City Tech, Fall 2016

Author: Tajay (Page 2 of 3)

Do Androids Dream of Blade Runners

Ridley Scott’s depiction of “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep,” titled Blade Runner, the viewer is on a thrill¬†ride of¬† authentic versus ersatz. In comparisons to the novel, the film follows Rick Deckard on an obsolete quest to eliminate androids (or replicates). Even so, the standpoint of Scott’s depiction is the use of human aesthetics¬†in a dark,¬†futuristic world.

Blade Runner setting is undeniably dark, both literally(majority of the film set at night)¬†and figuratively, as the audience is given a feeling of sinister apprehension. For example, the low lights in the gloomy night, in addition to¬†the use of dark colors to set the mood and the vividness of makeup to set apart each androids. First, Roy Batty is given a cold, spine-tingling¬†look to highlight his savagery. Pris, on the other hand showcased finely as her makeup displayed her eccentric innocence. Meanwhile, Rachael represented beauty and¬†passion as she played the role of Deckard’s love interest. Lastly, the extravagant makeup of Zhora (Luba Luft) showed her¬†interest of the arts, while the gruff makeup enhanced the brute, Leon(Polokov). By doing this, Scott¬†stressed the personality of the androids, ultimately giving the viewer empathetic feel for the character.

Moreover, Scott brilliantly showcased the struggle of Deckard’s frustrations with his job and empathy for the replicates(mainly Rachael). Beginning with Deckard being forced to return to his job as a “blade runner.”(11:05).¬† Deckard is reluctant, similar to Deckard of the novel he is fed up with his choice of career, but continues out of obligation. In comparison to Deckard of “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep,” he is¬† hesitant when it comes to Rachael, as both their fascination for Rachael blinds their judgment (31:18). As Deckard continued his duty of eliminating the replicates(androids), he successfully kills Zhora (57:47), and saved by Rachael fighting Leon(1:02:02) he becomes smitten with Rachael. Keep in mind, after each kill Deckard feels remorse¬†as if he lost himself in his job.¬†Even after he’s told by his superiors to eliminate Rachael as well, Deckard refuses because of his fascination for Rachael (1:00:30). Soon enough, Deckard¬†fell in love with Rachael, ultimately putting a blind eye on Rachael being a threat (1:10:00). Moving forward towards the end, the action picks up, here The Shining meets 2000: a Space odyssey with it’s unconventional suspense sequence. After killing Pris (1:33:20) and surviving Roy’s rage¬†(1:46:00), Deckard is momentarily at ease. Until, he’s warned by Gaff Rachael remains a suspect, which causes Deckard to rescue and escape with Rachael (1:50:00). In all, Deckard finds peace within Rachael despite her being a replicate. Deckard drawn by Rachael’s advanced humanly traits, but mainly¬†her compassion and curiosity. Rachael is seen different from the other replicates as she’s believed to have lived a life of a human being.

As a final thought, the novel and film share very similar aspects, still many important¬†details¬†are¬†missing in the film. For instance, in the film there isn’t any discussion of mercerism or Buster Friendly as both played a huge role in the novel being a voice of divinity. Another being the betrayal of Rachael towards Rick as this¬†moment drives ¬†Deckard to realization all androids lack real emotion. Also, the role of Resch, due to the fact¬†his¬†part in the novel changed the dynamics of the¬†story. Keep in mind it was the cruelness of Resch who Deckard realize his dislike for killing the androids. Overall,¬†Blade Runner¬†did an excellent job of capturing the personality of “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep,” as he audience receives a visual to a cult classic.



My entire life, I’ve been a quiet person or¬†in other words, an introvert. Quite often¬†I shy away from large crowds and avoid social settings as much as possible. However, When I write I¬†develop a confidence which guides me out of my comfort zone. For the reason I’m quiet I tap into my creativity, or in other words, daydream about all the wonders circulating in my mind. Then, I’m able to transfer that extraordinary thought to paper, an in return I’m able to invite others into my world. Writing is basically my escape from reality. When I write, I lose track of time and all reality as if I’m in some sort of holistic trance. I was lost, confused, misguided before I discovered my passion for writing. To put simply writing is my escape, my peace,¬†the igniter which drives me to succeed¬†each day. The goal is to become successful doing what I love. I want to influence the world by inviting them to a sanctuary created by my insane imagination. That is why I want to continue to grow as writer,¬†as well as embracing the teachings of my elders. Not to sound like a clich√©, but writing is my life. Writing makes me happy, as it gives me a purpose to impact this mundane world we live.

