Reading chapters 10-13 of Brave New World, we notice that the society of this World relies on technological machines and drugs in order to fulfill their lives with happiness. But what they do not realize is they are living in a world where happiness is only superficial and inhumane. The people in Brave New World can never achieve truly happiness since they lack of the human satisfaction that would free them and let them live a fully life. Through the use of characterization, Huxley conveys the idea that happiness should not be created by social construct, but, to achieve truly happiness individuals must struggle in order to find it by his/her own.
Bernard is exemplified as a major character who lives under a life of false happiness. Bernard brings an outsider, John the Savage, and utilizes him to satisfy his own purposes. His desire is to feel the acceptance of his superiors and society in general, as he believes by doing that he will find his happiness among society and enjoy the benefits that the Alpha plus caste has to offer him. He wants to enjoy the pleasures of being important and well known by his peers. For this reason, he shows John to the rest of the society as his most valuable discovery and, the people, amaze to see such unique and peculiar human being among them, they started to sympathize with Bernard by being friendly and inviting him to special events that he would never have been invited from. As Bernard states he feels “for the first time in his life, treated not merely normally, but as a person of outstanding importance” (pg. 144). For once in his entire life, Bernard feels “happy” since for him happiness means receiving his peer’s attention and the pleasures the society has to offer him. He feeds himself with an air of superiority since he is acclaimed by his fellows. However, what he does not realize is that what he believes to be happy is merely a false pretense since the people are only polite and friendly to him because of the John (the Savage). Meanwhile they still talk wrong beside his back and continue disapproving Bernard’s ideas. Finally this supposedly happiness comes to an end when John refuses to show himself off to Bernard’s event. He loses the respect of the people and is again criticize for being odd. As the writer narrates “what should have been the crowning moment of Bernard’s whole career had turned out to be the moment of his greatest humiliation” (pg. 161). All his feelings of happiness and superiority get crash down and he is left with a terrible humiliation, embarrassment and defeat.
Lenina is another character in the novel who pretends to live a false happiness in this dystopian world. She believes that her environment is a perfect society where happiness always consists of living in soma doses and the motto “everyone belongs to everyone else” until one day her emotions get compromised when she meets John. Lenina feels attracted to John and enjoys being around the Savage’s company. By analyzing her emotions towards John, we can imply that inside her there is still a hope of living a life without false pretenses and true love. However, in the outside she restrains these feelings and avoids any emotion that might compromise her status in society. When Lenina faces John’s rejection she gets devastated and experiences sentiments -as describe by the author- of “dreadful emptiness, a breathless apprehension, a nausea. Her heart seemed to stop beating”. This portrays the normal human emotions of an individual who being in love with someone else, gets rejected by the love one. So in order to forget and escape the human emotions that at first made her happy, she relies on the soma medication which would break her connection with the human world and bring her to a superficial, mundane and immoral World.
Finally, John is another character by which Huxley illustrates the false meaning of happiness of this Brave New World. John is characterized as a more humble and emotional person since he grew up in a Reservation where human values such as family, love and culture still prevail despite/throughout the years. He has listened to all Linda’s stories about this “Brave New World” where there seems to be progress and the people are happy and satisfied with their lives. He gets enticed by this World and decides to explore it, however he learns that everything he has imagined about this society is a despicable lie. A clear example is reflected when after visiting some working places, John observes the injustice among the social classes and becomes disgusted of the treatment towards the lower caste workers. He also becomes nauseated to see the amount of promiscuity and false love among the people of this society. He is terrified to see how the act of true love has been transformed into a carnal and promiscuous act as he indignantly describes the horrible film of a colored men and the young Beta-Plus woman as “base” and “ignoble” (pg. 156). John’s perception of happiness towards this “New Brave World” changes and he becomes greatly disillusioned and unhappy of living in this dystopian society.