Category Archives: Class Notes

Notes for Today 11/07/2017 (Terry will continue it)

I volunteered to help Terry with the notes today, no biggie!

Pinch Hitting-  Something to do with baseball; In baseball, a pinch hitter is a substitute batter. Batters can be substituted at any time while the ball is dead (not in active play). 

Free Writing: Counted as a quiz guys!! ( Write about a theme or recurring theme; idea of narrator’s story telling.) Her way of telling a story, writing, thinking, etc…

Congrats Kina, you won this week for people’s choice for the description and extended use of RED !

Gem has been selected for featured post for talking about the role of women in her post!

Reminder: People’s Choice for parts III-VIII due Wednesday Nov.8th at night ( By 11:59 pm if you want exact details)


Only 18 people posted in the blogs. SMH guys!!! the semester is almost over!! come on!!!

Mid-Semester Grades: If you have NOT heard from our lovely Professor Belli, then you are off the hook. She called out the names during class, if you did not attend class, email her just to be safe. You want to know whether you are failing or not right?

If you want to have a chat with her about any assignments ( including the essay) EMAIL her ASAP to book an appt with her. She will be available today 11/07, tomorrow 11/08, and Thursday 11/09. Come with printed material..


Story Telling: Pg.39-40

“It isn’t a story I’m telling but it is a story I’m telling.” – mixture of past and facts. 

  • Hierarchy– Color of dresses
  • Epigraphs
  • Descriptive
  • Imagery (Book uses lots of descriptions and imagery)
  • Narrative:
  • Table of Contents-Functional (sort of like a journal, what happens, not so much like a list.)
  • “Night”- has an importance
  • The night is mine, my own time, to do with as I will, as long as I am quiet. As long as I don’t move. As long as I lie still.” (37)

  • Night is he freedom, as long as she is quiet. 
  • Memories- She reminisces about her Daughter Hannah and Husband Luke. 
  • Meditation- During the day, her life is about waiting to be told what to do. Lots of free time. 
  • Offred time travels through her mind, she retains control of her mind while all else has been lost to her.
  • Subjective Narrative- All she has, cannot talk freely. 
  • Constantly revises the way she tells her story. Gilead, Red Center.
  • Propaganda- To persuade you to change your opinion.
  •  Narrator thinks back to how commander reads bible  by ceremony.
  • Free Association:  Something that makes you think about something else, and on and on… – Offred’s Style. 
  • Author is very attentive to detail.
  • “I need to be very clear, in my own mind.” (33)

    We will continue on Thursday 11/09/2017

Class Notes for 11/2

Freewrite: Reflect on Essay 1 peer review, drafting, revisions, next steps

  • Homework for Next Week: Handmaid’s Tale, III – VIII and blog (Due: Monday 11/6)
  • People’s choice (I and II) by Sunday 11/5

*Next week giving out writing tips (ex: voice, tone, point of view)*


Essay #1

*Introduction most important paragraph*

  • Before turning in the final paper, copy & paste introduction and topic sentences on a new word document -> read it to see if it makes sense.
  • Thesis Statement  ≠ Thesis Paragraph

->leading up to the argument and 3rd person essay. Informal conversation and tone becomes chatty

Analogy: Buy a pizza but get Chinese food delivered instead.

Example Changing from first person to third person:  I think this character did this… VS. This character did this…

Daniel: Introduction is a self contained paragraph.


The Handmaid’s Tale: A lot of unanswered questions.

  • Women are treated unequally
  • Upperclass
  • Confused
  • Difficult

*You can watch the Handmaid’s Tale hulu series but do not blog about it*

Book published: 1986

Characters: Offred is a handmaid (narrator) -> first person point of view

Setting: Gilead

Hierarchy: Castes identity restriction movement and being treated like objects

Colors Associated With Role of Character

Offred/handmaid – red

Martha/maid – green

Commander – black

Wife – Blue





Class Notes of 10/31/17

Homework for 11/2/17:

The Handmaids Tale Part 1 and 2, Blog due before 2:30pm Thursday

Groups for Peer Review:

1. Samuel, Sebastian, terry
2. Kahat, Penina, Calvin
3. Jordan, Chris, Blanca
4. Chris S., Adrian, Gem
5. Daniel, Taisha, Chris D
6. Kina, Jeffery, Stephen
7. Stevens, Heder, Imani

Peer Review:

  • Holistic/Global -> Local
    Intro/Thesis (framing)
    Topic Sentences

How do I review?

