While this process can be promising in terms of reaching large numbers of people very quickly and creating instantaneous reactions, it also carries the inherent danger of being used to perpetuate sectarianism, tribalism, regionalism, racism, sexism, and discrimination through the proliferation of extremist. It must be recalled that Facebook is not the private domain of enlightened values or democratic ideals. The reality of an open source is that it is open to everyone and anyone who cares to access and comment on it, whether constructively or destructively. Thus, there is the potential for both democratic change and retrograde reactionism that can have serious political and economic repercussions, and for both building and fracturing social cohesion.

It is estimated that more than 3 million tweets, gigabytes of YouTube content and thousands of blog posts, were recorded during the Arab Spring.  Conversations about revolution often precedes major events, and social media has carried inspiring stories of protest across international borders. evidence suggests that social media carried a cascade of messages about freedom and democracy across North Africa and the Middle East, and helped raise expectations for the success of political uprising, like Philip Howard, the project leader and an associate professor in communication at the University of Washington put it “People who shared interest in democracy built extensive social networks and organized political action. Social media became a critical part of the toolkit for greater freedom.”

During the week before Egyptian president Hosni Mubaraks resignation, for example, the total rate of tweets from Egypt and around the world about political change in that country ballooned from 2,300 a day to 230,000 a day.  Videos featuring protest and political commentary went viral, the top 23 videos received nearly 5.5 million views. The amount of content produced online by opposition groups, in Facebook and political blogs, increases dramatically.

“Twitter offers us the clearest evidence of where individuals engaging in democratic conversations were located during the revolutions,” Howard said.  Twitter provides a window into the broader world of digital conversations, many of which probably involved cell phones to send text, pictures or voice messages, he said.  In Tunisia, for example, less than 20 percent of the population uses social media, but almost everyone has access to a mobile phone. The outcomes of the revolutions in the middle east has brought down dictatorial governments out of power in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt.

Social media has come to stay. The phenomenon can only get bigger and better. Regimes should be more concerned with how to exploit this media positively in governance rather than seeing it as a weapon in the hands of the people they govern. If leaders are transparent and honest they should not be afraid of the social media. An attempt to gag people is only a prelude to anarchy which could culminate in a violent revolution.


Saleem  Kassim (July 3, 2012). Twitter revolution how the Arab spring was helped by social media. Retrieved April 18, 2014 from

Catherine O’Donnell (September 12, 2011). New study quantifies use of social media in Arab Spring. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from

Ramesh Srinivasan (October 29 2012). Taking power through technology in the Arab Spring. Retrieved April 20, 2014 from

Social media Vs. Teens

Many kids in this generation have social media. Kids are starting to have social media from a very young age resulting them to think that everything they see on social networks is right and  they should follow. Kids consume all there time on social medias not taking in any information from school or knowledge from everyday life.

Social media affecting teens’ concepts of friendship, intimacy

Young people feel socially supported by having large networks of on-line friends they may never see

By Pauline Dakin, CBC News Posted: Feb 24, 2014 5:00 AM ET Last Updated: Feb 25, 2014 11:27 AM ET


  •     It’s an article that deals with how much time kids consume on social media. Teens tend to have a lot of followers on social networks, a lot of them being there just to show that your popluar. Many of those followers you don’t even know but you feel happy with them following you. You tend to have this fake connection with someone thats in another country to feel better about yourself. It’s good at some points but then you can’t connect to someone on a real level and have a normal conversation because yet again your so consume by social media that you forget whats going on.

Teens on social media’s impact on relationships: Survey

by  on January 23, 2014 in FeaturedNetFamilyNews
  •  Social media affects the relationship your in! In my experiences social media as a huge impact because your relationship is not private its public. People will try to get in the way between you and your partner, it happened to me in the pass. In social media people tend to act different because there not face to face with you, people will lie and provoke you to certain extents. Social media is negative in some teens because teens want to use in a negative way by trying to break a relationship up by posting up a picture or a message.


