City Tech, Fall 2016

Category: Class Notes (Page 1 of 3)

Class Notes for 12.15.16

Class Notes for December 15th, 2016.

Professor Belli shared with the class her favorite cookies that she had been lugging with her all day. Alex also courteously provided chocolates. Thanks again!

Reminder, please be tidy in your classrooms as some of the staff are becoming experts in small mammal coprology.

More importantly, please spread the word Professor Belli’s course next semester Paradise, Perfection, Anarchy, & apocalypse: The World-building of Utopias & Dystopias, English 3402-D602: Topics in Literature.

Download (PDF, 307KB)

Passionate peer reviews were exchanged and the drafts were discussed in groups.

Important Information

Final Draft, including the cover letter, is due on Monday, December 19th before 11:59 pm. The cover letter is an integral part of the final draft and your grade, it is not inconsequential. The assignment will be posted to OpenLab in PDF form alongside a 300 word abstract in the post. The assignment must also be submitted to Dropbox as a word document.

The final course reflection is due the next day, Tuesday December 20th by 4:00 pm. This is also part of the final assignment. It will be addressed privately to Professor Belli, so feel free to speak candidly and honestly. Comment on the course overall and use of the OpenLab website. This is to be submitted to Dropbox as a word document.

More on that here:

Additionally, for Professor Belli’s convenience, mental fortitude, and your own grade, label the papers clearly.

E.g. Johnny Zapata, Archive Project Final Draft

Also, papers that do not have in text citation or a works cited page will not be accepted. Anyone who plagiarizes will fail the assignment. If you are uncertain how to properly cite a work, there are resources online and Professor Belli will gladly answer any questions emailed within reasonable time.

If you fail the assignment for any reason, you will fail the course.

Proposals for Science Fiction activities in City Tech!

  • I humbly proposed a Science Fiction book club in which no one would physically attend. I had good intentions.
  • Another proposal, Science Fiction versus Science Fact club.
  • Live chat in OpenLab

Professor Belli congratulated the class on their hard work, perseverance and the classes’ overall progress.

Good luck everyone!

Class Notes 12/08/16


No Classes Tuesday 12/13 (Reading Day)

First Draft due Monday 12/12 11:59EST

First Drafts are peer reviewed by members of assigned groups (see schedule) and vice versa. Each group member must critique each other work.

  • Final project grade will be deducted a full letter grade if group members draft is left neglected or if drafts aren’t posted by due date.

Thursday 12/15 Class will be in session and peer review will continue

Note: Professor Belli will be available Mon-Thurs if help is needed moving forward in the Archive Project (email ahead of time for a reasonable meeting time).


Alex – That which is defined Utopia and Dystopia

Claim – The base definition of what is utopia and dystopia, in addition to the parallels of utopian/dystopian text, facts and advancement

Marco – Connection between Science Fiction and Fashion

Claim – The clothing of science fiction speak about society, as well as, being critical to the world today.

Ruben – Dreaming or living in Science Fiction

Claim – Science Fiction film uses dream sequencer in order to explore the limited perception of reality.

Jovan – Politics in Science Fiction

Claim – The presence of politic and law throughout science fiction novels and literature has not only shaped the characters within the texts, but has also changed the development path of characters.

Duran – The Connection of Androids and African American

Claim – African Americans and Androids share similar fates due to people’s misconception and unacceptance in society.

Moises – Architects of the Future or Harbingers of Doom

Claim – Technology has served as a force of division more than an unifier.

Tajay – Human Behavior in the Post-Apocalypse

Claim – The change in human behavior is based on the reality of their setting.

Notes 12/6/16


These presentations are made to be followed up with the written report

Be critical! This is for improvement upon the presenters’ work.


Daniel Mai’s Presentation

-Title: People Choose Artificial Intelligence over other people

Research into why humans would choose and AI over a real person

Example: The film ‘Her’

Xiaoice: AI built by Microsoft

-Deep learning AI: Learns to reiterate human conversation

  1. Human Beings are lonely creatures

– AI’s are points of comfort; always available to listen

  1. People do not realize that AI’s are not human.

-Alan Turing: created the Turing test in the 50’s. Identifies a computer through a series of questions.

