City Tech, Fall 2016

Category: Metropolis (Page 1 of 2)

The New Babylonia – Metropolis

Metropolis is a silent science fiction film created by Fritz Lang in 1927 whose setting is the dystopian futuristic era where exists a difference in social classes society. Throughout the film, we can mainly observe ¬†the conflict between two difference social class: the working and the rich class. The working class, also mentioned in the film as the “hand”, is consisted in people who are obliged to work in order to survive and keep the city Metropolis functioning. On the other hand, there is the rich class, also known as the “head” which is a society where prosperity and privileges are granted to any individual living under this hierarchy. By showing this contrast, we can imply each of these two societies as two completely different worlds and this is shown in the prelude of the film. ¬†For instance, the film is opened by introducing the working society and the inhuman conditions in which these people live. At first, we see a massive group of workers marching in a synchronized pattern with their heads down in signal of defeat, submission and hopelessness(6:50). They get transported through great cubicles used as elevators to their work place. ¬†As the elevator keeps descending we can observe the a complete city with buildings¬†which rapidly help us identify that this society resides beneath the surface of the ground. Furthermore, there is a transition of environment and as it is state in the movie “as deep as lay the workers’ city below the earth, so high above it towered the complex known as the “Club of the Son’s” with its lecture halls and libraries, its theaters and stadiums”(6:58). Through this quote we can see a utopian world opposite to that the underground city with its people living in peace and enjoying the privileges and benefits that this society offers them. Here, we are presented to Freder, the son of Joh Fredersen-the master of Metropolis-, who, as everyone in this society, was enjoying the pleasurable life of luxury, discovers the rough and miserable life of the workers living underground the Earth after trying to find Maria, the saint like woman that get him mesmerized ¬†when she raised from the underground with the children of the workers(10:02). There, Freder discovers the nefarious conditions that the workers have to face everyday in order to keep themselves and their families alive. Affected by such sorrowful revelations, Freder goes to his father, Joh Federsen, and narrates him what he has seen underground. When his father asks him of his wanderings in the machine halls, Freder reacts by telling him “I wanted to look into the faces of the people whose little children are my brothers, my sisters..‚Ķ Your magnificent city, Father ‚Äď and you the brain of this city ‚Äď and all of us in the city‚Äôs light‚Ķ And where are the people, father, whose hands built your city ?”(23:26). Freder attempts to make his father understand that behind the prosperity, beauty and greatness of the city, there is also hidden deep down the suffering of thousands of people in building up the city of Metropolis. Freder is more sensible towards the misery of the working society and to understand the suffering of the people that he refers as “brothers”(32:23), he decides to switch sides with one of the workers who is in charge of controlling the machine.

Another character, Rotwang the inventor, is presented during the prelude of the film. Joh Fredersen seeks for him in search of some advice about the plans found in the pockets of one of the workers from the underground. Here, he stares at a monument of Hel the woman to whom he felt in love with, and we can clearly observe a shift of emotions in Joh’s face as he approaches to her monument(39:27). ¬†However, he gets stopped by Rotwang who tells him that Hel is still alive for him because he can bring her back and shows him the android that would become “the man of the future, the Machine-Man”(43:44). ¬†Rotwang wants to make the android a human being at all cost even tough he has to risk his life in order to do so. He also tells Joh that the Machine-Man will be his possession since Joh already has Hel’s son. After this statement, the imagine of Freder appears in the film in which we can imply that Freder is the son of Hel.

Furthermore, in the below ground, the workers get congregated to listen to the prayers of the only person that keep them with hope: Maria. She relates the workers the story of the building of Tower of Babel and how the king, wanting to create the highest tower of all, decides to hire naive people and convert them into slaves for the constructions of the tower. However the ideals of the working people were not the same as the ideals of magnificence and power of the king as it is stated in the Bible “People talk the same language but do not understand each other”(55:19). In my opinion, the tower of Babel symbolizes the creation of the city of Metropolis and how the ideas of Joh Federsen to possess power at cost of the suffering of the workers did not match the ideals of peace and harmony of the working people which also foreshadows the disastrous events leading to its creation. Maria tells the workers that the only solution and hope is a “mediator” that will bring agreement and union between “the head and hands”(55:59). ¬†Freder instantly falls in love for Maria and he volunteers to become that “mediator” that will bring these two worlds together.