The upside of selfies: Social media isn’t all bad for kids

By Kelly Wallace, CNN
updated 4:38 PM EST, Fri November 22, 2013
Social media might have just won this battle with teens. It is positive because it builds the self esteem of kids and nowadays everyone needs a boost of self esteem. social media is very back and forth but you just have to see how you view it.

Lack of Privacy Online

As the internet gains it’s popularity over the years, it is also gaining more and more users. Most users are not aware of what they do online. The lack of privacy online is increasing especially on social media sites such as Facebook, twitter, instagram, etc. Many users are becoming concerned that most of the things they do online are being monitored and they fear that they may have no privacy while they are online. Now people have gained the opportunity to access any kind of information about anything or anyone with the help of the internet. Internet privacy is an interesting topic because most people ignore how much privacy they have while using the internet until they realize it is too late. Today’s society with so many social media sites such as Facebook include many personal information and that information can be tracked and used by other people without the owner knowing about it, but some may know about it which then becomes a privacy concern for them. Online shopping is another factor to think about because the shopper doesn’t know if their credit card information is safe online. Many people’s credit card info has been stolen by other online users because may be the site they were using was not safe. One way to  avoid those problems is to find out if the site they are using is safe or not and if the site is asking for too many personal information, the user should stop using the site. Young people, especially teenagers are less worried about privacy because they don’t really think about the consequences, they just want to have fun with what they do online. Privacy has become a great issue for online users now that personal information is easy to be used by other people.

There are many questions and concerns about online privacy and those questions may include topics such as the users information being kept private only to the user or if the website they are using is safe or not and etc. Many of those questions can be answered by doing some research about it. Since online privacy has become a big issue around the world, many people and journals have written about this issue to inform internet users and people who are interested in learning more about the issue. Some sources that have come across while doing this research were about Facebook privacy, users accepting lack of privacy on the internet, and about privacy vanishing online. According to source, “many employers use Facebook profiles to screen job applicants,” Facebook users can be judged by their profile. The source states that “your inappropriate Facebook profile, posts, and photos could lose you your next job, many employers are using the Facebook profiles of job candidates to filter out weaker applicants based on perception of life style, attitudes and personal appearance.” Facebook is open to many people around the world and users information can be looked at by anyone. based on source titled “One in two users accepts a lack of privacy on internet,” young people generally are less worried about privacy and women are more concerned about protecting their privacy than men. The source also states that young people are more active users. Another source titled “How privacy vanishes online” mentions that “Allessandro Acquisti and Ralph Gross reported that they could accurately predict the full, nine digit social security numbers for 8.5 percent of the people born in the united states between 1989 and 2003.” The lack of privacy online is increasing as technology advances.

Annotated Sources:

“Many employers use Facebook profiles to screen job applicants”                                         Inderscience Publishers                                                                                                         July 23, 2012                                                                                                                 

This article is about employers judging job seekers based on their online activities. Facebook profiles, posts, photos, their lifestyle, attitudes and personal appearance may be the reasons a person will not be accepted to a job. This article provides the readers with many Facebook privacy information that users may not have known about. It can’t be denied that many people are being judged by their Facebook profile because their profile is basically who they are and what they do unless its a fake profile. Its kind of mind blowing that employers look at people’s social media accounts to make the decision of hiring them or not to hire them. While they do that, they don’t really care about the person’s privacy because the person doesn’t know about it. Most people would agree that if this happened to them, their privacy rights are being violated by unknown people. And this kind of activity would leave the internet users concerned and raise questions weather the internet is safe or not. People that use the internet and people who have social media accounts, should really be careful and mindful of what they do online because they can be judged and misunderstood based on their online activities.