Does it make sense?

Is it developed in points?


Quotes are they introduced?

Are they explained?


What is the main idea of the paragraph? Does the topic sentence reflect this?
Look over your introduction and find a balanced intro.

Final Essay due: Before 2:30pm (electronic and hardcopy)

Who is the Main Character:


• Her life experiences
• Focus
• Story line is more dominate
• The blur on the back of the book
• Arthur seems to be more like Julius Cesar(Tragic Hero)
• Arthur is more like a literary device, a vessel

• His connections to the characters

Where do Kirsten and Arthur intersect?
Where do they overlap?
Both Kirsten and Arthur love theater

– passion and love for acting
– Attachment, father-figure with Arthur

Think about moments when characters overlap

What does it mean to be defined by something?

– People remember you by
– Internal significance, gives you meaning
(defined by something)

– Arthur
– Cataclysm
– Memories/motivation  kills
– Adventure
– nature

– Purpose in life (career)
– Hero’s journey

– Love experiences
– Relationships
– “I repent nothing”
– Art (creates alternate worlds)

Traveling Symphony:
– Motto

Station Eleven, has it landed on the progress of a Utopia?

Bring back fixed thoughts on Thursday


Class Notes : 10/26

Congratulations to Chris Hamilton and Nickolas for winning this weeks People’s Choice. Congratulations to Samuel for being this weeks featured post.

What is the Museum of Civilization ?

  • A place where the past was being preserved
  • After the Georgia Flu, things that were of any value to the people was placed in this place
  • A collection of items for the young that did not remember anything or knew nothing of how things were before the flu
  • Nostalgic reminders for the one’s that did remember

Free Write

What one item would you put in Clark’s “Museum of Civilization” and why?

  • Books : To serve as a means of forgetting reality for a few
  • A Powerful PC : (e.g Sims 4) Allow people to understand how things once were
  • Boarding Pass : Teach the people that there are other ways to get around the world and to preserve transportation.
  • Scrapbook : Holds memories. A visual representation of how things once were. “We Used to exist”
  • Naruto : To preserve creativity.

Clark’s museums valuables are looked upon as “useless”

“A Limitless number of objects in the world that had no practical use but that people wanted to preserve.” (258)

Does an object need to have an actual purpose to hold value?

Worksheet question #2

  • Apocalypse Cult / “Spiritual Cult”
  • Tyler’s mother (Elizabeth) ; She did not pay attention to his “unwinding insanity”
  • Clash of ideology ; the influence of Elizabeth and Miranda

Miranda influenced Tyler through Station Eleven the comic

Elizabeth influenced Tyler through her religious beliefs

“Everything happens for a reason” (261)

  • Station Eleven & The New Testament

Because of “divine right” I will lead you into this new world

Having followers

Light ; being portrayed as good

Both had a good and bad influence

The New Testament is open to interpretation

Source Text – is a text (sometimes oral) from which information or ideas are derived.



10/31 Essay #1 Pre-Draft

Post your pre-drafts to the blog before class (categorize as Essay 1, Pre-Draft)

Bring four printed copies to class

Pre-Draft should include:

Working essay title

Thesis paragraph (introduction)

Two full body paragraphs (complete with topic sentences, textual evidence/citations and analysis)

Reflection about where you in the process, what you have done, what you still are working on, what you are struggling with, what you think you have done well and so on

Finish the worksheet you got today – will continue to go through it next class

And bring candy 🙂 [Happy Halloween]

11/2 Reading response to The Handmaid’s Tale Parts I-II

Due on Thursday not Wednesday by 2:30 pm

Class Notes For 10/24


  • People’s choices due tomorrow, 10/25 before 12:00 am.
  • Professor Harris joins us this Thursday, 10/26 as we finish up the final parts of ‘Station Eleven’
  • Blog #1 on ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ parts I-IV is due on Thursday, 11/1 
  • We begin Reading ‘The Handmaid’s Tale’ in class on 11/2

Essay #1: Due 11/14.

