In Brave New World it is important to set your eyes on both Bernard’s and John’s world. When you set your eyes on both worlds you are able to distinguish characteristics that establish what makes a human, human. By the author Aldous Huxley giving us this contrast we are able to analyze between the worlds in which one has lab bred babies, eternal youth, no religion, and the other has natural birth, death and religion. To be a human is to create because a human has to learn, teach, and manufacture.
It is a part of human nature to want and give answers. In Brave New World most characters don’t have questions or answers. We as reader’s can see John’s world contrast with Bernard’s when john says, “Linda never seemed to know. The old men of pueblo had much more definite answers” (122). In the new world they are ok not knowing but in the old world they are always curious. It also human nature to be innovative and create. In the old world john states, “To fashion, to give form, to feel his fingers gaining in and skill and power—this gave him an extraordinary pleasure” (125). This is a natural feeling for human beings.
Humans also love to teach and learn. Not only do we see Linda do this we also see Helmholtz do when he states, “I wanted to do a bit of propaganda; I was trying to engineer them a feeling as I felt when I wrote the rhymes” (165). Here he wants the students to think and create. In the new world we see opposition to these human characteristics. The controller states:
It was a masterly piece of work. But once you began admitting explanations in terms of purpose—well, you didn’t know what the result might be. It was the sort of idea that might decondition the more unsettled minds among the higher caste—make them lose their faith in happiness as the Sovereign Good and take to believing, instead, that the goal was somewhere beyond, somewhere outside the present human sphere; that the purpose of life was not the maintenance of wellbeing, but some intensification and refining of consciousness, some enlargement of knowledge. Which was, the controller reflected, quit possibly true.(162)
The controller proves that knowledge is the key to human nature. It is innate for human beings to seek knowledge, purpose, and improvisation.