  1. AI’s are easier to deal with than humans.

Final Thoughts: Human relationships to AI’s can be bad and beneficial.

-Human mind is fragile.


-What are the benefits of human/AI relationships?

-What questions were asked in the Turing Test?

-Is the focus mainly on the relationships between humans and machines?

-Problem of increased intimacy b/w both.

-What other research amongst the Turing test can you use?


Cody’s Presentation


Definition: The process whereby a hostile environment is altered to be fit for human life.

Example: NOMAD skyscraper vehicles to terraform Mars via greenhouse gases.

Humanity has done its own terraforming here on Earth.

-Why Terraforming?

– Survival and Resources

– Over population and sustainable life for humans

– Awakens the sense of progress for humanity


– We can wipe out lifeforms on other planets.

-Possible invasion scenario where humans are the invaders

– Humanity has an ugly history of doing both to species on Earth.

-Last thoughts

– We will be needing terraforming and it seems to be our answer for sustaining human life.

– Even with the question of wiping out the hosts of another planet, humans will still choose terraforming for their own survival.


-What concepts are in place now for terraforming?

– Can we practice a sustainable life without the need for terraforming.


Daniel Mayorga.

Parrallels between science fiction and real-world military weapons.

Military Science fiction: A subgenre of Science Fiction that involves the military (US Military), battles (war) and usually revolves around futuristic scenery.

The US Military has the most advanced offensive and defensive weapon technology and development.

–  Influence is draws from film. The question is: Is it implementable?

– Design process determines the capabilities and limitations are applied as well.

Benefits to US military

  • Obedient super soldiers.
  • PTSD limits with short term memory loss.
  • Strength and healing beyond normal human capability.


Aircraft development

  • Design shows offensive and defensive prowess
  • Pilot-less aircraft
  • Concept designs are reminiscent of science fiction aircraft. (Lockheed SR-72 vs Republic Attack cruiser)

Are these parallels ethical?

  • Forced short term memory.
  • Breaking human limits can be questionable
  • Are the technological advancements doing more harm than help?

Conclusion: Weapons are produced through the inspiration of military science works. This allows the US military to grow in term of firepower.


-Will ego play a role in the behavior of super soldiers? Will these futuristic weapons end up on the streets?

– Can these super soldiers transition to civilian life or are they stuck to a lifetime as a grunt?



Gynoids: The impacts of female robots in real life.

  • Gynoid is a more modern term for robot/androids in human female form.
  • Robotess is the oldest gender-specific term (1921)

Can female robots be beneficial to society?

  • They can when it comes to caring and teaching; humans are more receptive to females (warm and inviting over a male robot)
  • Researchers suggest society needs strong female role models in the robotic variety.

Negative Aspects of Gynoids

  • Their design can be biased. From Bride of Frankenstein to Ex Machina, mankind has an unhealthy obsession with creating the ‘perfect woman’. It usually ends in bad results.
  • The stereotypes of how a woman ‘should look’ contributes to the objectification of woman.
    • ‘Sexy curves’ and features.
    • Scarlett Johansen robot is an example. (Reacts to compliments like: you’re very pretty, looking good today)
  • Does the opposite sex view them as romantic companions and objects rather than helpful companions?


Gynoids can be both benficial and a burden on society.

  • Can provide comfort to human beings. (interactive, warm and inviting)
  • Can be used for the objectification of women.
  • There is a need for more females in robotics.


Are gynoids rare because of the male-dominated field of science fiction?

Will this decrease our want to create more gynoids?


Commercialization of Science Fiction

Distinction of Commercialization: Franchises, brands and Intellectual Properties that were made primarily for entertainment of consumers or had the intention to try and make money. (Star Wars, Warcraft)

  • May have a deeper meaning or tries to convey an idea about our society, but are usually monetized or made to be marketed.

History of Science Fiction

  • Shift from ‘poetic’ to the ‘political’
  • Originates from the commercial success of films
  • Fandom is a big factor (from casual to extreme)
  • Text can be targeted for mainstream or cult followings (smaller, but hardcore fan base)

Research (Threefold)

  • Fandoms: range, effects on sci-fi culture and causes for creation.
  • Marketing: How markets try to appeal to consumers and what they view as the most profitable part of their campaign.
  • Focus of the texts: Seeing the intent of heavily Commercialized Science Fiction; consider the causes of success or failure.