Finding Empathy, Losing Ethics

Rick Deckard deals with a vortex of things, between hunting androids and finding happiness (his obsession with animals),¬† yet Rick’s greatest conflict¬†is understanding¬†his feelings. While Rick continued his mission of retiring the androids, his understanding of empathy conflicted with his ethics. During his hunt, Rick found himself committing adultery, “murder,” and self-doubt, in all losing sight of what is ethical, as means of being empathic.

To explain, in the beginning of the¬†novel Rick deplored androids resulting in him hunting them down like wild creatures on the loose in humanity. Approaching the middle Rick begins to empathize¬†for the androids whom he dedicated his life to retiring. Keep in mind, Rick’s marriage is hinted to be rocky in the beginning of the novel as he, and his wife Iran appeared distant. Now with an estranged marriage Rick finds himself¬†heavily attracted to¬† other women. Ironically, those women happened to be android(Luba Luft and Rachael Rosen). With these unfamiliar feelings, Rick is awestruck by how humanly these android women are. For example, Rick ponders, “Do androids dream? Evidently; that’s why they occasionally kill their employers and flee here. A better life without servitude. Like Luba Luft; singing Don Giovanni and Le Nozze instead of toiling across the face of a barren rock-strewn field. On a fundamentally uninhabitable colony world. “(184).¬† To clarify, Rick understands why the androids fled Mars, in addition to appreciating the andys acknowledgement of human art. However, his human ideals forces him to retract that acknowledgement and continue his hunt for androids.

Moreover, after a night of passion shared with Rachael, Rick becomes madly in love with an android. Supporting this claim, Rick says, “If you weren’t an android, if I could legally marry you, I would.”(197). By this point, Rick is uncertain if wants to continue his bounty, instead settle with Rachael.¬† To add on, it was actually Rachael who convinced Rick to continue his bounty. Rachael’s influence on Rick is strong, meaning she is able to manipulate him seductively and psychologically.¬†Rick¬†points out, “I’m going to kill you, and go on to¬†Roy and Irmgard Baty¬†and Pris Stratton. If I can kill¬†you then I can kill them.”(200).¬†Rick realized his feelings for Rachael blinded his judgment and distracted him from his purpose of collecting the bounty for he and Iran.

Furthermore, Rachael had become Rick’s weakness, and if he wanted to¬†succeed in¬†his hunt, he had to rid himself of Rachael being that Pris and Rachael were identical.¬†Rick states,

“The hard one of the three… Mercer¬†protected me. Manifested himself and offered aid. She it would have gotten me, except for the fact Mercer warned me. I can do the rest now. this was the impossible one; she knew I couldn’t do this. But it’s over. In an instant. I did what I couldn’t do. The Batys I can track by standard procedure; they will be hard but they won’t be like this.” (221).

It wasn’t until he spoke with Mercer to rationalize his empathy, clarifying that Pris was indeed not Rachael and to follow through on his mission. Momentarily clear headed, Rick continued his hunt and succeeded doing so. And yet, he still felt unfulfilled.¬†The moment he got home to tell Iran¬†the good news,¬†Iran revealed Rachael had¬†killed their beloved goat.¬†At¬†last, Rick realized his infatuation with Rachael was false. Exhausted and frustrated Rick traveled far and wide to end Rachael, but came to¬†revelation¬†when he found a toad in ruins.¬†¬†Excited,¬† Rick bolted home to share his findings with Iran, to find out his toad was mechanical. By this time, Rick settled, and as did Iran. This only meant both Rick and Iran was no longer depressed or estranged, but accepts their reality as a synthetic animal is just the same as the real thing.

In his adventures, Rick realized cybernetic beings can be similar to the real thing. Though he was misled, Rick’s empathy shone greater than his ruthless aggression for androids or mechanical animals. In the end, Rick¬†figured¬†it was easier to accept, and not to stress on what he cannot control.


Empathic Manipulation

An ongoing theme in “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?” is empathic manipulation. Characters such as,¬†John¬†Isidore show great empathy towards the Androids, and¬†eventually Rick Deckard develop the same compassion for the Androids.¬†¬†More specifically, the manipulation of¬†humans by the Androids protects their well-being in a mission of rebellion. While Isidore is manipulated by the ways of the¬†Androids, Deckard is conflicted by the significance of android life. In all, the androids have a great ability of making humankind feel as if¬†they are the real-life beings.