In the intermezzo act of the film, Rotwang conducts the malicious plan of making the Machine-Man a human that will turn society against the master, Joh. He utilizes Maria body and creates a woman that will brainwash every man’s mind. With her dance and words, she turns every person against the other, friends become enemies, people killing to the other and everything leading to total destruction just to follow the Machine-Man fake Maria’s rules. Freder, along with Maria and Josaphat goes in the rescue of his people and save the children that were forgotten by the workers while trying to kill the heart of the Machine-Man. Finally the workers realized the consequence of their acts and Freder is able to fulfill his destiny by becoming the mediator between the rich and the poor class.

Overall, I find the film really fascinating since it presents a diverse variety of elements of fiction that make the film more engaging and interesting. I should also add that Fritz Lang foreshadows the conflicts in which our society is currently going through and he leaves us the message that the own hands of the man will lead to the annihilation of our own world.

A City Above and Below

We are introduced with a group of workers who appear as though they worked feverishly during their shift and just have nothing left in their tanks.¬† “Metropolis” by Fritz Lang (1927), seems to be an extraordinary film that shows a great example of a full-fledged dystopia in play.¬†Dome shaped entrances are where the workers that are done for the day enter, as well as the workers that are going to be replacing them (4:05). ¬†By the looks of it, these people are obviously overworked. ¬†But the reason behind all of this is to keep the city called Metropolis alive.¬† There are two levels of Metropolis. ¬†The above city, which is filled with the wealthy and presented with a luxurious lifestyle. ¬†Then the below city, which is filled with oppressed workers along with a poor and cramped feel to the place.

In the city above, Freder, Joh Frederson’s son, is found in the luxurious garden where there are people of wealth surrounding him and he appears to have no worries in the world (8:00). ¬† Then a woman of the City of workers is introduced along with many children in an attempt to show them what being wealthy looks like. ¬†Freder then develops an interest for this woman and attempts to find her in the Machine-halls, but instead of finding her he is exposed to the truth about what goes on below his father’s beautiful city. ¬†There were workers everywhere, no breaks for the workers, and most of them are at the point of collapsing (13:38). ¬†Freder then went to his father who he referred to as,¬† “…the brain of this city…” (23:52). ¬†So that he can uncover¬†information about where do these workers live,¬†but apparently his father showed no ounce of remorse for his worries.

Joh Frederson is a very strict man that is obviously the mastermind as to what goes on in his city.  He dislikes hints of betrayal, as shown with Josaphat who does a poor job of informing him as to what goes on in the depths of the city (27:35).  He then fires Josaphat after two misinformed incidents involving the machine-hall, back-to-back, without hesitation.

Soon after, Freder enters the Machine-halls and sees another worker collapse,¬†he tells this worker, “Listen to me… I want to trade my life with you…”¬†(34:27). ¬†This exemplifies that Freder would like to get a glimpse as to what life within the depths is like. ¬†It was also a chance to find this woman that he took so much interest in. ¬†Once Freder found Maria, she was standing on higher ground and preaching that there will soon be a Mediator. ¬†“The Mediator Between Head and Hands Must Be The Heart!” (55:39), was what Maria mentioned at the end of her preaching. ¬†The mediator is a position that Freder suited perfectly because he was not against fair treatment for all. ¬†Along with the fact that he is a man of wealth that is willing to extend a helping hand to the people within the depths.

There was a scene that was a bit odd to say the least. ¬†The one where Rotwang is first introduced as this mad-looking scientist that seems to operate under the command of Joh. ¬†Rotwang created a¬†robot that resembles that of a female body,¬†he calls it the “Machine-Man”¬†(43:30). ¬†Basically a Machine-man can act with a mind of its own as if it were a human, but the difference is that someone needs to command it. ¬†Rotwang keeps a bust of Hel, the late wife of Joh, and he wishes to recreate her which shows that he has some sort of infatuation with her.

Later on we are introduced with the creation of a cyborg. ¬†Maria being chosen as the original to copy (1:23:10). ¬†Rotwang hopes that she will do his bidding and completely destroy everything that Joh Frederson created. ¬†So the Machine-man uses Maria’s status as a¬†preacher of the Mediator, in order to influence the workers to destroy all the machines that run Metropolis (1:42:00). ¬†The workers happily indulged on the permission to destroy everything that they built because they were just tired of all of the labor they had to endure just to keep the machines going. ¬†But what the workers did not know is that they were actually destroying their own lives. ¬†The Heart-Machine, which pretty much holds all of Metropolis together (1:50:09), is like the heart of the city. ¬†Once that is destroyed everything else will be destroyed along with it.