  • There is a relation to the scope of the creator’s intended audience, success of the franchise, and the resulting content.
  • The scale of the company that makes the creative work is important to the content it makes.
    • Comparing Disney to something different like Warhammer 40k, which has a niche audience)
  • The more marketable = The more encompassing the content is to the larger audience.


Does Commercialization put a damper on the creative work that the creator would want?

If it is mostly for the money, will fans notice a difference in or lack of complex storylines, themes and messages that the franchise would try to convey to them?

Class Notes 11/17/2016


Class Announcements

(This was posted a little late. I apologize for the inconvenience. )

The Science Fiction Symposium will be held on Tuesday 11/29 from 9-5pm offering science fiction panels. If you would like to volunteer to speak on the student panel that is being offered speak to Professor Belli. It would be nice if we have 4-5 students to volunteer in the student panel about science fiction, class experiences, final projects, and connections to other classes.

Science Fiction Archive Project

  • All projects must have a direct connection to science fiction and help the audience understand science fiction in another way.
  • Your research paper should answer the question so what?
  • You as the researcher should be learning more about science fiction.
  • Find and document research sources.
  • Have a revised proposal by Tuesday 11/21.

By Tuesday 11/17

Please have….

  • Completed clear research focused paragraphs with a minimum of 500 words
  • Upload paragraphs with a reflection on how your proposal has evolved
  • Bring in 4 printed copies for peer review
  • Email professor Belli for feedback by Monday

Class Notes 12/1/2016

  • All of the class time was spent within the City Tech library looking at a very impressive collection of Science Fiction works, namely the Science Fiction Archive.  The collection was given by a very generous donor who basically collected any type of Science Fiction work throughout his years.  This collection consisted of books, magazines, manga, etc.  In addition, the collection consisted of works from different time eras and some were more fragile than others.
  • There was a PowerPoint presentation about the process on how the Science Fiction collection arrived at City Tech.  Some of the major problems presented when housing this collection was resources and space.  As a result, most of the collection ended up in the City Tech library.

Here is an overview on the content within the old Science Fiction magazines from the collection:

  • Science Fiction magazines have a mixture of content.  They include short stories, novellas, and serializations of novels.
  • They include Scientific facts content, which involve space travel, physics, etc.
  • Editorials written by the editors.
  • The most exciting part, were the letters written to the editors.  This can also be seen as an alternative to writing comments through the internet.
  • These magazines contained advertisements, and pictures similar to political cartoons.
  • The magazines contained images based on the authors perception of actual sciences.

Here are some images of some of the various content within the magazines.

what-if     poli      phy-and-metaphy

comments    ads-on-the-back    market-place


  • Next Week we will have Final Project presentations on Tuesday 12/6 & Thursday 12/8.  Check OpenLab for the day that you will present.
  • If you are unsure about what to include within the presentation, check the open lab site for the presentation requirements.
  • Reflection on class visit to Science Fiction archive due Saturday 12/3 by 11:59 pm, categorize as “City Tech Science Fiction Archive.”
  • Final Project Progress Report due Monday 12/5 by 11:59 pm; post to OpenLab course site, categorized as “Project Progress.”
  • In-Class Final Project Presentations (post before 4pm on the day you are presenting)


* If there is any other information that I may have missed, feel free to post it as a comment.

Class Notes 11/22. Important!

Hello Everyone!

Before starting the second peer review for our archive project, professor Belli started with some important announcements that are and will take place in the few remaining weeks of the class semester. First of all, the Citytech email had been going  through some modifications which has caused several changes for both faculty and alumni email accounts. Therefore, if you have sent an email to Professor Belli and have not received any response yet, it is because of these new changes that are taking place in the Citytech mail account. So you can either send another email to her, and she would be happy to answer all your questions and concerns you have. Also, and this very but very important for the entire class, today we received our Midterm test back and since the grades were not great enough, our professor gave us, as a Thanksgiving gift, 10 points extra which is equivalent to 1 questions from part 2 of the test, which prevent some people from failing the test.