Considered a “Chickenhead,” John Isidore is a mild-mannered, timid man who feels compassion for Androids, at the same time idolize the words of Buster Friendly. Alone in an apartment building, Isidore is introduced to his first neighbor, Pris, who is suspected to be an android because of her uncanny resemblance of Rachael Rosen. Pris acted suspicious when Isidore shared his knowledge of the Rosen¬†association¬†the text returns,¬† “A complicated expression instantly crossed her face fleetingly, gone at once.”(67). Pris continues, I never heard of them; I don’t know anything about it. More of your chickenhead imagination, I suppose. John Isidore and his personal private empathy box, Poor Mr. Isidore.”(67). Pris is clearly on the alert as if she is in hiding, hence Pris moved into the empty building with the shunned chickenhead, Isodore.¬†¬†Additionally, Pris has very little furniture and wanted to be left alone, despite Isidore’s relentless effort to be neighborly. Moreover, in terms of Isidore idolizing the words of Buster Friendly, Isidore is flabbergasted by Pris unknowing of his idol. Isidore says, she’s never heard of Buster Friendly. And that’s impossible, Buster is the most important human being alive, except of course Wilbur Mercer.” (69).¬† Aside from Mercerism, Buster Friendly is seen as a deity, as he is the voice of ¬†world.

In parallels,

Rick Deckard started as a bounty hunter who deplored all Androids. However, in the progression of the novel Deckard’s views had drastically change. On somewhat of a “retiring” spree, Deckard encountered Luba Luft, an android disguised as an human opera singer. Luba Luft gives Deckard a hard time while he’s giving her the Voigt-Kampff test. While doing his series of question, Luba Luft countered each question with an inquiry of her own or dismissive answer, evidently throwing Deckard off his game. As this continued, Luba Luft switched the focus on Deckard being an android himself. The text supports, “Maybe there was once a human who looked like you, and somewhere along the line you killed him and took his place. And your superiors don’t know. She smiled. As if inviting him to agree.” (102). In order to extend this conviction, Luba Luft continues the questionnaire, later accusing Deckard to be sexually deviant. As a solution, Luba Luft called the authorities which Deckard was confidant they’ll side with him (being a¬†cop and all). However, Luba Luft called the androids authorities, whom tried their best to twist Deckard’s life upside down by¬†making him think he was an android. It wasn’t until he met Phil Resch, a fellow bounty hunter undercover in the Android police department. There Phil Resch rescued Deckard from the Android’s custody, in addition to killing Inspector Garland, who was also on Deckard’s Nexus-6 hit-list.

Both Deckard and Resch continued on to retire Luba Luft, however in a moment of clarity Rick no longer felt the need. Deckard wrestled Resch as he attempted to save Luba Luft from being retired.(134). Failing to do so Deckard found himself drowning in remorse. Deckard states,¬† “I can’t follow your reasoning it isn’t rational, that’s why. I’m getting out of this business… They can use androids. Much better if andys do it. I can’t anymore, I’ve had enough. She was a wonderful singer. The planet could have used her. This is insane.”(136) At last, Deckard had finally felt the compassion his wife felt for the Androids, finally seeing them as a part of life rather than false people.¬† Furthermore, Rick realized something about Resch, as he is seen colder than most. Deckard mentions, “I see a pattern. The way you killed Garland and then the way you killed Luba. You don’t kill the way I do, you don’t try to-Hell. I know what it is. You like to kill. All you need is pretext. If you had pretext you’d kill me.”(137). Deckard noticed the mercilessness in Resch as he doesn’t kill Androids in the name of justice, as he does, but as a means for the sake of killing what is seen wrong.

In the end, by noticing the hatred in Phil Resch, Deckard is able to see himself in another light. An inhumane, dark light which was seen by Iran from the start.¬† Deckard doesn’t enjoy killing android,¬†but is trapped in a¬†world where¬†hunting andys is his way of survival. And as for Isidore, his neglect from society forces him to embrace and preach the words of the andys as a mean of acceptance.

Symbolism of Animals

“Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?” By Philip K. Dick is a tale of man vs. machine, even so there is a significance to the continuing theme of animals. In the first five chapters, animals are mentioned frequently. The questions arise, what is the symbolism of animals? Why is Rick Deckard fascinated with animals?

From the moment we are introduced to Deckard, his captivation with animals begins in the first chapter during a morning argument with his wife, Iran. Deckard says, ‚ÄúInstead of saving, so we could buy a real sheep, to replace that fake electric one upstairs. A mere electric animal, and me earning all that I‚Äôve worked my way up to through the years.‚ÄĚ (p.4). Now with this comment, the hypothesis made reflected of the novel‚Äôs title ‚ÄúDo Android Dream of Electric Sheep,‚ÄĚ as one can assume Deckard is an unknowing Android living as a human, with human mannerisms. But then we learn it is normal in this world to have domesticated, wild animals. Which furthers Deckard‚Äôs wanting of an animal. As he meets with his neighbor, Barbour, then try to negotiate for Barbour‚Äôs as the text states ‚ÄúEver thought of selling your house. Rick asked. He wished to God he had a horse, in fact any animal.‚ÄĚ (p.9). At this moment, it can be alleged Deckard simply enjoy the company of animals, however the theme of animals continued to appear.