Lastly, after the Heart-machine was destroyed the city of workers began to collapse and the homes of the workers along with it.  The workers were incredibly blinded by rage, that they completely forgot about their children.  Maria, Josaphat, and Freder were all present to save the children while the enraged workers were dancing joyfully in front of a demolished Heart-Machine.  The workers soon realize the mistakes they have made and decided to take out the source of the issue which was the Machine-man (2:17:00).  With the Machine-man burning at a stake, the real Maria is being kidnapped by Rotwang, then was saved by Freder.

Overall, the film had many twists and turns involving many scenes that included sprinting from place to place. ¬†The exposure of the workers conditions was the only way for Freder to become the Mediator, if he wasn’t exposed than this type of dysfunctional society would have continued. ¬†The workers planning to overthrow Joh was completely expected, due to his ambition of keeping his wonderful city running at all times. ¬†The catacombs which was mentioned in the film, had presented us with the seven deadly sins. ¬†The person who seems to fit with all of the sins is Rotwang. ¬†Considering his ambitions and how he views Joh Frederson. ¬†As the Mediator Freder was finally able to fulfill his task, and get Grot, the chief of the workers and his father Joh to shake hands and hopefully commence a new way to reform their society¬†(2:26:13).

Metropolis: An Ancient Tale in Modern Morality

Popular sci-fi likes to demonize technology. Smart sci-fi questions those behind the technology. Metropolis is an example of the latter. To start, there is very little technology in the story. That which does come up throws the world for a loop and brings the machine to a screeching halt. It is the Machine-man and according to the characters of Metropolis, it is the manifestation of the seven deadly sins in one form. But it is man made and so where does the fault lie in it’s actions throughout the film: in it or it’s creators?

My two cents: the fault lies in it’s creators. Machine is not inherently bad. It just can’t be. You see, technology is a vehicle, a medium for us. To do what, you may ask. Quite simply: everything. Technology is nothing more than a tool to us; a means to an end and that is no different now than it was to Lang when he made Metropolis. My argument goes back to the first time I read Lord of the Flies. People are inherently evil whether we would like to believe it or not. Sure both these stories put us in dire situations and these situations are prone to push us to our limits but do you ever stop to realize that we don’t stop. I’m not saying defeat or surrender is a viable option but what I am trying to say is that for a so called civilization we sure do always meet the same grisly fate at our own hands.

In our second meeting with Maria, we see her holding a service of sorts with the workers in the city below as her audience. She preaches to them about love and peace. She tells them to be patient and wait for a mediator to bring the “head and the hands” together. But at the end of the service, one man in attendance is quick to reassure her that they’re done being patient. Civility has gotten them nowhere to this point and they’re tired of the games. They praise her like the heaven-sent angel she is but they’re slow to truly place all of their trust in her. Flashforward to the climax of the story and look at the rally that her doppleganger throws. The crowd is enthralled with her chants of violence and death. They’re hanging on the edge of her every word. The very way Joh plans to use the machine-man to incite them to violence is feeding into their deepest desires making the machines violent rhetoric work both ways. Both sides are using the machine to their own benefit, seeing what they want in it’s promises. For Christ’s sake, the people didn’t even think of their children before they marched their way to the heart machine and destroyed their homes.

This is just the way I see it. There are multiple things that can be drawn from this film but that was the most immediate to me. From the moment Freder’s involvement in the displacement of the workers was revealed, I couldn’t help but think of how easily it is for man to use machine and their fellow man to further themselves in the world. ¬†And Metropolis doesn’t shed much light on why man does this except for comfort. Sickening: yes. Awfully realistic: Yes.

History repeats itself

The film starts out with machinery film shots which capture attention well to give off a theme of an industrial life for those who we are introduced to. The workers, the people who keep all the machinery flowing smoothly. At 5:04, you see that their heads are looking downward as they drag their feet to work. Have they accepted their fate as nothing more than a drone living for only one purpose? As they head down to the¬† Worker’s City, the buildings remind me of the housing projects I see everyday in The Bronx. It feels a bit eerie to see something made so long ago only to have it spawn in your neighborhood in the present. In this movie, your freedom depends on who you born into. Child of a worker lives a meaningless life of labor in the machines. The offspring of the city’s social elite is given access to the Son’s Club, a place teeming with knowledge and activities. You can go visit the library, run the track field or play in the Eternal Gardens. (6:10)

