As we continue reading Brave New World, we have become more interested and fascinated the form in which Aldous Huxley wrote about this dystopian society. Through his very detailed writing skills, the author makes his readers become acquainted of another side of this dystopian world, a new civilization –The Savage Reservation-, which clearly reflects the opposite of the World controlled by technology. Along with this new society, a new character is introduced in the novel, John, who becomes a central focus as the novel is developed. He struggles to fit in a society that possess cultures and views that differ from his own. Just as John, Bernard share the feeling of rejection from his community from being different as everyone else. Through the use of a literary element called juxtaposition, Huxley tries to compare the rejection that both Bernard and John faced from their own community and, the same time, he also contrast the differences between these two worlds the “civilized” and “uncivilized” Worlds.
Huxley gracefully utilizes juxtaposition to contrast the “civilized” dystopian world in which the characters, Bernard and Lenina, live in. This is shown when the two major protagonists embark into a trip to the New Mexican Reservation and land in the pueblo of Malpais. Here they encounter, to their surprise, a community that has survived several years without the invasion of technology. They are faced to the first old civilian of this society who seems to carry the natural symptoms of aging “his face was profoundly wrinkled and black, like a mask of obsidian. The toothless mouth had fallen in”(pg. 105). However, the travelers –in particular Lenina–, were terrified by the features of the old man since in the society where she comes from, old civilians are technologically conditioned to look younger than they seem to be. Another example that juxtaposes the engineered controlled world is that in the Savage Reservation, the Malpais’ women have the freedom to breastfeed their babies, a spectacle that made Lenina “blush and turn her face”(pg. 106). In the engineered world, the society is “sterilized” and so clean that the natural actions of human beings like giving birth and aging have been long forgotten. However, in the pueblo of Malpais, the pain of giving birth and facing death still exist within the society being an essential part of human life.
Another aspect in which Huxley uses juxtaposition is to compare the sentiment of rejection from these two characters, John and Bernard, who find a hard time to fit in a society of opposite values and prejudices. For instance, John is rejected by the people from the Savage Reservation since he is born from a woman that once belonged to the “civilized” world. His physique and way of expressing himself is different reason why he has created hate among the members of his community as he states: “they dislike me for my complexion. It’s always been like that. Always”(pg. 101). Similarly, Bernard is reject by his society for not being as everyone else and for having a different way of thinking towards humanity. Bernard is not accepted by his society and he desperately looks for a place in which he can be himself once and for all. These two characters face the struggle of living in a society that constantly reminds them of their nature.