However, to help us boost our grades and since the professor has seen the effort we are putting into the class, she proposed and it was unanimously accepted by the class that the 30% of the grade left for the entire course was divided into the following:

Final Project  25%

Final Reflection  5%

For the Final Project, there will be a 5 minute presentation in  class where each student will learn and have the opportunity to get feedback for the Final Project. The next class we will be given a rubric of how the presentation will be graded. Additionally there is also part of the final project that will count as a part of the grade such as the Project Progress Blog which is due by Monday 11:59 and it will be an overview to check how your project is going along. For more information about the presentation and the steps towards the final project, there is a post made in the Archive Project under the Assignment Tab in the City Tech OpenLab. PLEASE READ THE ASSIGNMENT CAREFULLY! and if you have any questions about it or there is something that does not seem clear to you email her before thanksgiving. Do not wait until the last minute or you will have problems with the project.

Further announcements is that we will have a symposium Tuesday, 29th in which there will be several panelists talking about the science fiction genre. We will not meet as a class that day but there will be a chance to get an extra credit by attending the symposium and writing in the blog in the City Tech OpenLab. Also if you still want to form part of the symposium, you are more than welcome to do so, it will count as an extra credit as well.

Next week, Professor Belli will meet individually with each one of us in order to discuss the final project, get approval(if it has not happened yet), how is the project getting along or if there is more questions or concerns that you are not clear. These meeting will take place through several days the professor assigned and it will be approximately 20 minutes long. Please bring some sources and more information that you need to work on. Do not come unprepared to the meeting otherwise you will be sent home and it will count as an absence. Also arrive a few minutes early before the time you will have your meeting. Please read the assignment for the Archive Project and email to the professor if you have any questions.

Other than that I wish you all a Happy Thanksgiving, eat tons of food and have a memorable time with your loved ones.


Class Notes 11.10.16


Greeted to the class with some quotes:

  • “Utopia also entails refusal, the refusal to accept that living beyond the present is delusional, the refusal to take at face value current judgments of the good or claims that there is no alternative” (Levitas 17)
  • “This is painful, and it will be for a long time” (HRC 11/9/16)
  • “misogyny sexism” was on the board and left since it was apt for the discussion at hand

We took a pause today compared to our usual discussions to relate more to the real world and with recent events; but to still be productive we reflected it back to certain topics we discussed, such as comparing it to Utopian thinking and science-fiction.

We focused on talking about difficult things and did it in the spirit of dialog and critical engagement; we wrote and reflective personally at first and then shared ideas collectively.


First question to reflect on: “Ask yourself, how are you feeling? Describe, if there is anything, what’s blocking you from writing today.”

Extended from the initial question: “What questions or thoughts are on your mind?”

Some of the captured responses:

”Try to bring levity to a situation; couldn’t sleep, no one discussed it (avoidance); we should unite; put this behind us; like a Catch-22, there should be a response although a response would divide us further; we need to accept it, but it feels wrong to do so”

”Also agree; government talks about the peaceful transfer (sanctity of democracy); we can’t be destroying our government, but be prepared and willing if things go wrong; my fear is that a lot of people are afraid, illegal immigrants; hardworking people, on the path to citizenship, their efforts are going to waste; don’t be violent, but be prepared for protest and peaceful opposition”

”It was inspired by fear and bigotry; lose faith in people”

”Responding to bad things is not a downer”

”It’s an apt time to be a down; have a friend in New Mexico who was a journalist, covering elections and it took it out of him, Trump supporter threw a rod in his leg; try to make the best of this, acceptance shouldn’t be what we should do; he represents some faction of the nation, but not my interest; didn’t talk to my friends; minorities have a target on their path, fear monger”

”Confused; didn’t trust either candidate, but lesser of evil was Clinton; not sure if it’s a good thing or not that Trump won though”

“This election shows the true character of our country; it’s the divided states; this division gave a platform for Trump to talk from; appealed to people that felt ignored by the rest of us”

”Had no plans; just said ‘there will be jobs, not a crooked politician’ and such; won the election through violence/fear; will inspire people, but unfortunately in a negative way”

”Reminiscent of Hitler; blaming minorities akin to what Hitler did to win support through scapegoats”

”One of the worst things is that he’s going to be in our history books; in the future people will think ‘wow, we picked that guy?’”