“One in two users accepts a lack of privacy on internet”                                                         University of Zurich                                                                                                                   December 10, 2013                                                                                                       

This article is about internet usage in general and in Switzerland. Based on the article, study results show that young people are less worried about privacy and in general, women are more concerned about protecting their privacy than men. Its surprising that a million people in Switzerland including aged 14 years or over still don’t surf the web because they are not interested or don’t see any use for it. One question that comes across reading this article is that why are men less concerned about protecting their privacy than women? It may be because women are more likely to be targeted by others such as strangers and there might be other reasons why its that way and why men are less concerned. The internet is used differently by different age groups. Older people use it very differently than young people because they are not used to these advanced technology and the younger generation are more active users and they use it more often. Also young people tend to accept the lack of internet privacy more than older people.


“How privacy vanishes online”                                                                                                 The New York Times         Steve Lohr                                                                                  march 16, 2010                                                                                                              

In this article, Steve Lohr writes about how privacy is slowly vanishing online. He also writes that a person doesn’t have to give someone their social security number and e- mail address to give away their personal information because those are not the only personal information about a person. Those that use the internet, especially social media sites have all sorts of their personal information open to others. Not only that, the internet can collect a person’s information and create a picture of a person’s identity and even their social security number which may seem impossible but is possible. The article says that “you may not disclose personal information, but your friends and colleagues may do it for you, referring to your school, or employer, gender, location, and interests.” This happens to many people and it leads to many unwanted situations like break up between friendship and more. People don’t realize that they put so many personal information online unless they do it purposely. In the modern world today there are many sites that people use and give their information to and don’t realize how their privacy is being invaded by others.

The Image That Lasts

Over the past twenty years the artworld has been transformed by technology. New trends have emerged to steal the spotlight from the traditional landscapes and portraits. Not only is much of it recorded digitally, presentation is changing. Some experts believe this is the art for the masses, especially this texting, tweeting gadget loving generation. The new phenomenon is art that many can relate to, if not produce. Creating art is no longer only for the truly talented and artistic, but concept and presentation are now just as important. Not only are more people attempting to create and show art but the avenues have widened, giving more opportunity. Galleries and Museums are really involved at this point but it took a while to get there. The answer as to whether these works will last is not known. Appreciation of new art is not always established this quickly and it suggests a lasting legacy. With the growing interest, there must be solutions to its unique issues of preservation.

The image of acceptable fine art has changed dramatically. In a late 1990s’ article titled “But is it art?”, an LA gallery owner John Mattheisen said, “I think people buy work based on two things: what art critics say and personal taste.” He hinted that the art was not praised yet therefore prices very low. This in turn would effect where it was shown or sold and whether it would be collectable. Traditional artists are proven sellers and new art has to prove itself. As strange as it seems, “one stumbling block keeping critics, curators and artists embracing this artform is that many have a hard time defining exactly what digital art is.”(Sullivan, Terry)

The social aspects of the accessability and possible personal involvement is so meaningful. It is conceivable to create using work from history and an original, then digitally record something that lasts forever. Actually the possibilities are endless because sharing is possible with these tools. And in ten minutes a piece of art can be seen all over the world. The concepts and surfaces are changing. This is new and very interesting.

Throughout history traditional fine art defined many cultures. Preservation and restoration has been key in keeping these images alive. When many of these treasures were created, they were not sought after or even seen. Many of the so-called masters were not recognized till after they died. Fixing and repairing art is an art that took many years to develop. It takes time to realize the success of making sure something lasts. Knowing how to keep this new art whole is going to take time. Fortunately, the experimentation has exposed people to many new ideas. Collaborative art and work that you interact with is very popular. By creating these installations, permanence is clearly not so important. It seems as if the concept and experience as displayed may be it. Perhaps endurance is in its strength as far as vision not permanence. There seems to be evidence that this is the case.