In minutes 15-17, Freder witnesses an accident at the Machine-Halls. He had a vision where the Machine took the form of a giant demon face, eating up the workers harmed by the steam. It looks like a symbol of the human toll it takes to keep these leviathan metal contraptions running. When the injured and dead are cleared, the work continues like nothing has happened. After this, we meet Joh Fredersen, the man who planned the building of Metropolis. Joh is the mind in this film, for he is the one made the city plans. He is a man of little compassion. He does not seem to worry about the workers upon hearing about the explosion. When Joh’s son asks where the ‘people who built this city’, his response is merely ‘…Off where they belong.’ (24:30)

(52:33) Maria begins her tale: The Legend of the Construction of Tower of Babel. She talks of a grand tower that stretched into the sky. The men who had thought up this tower couldn’t do it alone. They hire help, a lot of it. It is built by the sweat and blood of the common man. The praise from the makers had begun to grow sour on the workers. In altercation, the tower is destroyed. I find this to be interesting as I consider it the foreshadowing of of events to come. The hard work of the common man feels taken for granted from the men on top of the tower. When left with no options, anger can make people do the unthinkable. In this case, nearly bringing a city to ruin.

Metropolis, its pretty entertaining

Hey team welcome back! This week we saw the great sci fi epic Metroplis from 1927. Its a very old movie from before they could capture sound so we are given a nice orchestra, exaggerated acting to substitute for words and decent special effects.

Metropolis starts off giving us a quote “The mediator between brain and hands must be the heart” which will be repeated multiple times through out the film.¬†Metropolis is a huge city, we are first introduced to the working class who does ten hour shifts and works until near collapse. They have the workers city which is under the earths surface. Above is the grand city of Metroplis where only the elite live. This split in society causes tension towards main character Frederson as he sees his own fellow citizens must suffer in order to keep his privileged lifestyle going. Fredersen takes on the role of Mediator hoping to unite ¬†society as one. One theme i soon stated to pick upon was that the different economic classes must unite.

Fredersens father is the master of the city and was even called “The Brain of the city” (24:02). Its shown that he shares no sympathy for the working class when stating “People who built this city with their hands is the hand, they are underground where they belong” (24:33). Frederson JR shows concern and quickly hopes to understand these people by working along side them. ¬†As he begins to fulfill the role of Mediator its made clear that he must take on the role of the heart. At the end of the movie he succeeds in doing so by helping Grot the controller of the machine heart, and Frederson the leader of this city hold hands in unity and creating peace. I see him being the only candidate able to do so as the son of the most elite he has connection to power, but because of his young age and soft personality he is able ¬†to sympathize for the working class. The theme of the working and leading class uniting for a better future plays out well, without unity their society would have easily fallen apart.

Another thing featured heavily on the movie is Biblical allusions. We do not really know if most people are religious in Metropolis but its obvious that the working class follows religious traditions of attending mass and waiting for a mediator to come save them all. Its very similar to Christianity and we are even shown some croses. The story also shows a biblical allusion of of how the anti Christ would arrive ( 1:07) The scene right after is the finishing touches of the Machine Man who will soon go off to destroy society. The machine man follows the old biblical story giving it a twist of its own being an android and all. The use of Bible scriptures in this setting was very interesting as it estranges the old story’s i knew so well into a futuristic setting. Th machine Mans end goal was to further create tension between the Hand and Brain of society.

By the end of it all The heart has mediated and brought together the hand and brain. It was a fun movie with probably one of my new favorite villains. anyways goodnight guys.

Shift Change

Metropolis a story about a perfect world until what’s truly happening in the depths under the city comes to light to Freder a son to the masters of this “Metropolis”. The workers are the real soul of this place, they keep the Machine running and without their constant work it will fail. When a worker wasn’t able to keep up with the pace needed to keep everything in order there was an explosion hurting said worker, and causing damage to other works around him and the Machine. If the workers don’t maintain their pace the temperature will raise if that temperature rises beyond a set amount it will overheat. It was when Freder actually traded places with a worker was he able to see what harsh conditions they work under, especially the 10 hour work day. Rotwangs use of the Cyborg or robot to try and control the only sense of hope the workers have to cling to, to survive in their world was interesting. It shows how evil technology can be when used for the wrong things, or put in the wrong hands. He used the most advanced technology he created to take the place of Marie just to destroy the one thing the workers had remaining, hope. Rotwang became this way because of Heartbreak, proving one the most important there of the story. The head and the hands need the heart to work in unison. Without his Heart he lost his compassion, and it lead him down a path to create what he lost, and use it for evil.