”Played off fear and showed the ignorance of America; poor kids who are Muslim and Black are targeted because the president would back up this hate; makes you lose so much faith in people”

”Most people who supported Trump did it for ‘threat of terrorism’, meanwhile NY voted against him; we’re the ones who have and are more prone to terrorist attacks and yet we knew not to go with Trump; makes no sense”

”Trump wins no matter what happens in office; nothing he does in office, will affect his business or his contacts and still benefits even if he has a bad term”

”52% of white women voted Trump, terrifying; misogyny seems to be internalized; 94% black women voted for Clinton; I don’t feel angry, I’m actually sad; large percent of population felt like they were the ‘other’; it also seems like words have no connection to reality because you can say things without consequences”

”Hate of electoral college and wish that it would get reformed or altered for a modern America that can easily evaluate what the majority of the nation believes is the right candidate to lead the country”

”It’s like a ‘grievance’; the process of grief partly talks about re-imagining what your life would’ve looked like; unsure of the future, with not platform”

”Feels like an ‘alternate’ time-line; like Back to the Future, where Biff becomes the Mayor of Marty’s town”

”Obama had the most amount of people to vote for him; but Trump brought out a different crowd of people that did not vote before as well; people are being malicious for no reason”

”Forums are talking about legitimately and seriously saying ‘do be safe’; there are counter-movements of ‘white lives matter’ which brings out racist people in new forms and faces”

”Being someone who is young and of colour, I should be and feel worried for my safety”

”On the topic of ‘stop and frisk’, pence says there isn’t institutional racism and doesn’t acknowledge it; during the debate, Trump said ‘stop & frisk’ benefited NY; but I knew a guy who missed school 3 times a week in high school because he got stopped consistently by the same police officer every week; we were making progress by starting to talk about this institutional racism, but now we’re going backwards”

”Deportation, cutting services, attack on women’s rights are what Trump ran on; take those on their word, it’s scary to think he’ll be pushing for these ideas; there’s a cultural shift represented by this decision; watch Michelle Obama’s speech during the Democratic National Party, very powerful and speaks volumes; talking about ’empathy’, we can relate to one another with these fears, despite what I feel can’t be under sieged as much as others; we all fear for the worst though”

Light Break from Writing

Novel to note that is reminiscent of the results of the election: It Can’t Happen Here by Sinclair Lewis (1935)

  • Written during European fascism, demagogue wins the election, etc.

First quote (“Utopia also entails…”, Ruth Levitas):

  • Close connection to alternative ways of being

Second quote (“ This is painful…”, Hillary R. Clinton):

  • The concession speech and pretty much reflects how most of us are feeling, especially in the states that objectively disagrees with Trump

Cruising Utopia: The Then and There of Queer Futurity by Esteban Muñoz

  • About Utopian thinking and queer mentality, in regards to the ‘other’
  • “The present is not enough. It is impoverished and toxic for queers and other people who do not feel the privilege of majoritarian belonging, normative tastes, and “rational” expectations….Let me be clear that the idea is not simply to turn away from the present. One cannot afford such a maneuver, and if one thinks one can, one has resisted the present in favor of folly. The present must be known in relation to the alternative temporal and spatial maps provided by a perception of past and future affective worlds.”
  • Critically engage with what’s happening, don’t just accept it.

Octavia’s Brood: Science Fiction Stories from Social Justice Movements by Walidah Imarisha

  • About future black movements through Science-Fiction
  • “Whenever we envision a world without war, without prisons, without capitalism, we are producing speculative fiction. Organizers and activists envision, and try to create, such worlds all the time. Walidah Imarisha and Adrienne Maree Brown have brought twenty of them together in the first anthology of short stories to explore the connections between radical speculative fiction and movements for social change. The visionary tales of Octavia’s Brood span genres—sci-fi, fantasy, horror, magical realism—but all are united by an attempt to inject a healthy dose of imagination and innovation into our political practice and to try on new ways of understanding ourselves, the world around us, and all the selves and worlds that could be.”
  • Trying to re-imagine through movements, like with the opposition that’s happening right now (in NY and other states that voted against Trump)
  • Maintain hope even when it may seem hopeless

Writing/Discussion (Cont.)