  • ASSIGNMENT: ARGUMENTATIVE THESIS DRIVEN ESSAY (No Research, straight from ‘Station Eleven’ only)
  • Along with Essay#1, a cover letter about our writing processes (1 Page, double-spaced) is required
  • Grades are not solely based on the final product, but also the final process 
  • MLA Format
  • 5-6 Pages
  • Issues Blogging?
  • Issues with Assignment? *Our homework for tonight*
  • Next week Tuesday, 10/31 Draft #1 is due (Bring 4 Printed copies) 
  • Allowed to use parts from our previous blog’s on ‘Station Eleven’ as an addition to our Essay’s
  • Do not summarize, analyze!
  • You are recommended to see the professor to review your essay draft
  • Essay #1 & Essay #2 are each 20% of your grade

Class notes 10/19

Important dates


Homework: Finish parts 7-9 by Monday night


Narrative Structure:

Point of view containing of 1st and omniscient 3rd  P.O.V

-Omniscient 3rd  P.O.V: Observing the narrator is able to know the character’s past as well as their thoughts, helping the reader understand the character(s) even more.


Toronto. BUT there are different variations of Toronto. Such as Toronto of the past, before the Georgia Flu and Toronto after the Flu. As well as more specifically in Toronto before the Flu, Elgin Theater.

Characters before the Flu in this setting:

Jeevan- A Central character in the beginning. Readers see the first few seconds of the pandemic through his eyes.

Kirsten- as a child, around 8-years-old. She witnessed Arthur’s death which traumatized her and keeps reminding her of the day of the outbreak.

Toronto in the past- way back when Jeevan was a paparazzi; he interviewed Arthur.

-Then moves to the post-flu Toronto

Chapter 34 pg 186 58th day Jeevan is with his brother Frank (who is paralyzed from the waist down) until Frank “goes away”.

-Jeevan then meets up with travelers by a river to join them until Part 5 pg 194 when Jeevan tries not to go crazy as he continues on his own.


Jeevan in other settings

-Before the Georgia Flu

  1. Whe he was a Paparazzi, he takes a picture of Miranda before her divorce w/ Arthur
  2. His interview w/ Arthur 7 years ago (before Arthur leaves Elizabeth for Colton)
  3. Elgen theater (moments before flu)
  4. With Frank (after flu)
  5. Now walking alone (after flu)

Conflicts within characters:

  1. Human v. Nature (Humanity v. Flu)
  2. Human v. Human (prophet/cult v. The Symphony)
  3. purposeless/signifigance of living (human v. self in pg 163)
  4. People wanting to go against the profit
  5. loss; trying to remember (Kirsten’s struggle mostly)
  6. Arthur’s personal relationship w/ others.

Class Notes Tuesday October 17th

Class Notes for Tuesday October 17th

Group Work

In relation to #3, 4, What is the significance of Arthur’s relationship’s backstops

In relation to #5, Discus the novels themes and its evolution as the novel goes on

Narrator – Third person omniscient

View  Points

First Person

3rd Person Omniscient

  • through “Dear V” letters
  • Jeevan’s  attempt to keep his sanity while leaving Toronto

View points are complicated in the novel so the Dear V letters and Jeevan’s thoughts are instances of the first person perspective in a third person narrative

Chapter 37

Raymonde – You don’t know what you’ve lost until it is gone


Check off both category and parts


1) People’s Choice for parts 4 ~ 6 due Wednesday

– Congratulations to Parts 2 ~ 3  winners

2) Optional Extra Credit

– Why I Write Due Sunday 10/22



Class notes 10/12/17

Class notes for October 12, 2017

Science Fiction

Recap on discussion about utopias/dystopias with examples from “The City of Omelas” and Station Eleven.