The Dichotomy of Setting in “Metropolis”

Straying from my comfort zone of analyzing characters, plot, and literary devices (such as symbolic objects/events), I’m going to talk more about the settings of Metropolis because I feel it warrants a bit of attention compared to doing so with literary text. You don’t get the same effect when someone describes a place compared to when a film shows you the place right in front of you to interpret.

At the very second of the film when the title comes into view (2:58), you are greeted with a magnificent panorama of the illustrious city of Metropolis…but then are immediately taken away from it to be shown the daily lives of workers, a stark ‚Äúshift change‚ÄĚ (3:59). I questioned why the film would do this; portray this picturesque, grand cityscape and then shift gears entirely to showcase the struggle of the working class (who are shown to reside below, via the use of elevators). It seemed as though a ‚Äútease‚ÄĚ to the audience, or even moreover it’s a tease to the residence of the Working City.

They struggle throughout their entire life, being the (literal) foundation of Metropolis and never get to go to the surface with all the good they did for their sister city. This is evident with Maria bursting in with children saying that the residents of the upper-class are ‚Äúbrothers‚ÄĚ to the children (10:41), and then immediately being escorted out. The people of Metropolis obviously strive to keep the residence of the Working City hidden away underground to not ruin the allure of their city. And yet, they need one another, because without the dream of living in Metropolis the working class would not have something to work towards, and without the hard work of the Working City the upper-class would not have their machines working to power their city. You can see this allure to Metropolis with Georgy, when Freder switches places with him (34:30); when he’s in the cab (35:35) he initially follows directions and is heading towards the apartment with Josaphat, but then is quickly tempted by the fun/excitement Metropolis has to offer and switches course.

Something that struck me throughout the film was that there were very little scenes that showed the Metropolis. A lot more shots were taken of the Working City, which also fosters the idea that this cinematographic decision was meant to illustrate Metropolis more as a ‚Äúutopia‚ÄĚ (in the etymology of the word, meaning ‚Äúa place that doesn’t exist‚ÄĚ). We in our lives right now are living in the ‚ÄúWorking City‚ÄĚ as we try to work out our day-to-day life, while always hoping to make it to ‚ÄúMetropolis‚ÄĚ, a place where we can be comfortable/care-free. That’s what I took away from this, but I might be overthinking it or building it up more than it should.

Another direction that I take with the two settings is that Metropolis above is viewed as a ‚Äúparadise‚ÄĚ while the working class are still living the struggles of life…so in a way Metropolis can be viewed as heaven and the Working City is Earth in a Judaeo-Christian viewpoint. With the insurmountable amount of biblical undertones (and blatant references of Revelations with the ‚ÄúWhore of Babylon’), it’s probably no surprise that these two settings can be seen as such. I mean, the Eternal Gardens (7:30) look so much like the ‚ÄúGarden of Eden‚ÄĚ or at least makes you feel like it is, so Metropolis must have some connection to heaven. Could also possibly be representations of Sodom and Gomorrah, but I don’t have enough information on those biblical cities to make a concrete answer.

One last little tid-bit that’s not necessarily related to setting. When Freder leaves Josaphat near the elevator right as Jon Fredersen’s assistant comes up the elevator (1:13:25), you see a working class man going up the elevator on the left side and an upper-class woman coming down on the right side (based on both their attires, I made this judgment on their class). I find it very fitting the rising of the working class and the fall of the upper-class happens through a simple, overextended camera shot. This happens midway through the film, so it’s just a masterstroke of cinematography to present that idea through visual representation/foreshadowing.

Thoughts on Metropolis

After watching the movie “Metropolis, I thought that it was quite interesting. The way how they still show the difference between the poor and the rich, but that’s not what its all about for sure. I liked the part when Freder, Joh Freder’s son, was able to make the decision on his own. When he saw the girl who was taking care of the poor children, whose name is Maria, and how he discovered about the workers working around the machine in the Depths of the city, it changed into a different person from who he was. How does he show that he changed? It was when he went back to the Depths and he saw a worker working with 2 arms and had to used them to point onto the two lightbulbs when they glow. Freder then told the worker that he would like to take his place and let him be free.