Second question to reflect on: “Write down what your hopes are (although difficult) in the coming days/years. What are you fearful of?”

Extended from the initial question: “Think about anything that you can draw on from what we read in our class to use as a resource to think about what happened critically.”

Some of the captured responses (Fear):

”I’m afraid for my little sister getting bullied because of her skin colour; being an African American woman goes against me when people are approaching me”

”I’m afraid for people who are not legal immigrants”

”I’m afraid of the nuclear apocalypse, like in DADoES?”

”I want to hope that he is better than we have seen, but I’m afraid that it won’t come true”

”I’m afraid of being enlisted in the military”

”Obama was blocked because of republican control in the House and Senate, but now I’m afraid since Trump is a Republican and has a lot of power because of a majority in the other branches”

”This sounds a bit silly, but I’m afraid that America will turn out like the Galactic Empire from Star Wars, democracy goes away and an autocracy comes into power”

”This is a bit of a selfish fear, but I’m afraid that I’ll go back to thinking that I can ‘trust no one’; I want to go back to having faith in people but feel like I’ll go back to that mentality”

”I’m afraid for my brothers and sisters because of their colour; Trump is perpetuating mental slavery ‘no one takes the time out to learn and understand’ and thus creates ignorance; one of my biggest fears is in the people who believes in his ideas, they don’t educate themselves on the reality of things; ‘make America great again’ talks about reverting back to old times, when segregation and inequality was the norm”

”One of my biggest fears is that we’ll stop fighting and just accept everything; don’t be violent, but learn everything that Trump is trying to do in order to be involved and monitor whatever he tries to do”

”I’m afraid of mostly controlled Republican branches, since they’ll do everything in his interests; it’s ridiculous that corporations get even more rights; corporations are treated and get the same rights like an actual person, but people are getting less rights; they can do anything; full-on extremist ideas are a possibility”

”I’m afraid of student protests and the violence that comes with it; I’m also afraid if I have to pick a rifle for the second time in my life, but against out own fellow Americans”

”I’m afraid for the planet and the affects it will have from this”

Some of the captured responses (Hope):

”I hope that we learn how to be more involved; identify these bigot leaders and their influences”

”I hope for impeachment or removal of the president in some form”

”I hope for more unity, even with the disenfranchised that were with Trump; they need it more than we think since they felt like they were outed”

“Bernard, Helmholtz, and John’s banishment comes to mind when we talk about hope; even though it looks like a punishment, it’s oddly invigorating to improve myself like Helmholtz did when he went to an ill-fitted environment”

”I hope that he does a good job and that things won’t escalate to war (civil war in particular); just do a good job in 4 years and that we realize he was a mistake and go with a different person”

”I hope he was lying about everything he said”

”I’m hopeful that people will continue to talk about these issues; don’t cover up problems”

”I hope he doesn’t act as a puppet for other people’s interests; ironically, hoping that he continues to be a little kid interested in money and not to ruin the country”

”I hope he does a good job because hoping he does a terrible job is like hoping the pilot of the plane you’re on crashes; hoping for this is hard to do, but he’s in charge now and we need to to feel better about the situation”

”I hope that younger people stay engaged in politics; don’t just pop up in the next 4 years to elect someone but constantly be involved in politics”


Thanks to everyone for sharing and self-care is important at a time like this…

Back to logistics, Essay #2 is due on Tuesday

  • Ernest Hemingway said “the first draft of anything is shit”, so revise, revise, revise…
  • Remember to submit to Dropbox, make your cover letters, and follow the guidelines when making your next essay (it won’t be graded as laxly as the first essay)

Also, today marks the Last Day to Withdraw (although I uploaded the notes late, so you can’t drop with a W at this point anyway…)


Class notes 11/8/2016

“Franchise” – Asi Mov(1955)

  • Is Deck a replicant or not?

Androids have combat roles, deckard is combating the androids so it’s possible he could be one.

Deckard shows emotion and vulnerability to replicants while fighting showing he isn’t a replicant.

“More human than human”. Maybe deckard is a new type of android a test by the tyrell corporation to find flaws in the other androids.