Science fiction as a genre

Watched video discussing the genre

Brainstorming adjectives for Science Fiction

exaggerate possible/unreal creativity(nature) technology fantasy protest (existence/future)
predictions speculative design* present change

*speculative design – a design used not only to create things, but ideas as well.
(final four texts are in the speculative genre)

“based on science, but it isn’t real”

Came from the author’s imagination. Things might not be real but they could possibly happen.

Science fiction commonly involves the interplay between the real world and the science fiction text. The military’s weaponry has been influenced by science fiction. Science fiction may sometimes be considered a “low brow” genre of fiction.

Science fiction usually plays by the rules of our real world. Based on science not magic.
Ex – If someone goes invisible in a science fiction text, the cause is most likely science, not magic or sorcery etc.

steampunk – science fiction genre where our modern technology is introduced into the past. 

extrapolation – taking something and pushing it to it’s logical extreme

Discussion on Station Eleven and how it relates to the previous discussion.

The flu epidemic is not “unthinkable” as humanity has had had widespread disease kill millions of people, although not to the extent depicted in the text.

Parts and chapters are structured to give us views of the post-collapse as well as pre-collapse.

Emily St. John Mandel insists that rather than Station Eleven being science fiction, it is literary fiction.

Analysis of John Gast’s painting “American Progress”

  • depicts development
  • “manifest destiny”
  • possible angel, central figure – symbolic of angelic dressings
  • weather is split in half in the direction the central figure is moving
  • shows multiple types of transportation
  • expansion into the unknown


Read Parts 4-6. Blog due on Monday 10/16
Class discussion response #5 extended to Friday 10/13

***Extra Credit***

Attend the science fiction symposium at city tech on Dec 6th and post a blog about it.

Class Notes for Tuesday October 10’th

Class Notes for Tuesday October 10, 2017

Station Eleven is our first excursion into a full novel. As a novel is longer than a short story, we need to approach it differently.

We discussed our emotional response to the novel…the following words were volunteered: hopelessness confused…no purpose…some hope… intrigued  .. curious … expectant …sadness … annoyed … devastated …pitying … lonely … insignificant

Four of us “liked” the book (raised hands that I counted)

Professor Belli spoke of the use of flashbacks in the novel:

Flashback Definition. Merriam Webster defines flashback as “an interruption of the chronological sequence (as of a film or literary work) of an event of earlier occurrence.” Flashbacks are interruptions that writers do to insert past events in order to provide background or context to the current events of a narrative.

Who is Miranda? Was it Kirsten or …as I forget names myself when under the gun and at the risk of incurring Professor Belli’s wrath, I have included a list of characters as a reference.. We should be creating this list ourselves as we read. Names that we read in the list below will not have the same impact upon us as names we write down (with associated notes and impressions), which will, in turn serve us well as inspiration for our blog writing.

Arthur Leander

Arthur is a Canadian-born actor who ultimately finds success in Hollywood. He has been married, at various times, to three different women: Miranda, Elizabeth, and Lydia. He dies of a heart attack while performing the title role in King Lear.

Jeevan Chaudhary

Jeevan is a paparazzi-turned-paramedic who witnesses the death of Arthur Leander. He survives the epidemic by stockpiling food before hysteria breaks out.

Kirsten Raymonde

Kirsten is a child actress who first encountered Arthur during his final production of King Lear. She grows up after the epidemic and joins the Symphony, the band of traveling actors.

Miranda Carroll

Miranda is the first wife of Arthur and the creator of the graphic novel Dr. Eleven. She ultimately despises the Hollywood life and divorces Arthur, entering the corporate world and becoming a shipping magnate before dying abroad in Singapore during the pandemic.


The second wife of Arthur Leander. She is a Hollywood actress who breaks up the marriage of Miranda and Arthur. She and Arthur have a son, Tyler, and she and Arthur survive the pandemic.

Tyler Leander

The son of Arthur and Elizabeth. He grows up during the pandemic, becoming increasingly religious and believing that the pandemic spared the morally good.

Clark Thompson

Arthur’s best friend from his days as a young Toronto actor, Clark becomes a corporate success in London as an adult. He ultimately becomes the curator at the Museum of Civilization.


