As we finished reading through the last few chapters of Brave New World, we are exposed to multiple dialogues as to what makes a society stable. Mustapha explained to John that several sacrifices had to be made in order to maintain a happy and stable society. John then questions Mond’s beliefs one after another, claiming that these sacrifices for happiness will only contribute to loathsome humans. Mond’s methods for creating a stable society is not the appropriate way of doing it. Absolute control over the lives of everyone leads to only false happiness and a society of pure ignorance.
Mustapha implemented a sort of limit when it comes to science, but his citizens never experienced any specific scientific exposure. A case in point would be when Mond claimed that science is dangerous and must be contained for the good of happiness and stability. After the claim, Helmholtz questioned Mond about all of the propaganda done at the college. Which then he replies, “‘Yes; but what sort of science?’ … ‘You’ve had no scientific training, so you can’t judge'”(203). This quote exemplifies that the citizens of New London are being limited to the knowledge of Science and its capabilities. All for the sake of stability and happiness, but Mustapha is also hiding the truth from his citizens. Practically expressing the term “science” as abstract but not concrete.
The need for a God was completely removed by Mustapha, due to his idea that a civilized man doesn’t need to go through anything unpleasant. John brought up a point that, “‘If you allowed yourselves to think of God, you wouldn’t allow yourselves to be degraded by pleasant vices'”(212). John is bringing up the idea that if there was a God to worship then there is no need to indulge on atrocities that are allowed within their society. So that means there will be no need for a hallucinogenic drug(soma), or the need to experience false emotions towards one another. Mond then replies to John’s comment, claiming, “‘There isn’t any need for a civilized man to bear anything that’s seriously unpleasant'”(212). Mustapha replies to John with the idea that citizens are preconditioned to enjoy the tasks that they are given. Yet, whenever there is a sense of unpleasantness present, then soma will counteract that feeling.
The source of false happiness begins with soma. During the conversation between John and Mustapha on page 213, Mond calls soma, “‘Christianity without tears'”(213). Evidently, people are always carrying soma, as seen from previous chapters, just in case they begin to feel any sort of discomfort and wish to free themselves from any dreadful emotions. Leading to a state of false happiness and self satisfaction. But, using drugs in order to maintain social stability is never the correct way. In addition, comparing a drug to Christianity seems a bit far-fetched and misleading. Soma can be seen as a key to keep the civilized people stable, which then leads to a stable society.
In general, sacrifices made for the reason of making a society stable, can be seen as good or bad. Mustapha took a sort of manipulative approach in order to achieve stability. It took an outsider like John to question Mustapha and his methods, because only an outsider was able to see corruption within a society. Mustapha’s methods only led to a society of citizens with false emotions and pure ignorance.