Vote: 7 he is an Android. 6 He isn’t an android. 1 he is a cyborg. 14 votes in total

Discussing strategies of writing for essay two.

15 minute sitting and reviewing feedback given on essay one. Write a response on the feedback to be handed in with essay two.

  • Handout: A brief guide to the elements of the academic essay. By Gordan Harvey.


True but not obvious.

Difficult to tell when you are giving an analysis or a summary.

Make it something arguable.

Govern the whole essay (not disappear in places)

A way that you as a writer to make the connections for the reader.

Important the essay argument develops as it goes, end the essay in a better way then you started.


About your argument, what stand you take.

Have a purpose for being and also give people a reason to write and read about it.

In general people need to write more complicated thesis, and topic sentences.

Pointsplus significance

Key Terms:

Define your key terms for your reader.

Writing for a educated reader, someone who has read the text.

Provide only the summary/details when it is important to your argument.


Data, facts, and examples.

Bringing your perspective is different from a bringing outside information.

Analysis: MAJOR KEY 

Happens in your argument, after the evidence.

Topic sentences(Very important to develop good topic sentences) when done correctly they do all the things you need in a good essay.

Topic sentences are a summary of the paragraph.

The way to check your essay write the thesis then list the topic sentences in order.

Explain things that might be common sense to you, because it might not be common sense to the reader.

Transitions happen in the topic sentences.



4 addition handout given, review them to gather a better understanding for essay two.


Note’s 11/3/16

Hey all, here the class notes today. We began with  with a discussion on the  Blade Runner from our previous worksheet on Tuesday. We split into groups of three and worked for approximately twenty five minutes.

After our group we had a critical discussion with the class and learned some new terms.


Chiaroscuro is a technique seen in photography where some manipulates bright and dark lights in order to create a effect.\

Retrofitting is when someone takes old details or objects and makes it fit with something else. In this case for Blade Runner it would be the future.

We first started our discussion on question seven which asked about  the setting.

Question 7 Setting of “Blade Runner”

By using the setting certain scenes are able to heighten the feeling of crowdness and loneliness.

Because its so dark there is also an excess use of artificial light.

The constant rain and night creates a dark and morbid mood.

Tyrell’s home and building looks as though it were an Aztec or holy place. Symbolizing the importance he platys in the economy.

There is also a huge Asian aesthetic in the film.

The film also has a detective noir feel to it with the detective mystery involved.

Question 5 Symbolism of the eyes

We watched the first scene that focuses on the eyes, (bear with me) where Holden is performing the Voight Komp test on Leon. We have a weird action here where we the viewer watch through the camera Leon’s eye being watched  through an artificial eye in order to detect falseness.

Next we look at the scene where Roy and Leon confront Chew. Roy has an Obsession with his eyes specifically. The eyes which gave him his memories are very dear to him. Because of this Roy values his life highly. When we think about Roy’s scene with Tyrell he gouges his eyes out. Some believe this action represent him judging their right to live.

Question 3 Tyrell and Roys Conversation

There is a significance in the idea of Roy talking to Tyrell since he is his father, creator and god. We then see Roy killing Tyrell implying that he is now killing god. We have a contrast on this scene where Tyrell is dressed in white seeming more holy, while Roy comes in dressed in black appearing very dark and asking for his life to be extended. I personally saw this as one of the steps to grief, since here Roy is trying to bargain for his death to happen much later.

What do you think of the ending?

Many found it strange that Roy would let Rick live. We began thinking what was Roy thinking? When he Put the nail through his head, was it a symbol of crucifixion or was he leveling the field since he injured Rick’s hand?

Roy then shared his story after seeing Rick almost fall to his death. By seeing Rick in fear and saving him he could have been sympathizing and chose to save him.

The unicorn

Some believe the unicorn could represent Ricks desire to be with Rachel. The unicorn represents this mythical dream he wants to capture. Wanting Rachel to live and be happy is impossible. at the end when Rick sees the origami unicorn we could imply that Rick has gotten his dream/unicorn and Rachel wont have to die.

Another theory  is that the unicorn implies that Rick is an android. The reason why is that Rick had a dream of a unicorn so why would Gaff coincidentally leave him a unicorn figure, unless he has access to his memories.