Kristen’s lover and one of the Symphony members kidnapped by the Prophet.


A member of the Symphony, kidnapped by the Prophet.


A member of the Symphony who travels with Kirsten.


Jeevan’s brother, confined to a wheelchair.


A child wrangler for the production of King Lear, and Arthur’s lover.


Ita Flores likes the writing style of the novel…a poetic style, a crafted style, an “imaginary” style.

We discussed dog(s)/Luli in the novel

“The dog who’d been lying by the front row sat up at attention” (59)

““Luli” the prophet called over his shoulder and the dog trotted after him” (62)


Kina remarked that Luli takes us back to the comic book


Words/names/objects/people/ places (…the context escapes me!)


The notion of memories is very important.


Definition of eponymous

:of, relating to, or being the person or thing for whom or which something is named :of, relating to, or being an eponym When something is eponymous, it takes its own name as its title. For example, Foo Fighters’ first album was eponymous — it was called “Foo Fighters.”


“Loss” (which I could not hear with that twit speaking outside the door…remember to practice breathing!) is a central theme of the novel.. Loss and endings …end of relationships .. end of technology…different worlds before and after (pre and post Georgia Flu pandemic).


In literature, an epigraph is a phrase, quotation, or poem that is set at the beginning of a document,

We discussed the epigraph written by Czeslaw Milosz (Polish poet & prose writer)at the beginning of Station Eleven. The quote speaks of being witness to “too much”.. living in an intense period of time. An epigraph is not to be confused with a dedication ( “In memory of my dear friend and mentor…”)


Gem: impression of use of epigraph ~overwhelmed…

Ita: person cannot take in everything (… do wish I could read my handwriting)


Shifts in location throughout book Toronto, New York ect…what is the importance of this…transient overtone? Opening setting  ..  winter night in Toronto…immediately before ( or day one ) of the Georgia Flu.. “calm before the storm” …symbolism of snow ( which I still do not get, will a kind soul please enlighten me)


Is Arthur Leander a central character, was he a pivotal character …yes! most definitely!

Jeevan (with a G)  as a character? We meet him again on page 102 when he’s a news vulture.


Is  Kirsten Raymonde a central character…undeniably so!.. eight years old at Arthurs death, twenty eight in part II ( A midsummer’s night dream) She carries the glass paper-weight ( “lump of glass with a storm cloud trapped inside” 15) and the comic novels (Dr. Eleven Vol 1 No 1 “Station Eleven” and Vol 1 No 2 “The Pursuit”) in her back pack along with three knives in her belt and she is proficient in the their use.


Blanca : “Both are intimately connected to Arthur” ..good point!…Kirsten is a walking memorial, but the comic novel was Miranda’s


The story is told in fragments.. at the end of part II and chapter XII Kirsten is looking at clippings of Arthur (67) and immediately afterwards Part III Chapter XIII Arthur and Miranda are in a restaurant together …and thirty four years before (14 BGF.. 14 years before the Georgian Flu) (71)


Part I: artificial snow within, a snowstorm in a glass paperweight, a worsening snowstorm without.

Acting as a theme in the novel…Arthur is an actor…Kirsten and the Traveling Symphony are actors. Arthur misused his acting talents, Kirsten and Traveling Symphony bring joy (Survival is Insufficient..   will their acting bridge that gap?)


Chris: expected the significance of the relationship between Jeevan and Laura to become apparent.


Blanca: In chapter II of Arthur “But who was his family” (14) …notice to next of kin is directed to Arthur’s lawyer. Even his best friend Clark has a falling out with Arthur.


Woe to he who has no one to mourn him….as you sow…


“But who was his family” (14)…part III is a direct answer to that question.


Criticism of Laura’s reaction to Jeevan’s heroics…which I thought as credible…”Can you pick up milk” (11) Laura did not take him seriously!.. she probably felt that Jeevan did not take her seriously!


How does Jeevan react….he goes on a buying spree..  and buys daffodils


I wandered lonely as a cloud

That floats on high o’er vales and hills,

When all at once I saw a crowd,

A host, of golden daffodils;

Beside the lake, beneath the trees,

Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.



