Steven Hrotic. Religion in Science Fiction: The Evolution of an Idea and the Extinction of a Genre

Hrotic chronologically tells the metanarrative of religion in genre science fiction. Hrotic discusses the several possible inceptions of SF and how religion played a role even then. He provides summaries of various texts and evidence for certain attitudes that were prevalent in the genre at the time they were written.

Paul J Nahin. Holy Sci-Fi! Where Science Fiction and Religion Intersect

In his text, Nahin discuses philosophical and religious questions presented by other science fiction authors. In brief sections, he discusses Religions in SF, time, time travel, Jesus Christ, omniscient gods in SF, religious robots and computers that became gods in SF.

James F. McGrath. Religion and Science Fiction

McGrath edits and presents a collection of thoughts collated by several of his peers on the various intersections of theology and science fiction, not only in literature, but in film studies, history, philosophy, cultural studies and religious studies as well. The goal of the collection of essays is to bring together the various mediums approach to similar questions and provide a cohesive collection of themes and ideas on the aforementioned topic.

Adam Roberts. The History of Science Fiction

Roberts undertakes the admittedly ambitious task of telling the history of SF, or at the very least connect the dots between the modes of thought in the literary genre throughout the centuries. More importantly, he traces the genre far back to ancient Greece and tells its SF’s story up to the twenty first century.

Rudy V. Busto Relgion/Science/Fiction: Beyond the Final Frontier

Busto presents three SF short stories that promote religious speculation, as opposed to the prevalent belief among layman that religion is an antagonist to SF. He also calls into question the boundaries between SF and religion by examining Minority Literature in the genre and writings by his own students on the topic.

Robert M. Geraci. Robots and the Sacred in Science and Science Fiction: Theological Implications of Artificial Intelligence

Geraci discusses the interesting cocktail of emotions concerning the potential advent of artificial intelligence. He discusses how SF through literature and film has elevated the man made beings to a something divine and how humans may potentially react to these man-made gods.

Introduction Draft

Recently among science fiction academia and aficionados, animosity towards religion has been mitigated. In the genre, the relationship between religion and science has been cyclical, with each coming out on top at different times throughout the decades. Recently however, the two ideologies have seem to have come to a stalemate, they have acquiesced that each has their merits in the world of the future. However, the clash of ideologies has fueled science fiction for over a century, many of the genre’s roots are in challenging theology. SF does not need to generate vitriol, only continue the sport, the great debate. In literature, religion is one of the greatest antagonists of all time in SF, in not all the genres. Without the great adversary that is religion, science becomes complacent. Religion must continue acting as science’s greatest opponent for SF so that we may speculate and prepare for a world with artificial intelligence, a world where we make gods, and we become deities.

Topic Sentences/ Questions

An antagonist isn’t necessarily a villain; it’s can be a force that works towards the same goal as the protagonist.

The best antagonist knows the protagonists weaknesses and force it to make difficult decisions that reveal its true nature.

Would the society be better off without antagonism, without conflict?

What would happen if either theology or science proved victorious in achieving all the answers, or the ultimate answer?

Ultimately, the goal of creating artificial intelligence is to create a being that is greater than us. Should we make to be gods, or should we act as imperfect gods for them?

Should religion be allowed to propagate beyond earth, should human civilization?