But if Rick is android lets ask ourselves, What does it matter? What does it change about the story? What is Ridley Scott trying to make us question about humanity?

CLass Notes 11/1


  • Reflection Piece due Thursday 11/3 at the beginning of class. NO submitting on time and showing late or it’s invalidated.
  • Archive Project worth 20%
  • Review questions handed out in class especially questions 5, 6, and 7.
  • Midterm grades coming next week; Essays coming 11/3
  • Second Essay is up on the website.
    • Same format as last essay and due two weeks from today (Due 11/15)
  • Extra credit groups email Prof.

Sidenote: Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia means fear of short words ironically.

Blade Runner:

  • Adaptation- based on the story but not a direct translation(important to keep in mind), usually considered to be a better but that doesn’t always pan out
  • Sci-fi- biggest area of adaptation
  • Philip K. Dick- Minority Report, Total Recall, Man in the High Castle etc.
  • Final Cut, true final cut Ridley Scott had full creative control over, gets rid of voiceover, includes full Unicorn dream sequence, etc.
  • Professor made joke about “the cyber” – good one
  • Big questions concerning adaptations is “How adaptations reimagine the source text?”

Discussion on Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? and Blade Runner

  • This is the point where we began to look at different cover arts for the book.
  • Focus of this was to point out the idea of how imagery, especially the first imagery you see, can help guide the narrative.
  • Most of the covers were “obsessed” with the marriage of the authentic and ersatz, specifically the physical aspect of the two.
  • “Start to think of the choices made.”- concerning adaptations and what they purposefully include or exclude.

Class’ Thoughts on Blade Runner

  1. Joselin- Liked Roy, thought that the movie did more with the character to make him human
  2. Rino- Roy has different motivations in the movie, driven by desire to live longer.
  3. Ruben- The importance of memories, authentic or implanted
  4. Alex- The world felt more lively and populated in Blade Runner, dispels the post-apocalyptic notion of the text
  5. Emmanuel- Found Tyrell to be a stronger presence in the movie, more ambitious or challenging
  6. Shiaja- Clearer reason for hunting replicants
  7. Duron- Bothered by the nomenclature “replicants” Android is better, suggests they are actually trying to blend in because of the etymology of the word. Skinjob name is disgusting.
  8. Daniel- Screen lady stood out (Bonus points to you because this also stood out to me but I neglected to mention it)
  9. Danny- Felt the movie was too linear, no flexibility in andy characters. Pointed out the scene of Roy saving Rick.
  10. Johny- City as a  character(lighting played a huge role in this), Asian aesthetic made setting familiar but foreign( Kind of like Firefly even though it’s set in space)
  11. Tajay- Androids had really distinct personalities.
    1. Rachael, seductive and caring
    2. Roy- bluish, cold, uncaring
    3. Pris- playful, black eyes to denote something wrong(very similar to double of Maria in Metropolis)
  12. Cody- noted that the replicants were also combat models
  13. Me(Moises)- sleeker visual  of the city than the book


  • Mercerism is absent
    • Religious function
    • Motivated empathy in society
    • Way to connect people
    • Hope
    • integral to expose plot twist
  • Voight-Kampff test was present, empathy box was absent though
  • Animals played a smaller role
  • Iran is absent in the movie.
  • NO BUSTER(appears in a different form; remember it’s an adaptation)
  • No mention of World War Terminus
  • Garland side story with fake police is gone in the movie
  • Isidore becomes J.F Sebastian, “special” but not explicitly stated, bonds with replicants because of similar degenerative issue
  • No mood organ
  • Rachael/Rick relationship ends in a much different place
  • Ricks motivations are entirely different.

Additions in FIlm

  • Gaff w/ origimai figures
  • Unicron scene(plays into above point)
  • Obsession with reproduction and longevity; question “Where do people come from in this world?”
  • Sebastians toys
  • Scene where  Deckard warps the image to find Zhora, meta moment about film
  • Replicants highly sexualized, possible exhibiting of more human behavior
  • Rosen became Tyrell
  • Toy scene shows hierarchy among replicants
  • “Do we just see them[replicants] as toys?”

That’s all folks. Sorry for being late on notes, I had some technical difficulties the last few days.

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