O.K…. I starting to include poetry…time to finish this!. But “Survival is Insufficient” …..will daffodils (beauty) suffice to bridge the gap ?


So what remains after the Georgian Flu   Daniel: Nature?

The theater remains the same! , Shakespeare and Lear remain…. will they satisfy “Survival is Insufficient” (58) ..and immediately after on page fifty nine we have….”Kirsten stood in a state of suspension that always came over her at the end of performances….a man in the front row had tears in his eyes”(59).


What is the travelling Symphony for its members: a family, a means of entertaining.


In conclusion…


The good news….no additional reading for Thursday


The better news: Please read the response blogs for Station Eleven and choose a favorite post no later than midnight Wednesday.….and please include your rationale for choosing that particular blog.

P.S. The most recent blogs may not be the best!

The best news: Please choose an excerpt from Station Eleven for discussion on Thursday

a passage or quotation taken or selected from a book, document,film, or the like; extract.


The most best news: (my son’s superlative adjective of choice) I get to go home now!


Good night to all

Class Notes 10/5/2017

Hello everyone.

The professor wanted us to know that if you do not cite correctly then you will get a zero in your blog. To cite correctly use this (Author’s last name, Page number), if you already address the author’s name and the title of the book or short story just use the page number.

Remember to proofread your posts. Make sure to revise your post and edit them to improve your writing. Be creative. Fix your titles to make them appropriate in your writing or in your arguments. Make sure to write your posts in present tense.


  • Station Eleven, Part 2 (A Midsummer Night’s Dream) & Part 3 (I Prefer You with a Crown)


  • Reading Response #6: Station Eleven, Parts 2-3 (due M 10/9)
  • Class Discussion #4: People’s Choice Posts for Station Eleven, Part 1 (due Su 10/8)
  • In your blog make sure to introduce a text from the author in your blog. Structure your blog based on your main points. Make sure to have summary because it is important to prove your point or your analysis. MAKE SURE TO CITE CORRECTLY.

Also guys remember the professor won’t have office hours on Tuesday. If you need to see her go next Thursday.


Technological determinism: is a reductionist theory that assumes that a society’s technology determines the development of its social structure and cultural values.

Agency: Something or someone who has a purpose, freewill or if they are sentience.

Apathy: Lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern.

Information about “August 2026: There Will be Soft Rain(1950)” 


  • House
  • Dog
  • Fire-nature


  • Nature vs. Machine
  • Nature vs. Man

“August 2026: There Will be Soft Rain(1950)” In-dept look 

  • In the short story we see sentences or words in italic style, this shows that the house is speaking out when it tells the time.
  • We were discussing in class if the house was aware of what happen to the family. In the first sentence of the first page, describes how the house is trying trying to woke up everyone up “as if it were afraid that nobody would.” Also in page two when the dog tries to get inside the house. The house realized it and let it to come here. These statements can prove that the house may be sentient.
  • There is a possibility that the narrator is using diction to have the reader believe that the house is sentient.
  • In the reading the dog was described to be heavily injured. As the dog goes around the house and dirtying the place. The robot mice are annoyed that the dog is causing a mess which it has clean up. For humans, the dog is considered to be precious however for the robots it is an inconvenience. These robots are indifferent towards the dog. However, they are only like that because they have their priorities set already.
  • By the end of the story the house was caught on fire when a tree crashes into the house. The house went into a frenzy trying to put the house out.  The machines could not adapt to the situation since they can only do what they were program to do.

“August 2026: There Will be Soft Rain(1950)” Poem In-dept look 

  • The poem was created during the time of World War 1. The author uses the poem to make a connection to his short story, describing how life will continue without human interaction.

“August 2026: There Will be Soft Rain(1950)” Video In-dept look 

  • In this creepy videos (which everyone agrees that it is creepy) shows some similarities with the short story. In both, the house did not realize that the family is dead. In both stories the house is destroy by a representation of nature. In the video the house destroy itself trying to kill a bird. In the other story, the house was on fire by a tree.