As we finished reading through the last few chapters of Brave New World, we are exposed to multiple dialogues as to what makes a society stable. ¬†Mustapha explained to John that several sacrifices had to be made in order to maintain a happy and stable society. ¬†John then questions Mond’s beliefs¬†one after another, claiming that these sacrifices for happiness will only contribute to¬†loathsome humans. ¬†Mond’s methods for creating a stable society is not the appropriate way of doing it. ¬†Absolute control over the lives of everyone leads to only false happiness and a society of pure ignorance.

Mustapha implemented a sort of limit¬†when it comes to science, but his citizens never experienced any specific scientific exposure. ¬†A case in point would be when Mond claimed that science is dangerous and must be contained for the good of happiness and stability. ¬†After the claim, Helmholtz questioned Mond about all of the propaganda done at the college. ¬†Which then he replies, “‘Yes; but what sort of science?’ … ‘You’ve had no scientific training, so you can’t judge'”(203). ¬†This quote exemplifies that the citizens of New London are being limited to the knowledge of Science and its capabilities. ¬†All for the sake of stability and happiness, but Mustapha is also hiding the truth from his citizens. ¬†Practically expressing the term “science” as¬†abstract but not concrete.

The¬†need for a God was completely removed by Mustapha, due to his idea that a civilized man doesn’t need to go through anything unpleasant. ¬†John brought up a point that, “‘If you allowed yourselves to think of God, you wouldn’t allow yourselves to be degraded by pleasant vices'”(212). ¬†John is bringing up the idea that¬†if there was a God to worship then there is no need to indulge on atrocities that are allowed¬†within their society. ¬†So that means there will be no need for a hallucinogenic drug(soma), or the need to experience false emotions towards one another. ¬†Mond then replies to John’s comment, claiming, “‘There isn’t any need for a civilized man to bear anything that’s seriously unpleasant'”(212). ¬†Mustapha replies to John with the idea that citizens are preconditioned to enjoy the tasks that they are given. ¬†Yet, whenever there is a sense of unpleasantness present, then soma will counteract that feeling.

The source of false happiness begins with soma. ¬†During the conversation between John and Mustapha on page 213, Mond¬†calls soma, “‘Christianity without tears'”(213). ¬†Evidently, people are always carrying soma, as seen from previous chapters, just in case they begin to feel any sort of discomfort and wish to free¬†themselves from any dreadful emotions. ¬†Leading to a state of false happiness and self satisfaction. ¬†But, using drugs in order to maintain social stability is never the correct way. ¬†In addition, comparing a drug to Christianity seems a bit far-fetched and misleading. ¬†Soma can be seen as a key to keep the civilized people stable, which then leads to a stable society.

In general, sacrifices made for the reason of making a society stable, can be seen as good or bad. ¬†Mustapha took a sort of manipulative approach in order to achieve stability. ¬†It took an outsider¬†like John to question Mustapha and his methods, because only an outsider was¬†able to see corruption within a society. ¬†Mustapha’s methods only led to a society of citizens with false emotions and pure ignorance.