Another thing that I thought was interesting was when Rotwang, a mad¬†scientist¬†¬†who was¬†obsess with his dead woman named Hel, who was also Freder’s mother, kidnapped Maria and made a copy of Maria by using his creation Machine Man and his analysis pod that is used to analyze the¬†body and have it transferred¬†into a robot. The reason why I find it interesting is because the movie also tells us about¬†an insane¬†woman Babylon The Great, who was the mother of abominations of the Earth. So, the way how the movie is saying about the copy of Maria is that she symbolizes Babylon The Great. To show how her actions made chaos to the city is when she was ordered by Joh Freder to go to the workers secret catacombs and to¬†make sure that their rebellion¬†ends. As she arrived their, she¬†started¬†telling¬†everyone to stop waiting and to cause destruction of the¬†machines. She’s¬†told everyone to rebel¬†by using violence. And¬†it¬†actually worked onto these guys. Just as they¬†arrived at the Depths¬†of the city, she¬†got the rest of the¬†workers to join into her side and made the people¬†destroy the heart of the machine. The result of that was that it made¬†the¬†poor city flooded.

But the most important thing that I liked about¬†the movie was a certain quote. And that quote is “The mediator between head and hands must be the heart.” What that quote means to me is that¬†no matter what kind of challenges lies forward in their life, they will always have god in their hearts. Meaning god will always be in their side and will always support you. Overall to say, I liked the movie and I may tell some people, even my parents to watch it.

Phantom Pain

Hydraulics glide up and down, gears turn, and men trudge along with downcast faces. Fritz Lang’s Metropolis (1927) depicts a two class mechanical society. On the surface, a brilliant society full of lights and towering skyscrapers. Far below is a dark and mechanical city where the workers dwell. Below men are turned into machines, above machine is turned into man. Lang presents the question, what is the difference?

At shift change, men march forward in unison. (04:20) They tend to the machines in a robotic fashion. (14:10) Freder and Georgy switch roles. The diligent working machine-like Georgy experiences how the other half lives. He is immediately seduced by vices. Freder undergoes a harrowing ten-hour ordeal. Many visual parallels are made between Freder at the machine and various clocks. Fredersen looks at his watch and the movie cuts to Freder struggling with the hands of the machine. (46:40) A brief shot is shown of a watch hung over a dial, both ticking forward.

Rotwang is instructed to make the robot indiscernible from man. Once she is given Maria’s likeness, she immediately begins corrupting men. She is without inhibitions, appearing nearly nude in front of rabid men. She encourages them to act erratically. Her movement is odd, irregular in fashion similar to the workers underground. Josaphat tells Freder she “…is also named Maria… (1:38:00) The machine given the opportunity is no different from us.

Arguably the city is a machine. Made up of thousands of moving parts and systems intricately working together to create a single machine. Yet the city is described as having a head, hands and a heart. The city is a man. Granted man and machine are different. Rotwang however wants the two to become one. He is willing to kill the hand to do so. Exclaiming about the loss of his own hand, he says ‚ÄúIsn‚Äôt it worth the loss of a hand to have created the man of the future, the Machine-Man?‚ÄĚ (0:43:46) Although he is the villain, Rotwang seems to have suffered a greater loss with the death of Hel. He is heart broken and has grown callous. He is all head, no hand or heart. No longer a man.

The only thing missing in the Machine-Man is heart, in the poetic sense. The Machine-Man does indeed seem to have a heart physically (1:25:30), but exhibits no remorse for its actions. Despite our shared capabilities for barbarism or stultifying work, we are distinguished from machines by our potential for compassion and empathy.


Metropolis is an interesting film created by Fritz Lang in 1927. As soon as the film begins questions pop up in your head. You immediately see two different worlds. Metropolis is a big advanced city. Poor laborers and their families live underneath the city while the rich lives in the city. The beginning of metropolis was very intense because I as a viewer was trying to learn who, what, where is Metropolis. As the film began to climax it became more predictable. For example, Maria was speaking to the workers in secret standing in front of multiple crosses. ¬†This scene caused me to question where is the church for the workers seeing as the rich have a nice beautiful church. When she began to speak you could tell that she was trying to calm the workers. She begins to tell the story of babel and you can see in it that she does not want the fate of Metropolis to end in that way. In her speech to the workers she says, ‚ÄúThe mediator between head and hands must be the heart‚ÄĚ (55:42). As the film goes on you see that this means that the brain cannot deal with the hand peacefully and vice versa without the heart. Without the heart the hand and head causes more disruption to themselves and others.

I would compare this to technology and people. As technology is developed in the world the heart has to be involved because technology must not be more important than the well being of people, animals, and the earth.  Technology is built that can harm people, animals, and the earth and people use innocent technology to do hateful and mean things. An example of using technology for evil was through the Rowang who developed a robot to hurt Metropolis master Joh and in turn almost ruined a whole city. Technology should definitely not be used that why. I could see that faith and compassion is important to have in Metropolis.

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