As recent as 2011, the Museum of Modern Art in New York City had a show that allowed the people attending to interact with the art. Many of the pieces showcased were design driven concepts to be accessed digitally, as well as viewed on site. As quoted in a New York Times article; MOMAs’ senior curator Paola Antonelli described the event as an answer to a current phenomenon, “pancommunication–everything and everybody conveying content and meaning in all possible combinations.”(Rosenberg, Karen) There were special galleries created for exhibitions of work including robots, charts and information systems, video games and chattering objects. People visiting could interact on their cellphones by scanning in a special code that in turn called up a website. If a viewers phone wasn’t compatible, MOMA arranged for viewing on their own website. “Talk to Me: Design and the Communication Between People and Objects” was considered an exceptionally smart show. It was truly innovative and well received, “one of the smartest design shows in years–by which I mean it’s intelligent but also that it is made for the texting, tweeting, social-networking, down-app loading, smartphone-weilding museumgoer.” (Rosenberg, Karen)

Since the days when artists just incorporated digital visuals into their work, the universal use of technology has changed communication. Perhaps shows like this have become standard in the museum world. When people can physically touch a piece of art or speak to it, there is a bond made. Chuck Close is a well known artist who create portraits that look like giant digital paintings. Way before we incorporated computers as tools for artists, he painted these awesome images. He is actually experimenting with computers and pushing his images to be seen in a different light. “It’s wonderfully complicated because you’re building an image,” he says about his new found technique. Not only do these experiments invite raw untested talent but the established artist. “There’s been an explosion of creativity during the last decade as many artists are exploring the technologies and what boundaries they can push,” said Ronald Lobaco, curator of “Out of Hand: Materializing the Postdigital” shown at The Museum of Arts and Design in New York. This recent exhibition included many internationally known artists including frank Stella, Daniel Libeskind and Hiroshi Sugimoto. This may be what digital art is, the ability to express as never before.


Rosenberg, Karen. Art That Interacts If You Interface. New York Times 29 July. 2011. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 16 Apr. 2014.

Using this article to help me show the success these new artforms are having. Because the writer reviewed the show, I was able to gather information and opinions of others as well. I did not want this paper to really have my opinion because I am a trained artist and have very strong feelings. Although I appreciate the growth of any idea, it may not be my thing. As we can see this is no longer just some new fad but an established movement so to speak in terms of art and business. When the big money museums are involved that indicates stability. In this article, she was very thorough and established a couple of view points.
In this article, specifics about the works were included and I may highlight a couple in my paper. Since this show was one of the biggest and most successful of this time, it introduced many people to the not so specific genre. Getting the general public and young people involved has surely had an affect on creation. It really enabled me to understand the possibilities for exhibiting an interactive show. Also, several reactions from people helped me to understand the viewers opinion.

Sullivan, Terry. But is it art? Photo District News. June. 99, Vol 19.6.

This was an extremely interesting article that included a review of a Christies Auction Event. This auction house has been known for the expensive art and treasures. This was one of the first events that showed digital anything. The response was mixed but the people seem to see a possible future in the popularity of this type of art. Indicated in the article are the questions of longevity both physically and in terms of popularity. because it was written some time ago, the relevance of this article is obvious for me to establish some sense of time….in terms of growth.
Having information that was put out over a decade ago is vital to this research topic. The atmosphere at that time, I can almost remember and having documentation means so much. It seems like this was almost the beginning of the phase we are in. What was called digital has evolved to include so many different techniques. The question that they ask in the title has been answered somewhat, in the way things have changed. Very important to show in writing an effective paper.

Sheets, Hilarie M. Artists take up digital tools. New York Times 27 Oct. 2013.
Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 16 April. 2014.

I used this article for information regarding an art show involving established artists using technology, perhaps for the first time. Some of the artists mentioned are very famous for their work before the digital boom. They discuss with excitement the addition of digital techniques they are now working with. Although very established on an international level, they are changing the pictures and images they have worked so hard to get. It is important to understand the artists view and acceptance of these tools. It is a risk that does not have to be taken but artists by nature seem to be experimental. This group validates the new art and techniques that were questioned not so long ago. Although a short article, the interview of Chuck Close was fascinating. I have always admired him for several reasons. He is severely handicapped and his painting style has always involved so much detail. In fact, the technology today lends to his style and technique visually. But the best thing for him is the physical access he now has.