Moving forward,

Approaching chapter 3, the reader learn androids are emotionally detached. As mentioned, ‚ÄúFor Rick Deckard an escaped humanoid robot, which had killed its master, which had been equipped with an intelligence greater than that of many human beings, which had no regard for animals, which possessed no ability to feel empathic joy another life form‚Äôs success or grief at its defeat ‚Äď that, for him, epitomized The Killers.‚ÄĚ (p.32). Then it is realized the assumption of Deckard being an android is false, as Deckard show great passion for animals. While the first theory has been shot, another is made. In theory, being in a destroyed world where the elite have left the Earth and found refuge elsewhere, leaving many to fend for themselves. While the Earth is in ruins most animals died, making them endangered. Therefore, people domesticate wild animals to preserve not only the species, but also hope of restoring the world to its old oasis. In all, the symbolism of the animals is to maintain realism in a robotic world.


Class Notes 9/29/16

September 29, 2016


No class Tuesday 10/04, Thursday 10/06, 10/11

Essay 1 due BEGINNING of class 10/13 (Late Essay’s will NOT be accepted)

Midterm Review Tues. 10/29

Blogs due 10/13

Extra Credit Due by 10/06

Class Assignment:

Group Discussion: “There Will Come Soft Rains” (1950) Short story/Poem

Workout Questions/Elements of Fiction/ Textual Evidence/ Claim

Class Discussion:

Claim – House obsession with time

(an ongoing theme throughout the story)

  • No one is there to follow or be aware of time
  • Time is relevant who perceives it
  • Only the house care about time, whereas irrelevant to the nonexistent people

Evidence –¬†”¬†the voice-clock sang, Tick-tock, seven o’clock, time to get up, time to get up, seven o’clock!” (P. 01)

Claim – Evidence of life

  • Evidence of an existing family in the post apocalyptic world
  • The House is personified as the setting and Protagonist.
  • Daily routine becomes apparent

Evidence –¬† “Here the silhouette in paint of a man mowing a lawn. Here, as in a photograph, a woman bent to pick flowers. Still farther over, their images burned on wood in one titanic instant, a small boy, hands flung into the air; higher up, the image of a thrown ball, and opposite him a girl, hands raised to catch a ball which never came down.” (P. 01)

Claim – House is given human characteristics

  • House shows feeling of fear, disgust and sadness

Evidence – “it had shut up its windows and drawn shades in an old maidenly preoccupation with self-protection which bordered on a mechanical paranoia. It quivered at each sound, the house did” (p.02)

Roundtable Reading/Analysis

Paragraph 1

  • The House is afraid
  • The house is empty
  • Personification ( “the voice-clock sang,” “as if it were afraid that nobody would”)

Paragraph 2

  • Breakfast is made for a family who doesn’t exist.
  • Question: Who made the breakfast?
  • Personification ( ”¬†the breakfast stove gave a hissing sigh”)

Paragraph 3

  • Setting details
  • Voice memo set for family reminders
  • Technology is external

Paragraph 4

  • Electric Eyes? Personification/Alliteration (“somewhere in the walls, relays clicked, memory tapes glided under electric eyes”)

Paragraph 5

  • Daily Routine – House is reflecting off the people’s obsession with routine?
  • Rhyme-like
  • Echo/repetitive

Open Discussion

Is the house obsessed or organized with daily schedules?

  • The house uses this as an excuse to stay busy
  • Funneling attention to time
  • A reflection of the family routine
  • Programmed to follow a strict routine
  • Distraction from the destroyed world

The text use of Personification and literary elements

“At eight-thirty the eggs were shriveled and the toast was like stone. An aluminum wedge scraped them into the sink, where hot water whirled them down a metal throat which digested and flushed them away to the distant sea. The dirty dishes were dropped into a hot washer and emerged twinkling dry.¬†” (P. 01, paragraph 7)

“hot water whirled them down a metal throat which digested and flushed them away to the distant sea.” (Personified)

“The house was an altar with ten thousand attendants, big, small, servicing, attending, in choirs. But the gods had gone away, and the ritual of the religion continued senselessly, uselessly. ” (p. 02 paragraph 03)

“ten thousand attendants” – Metaphor for mechanical mice used to clean the House

“But the gods had gone away” – To serve humankind, a loss for hope

“the ritual of the religion “- Schedules and daily¬†routines

“senselessly, uselessly “- Adverb; used to tell the reader how to feel

Video Clip


Famous presidential commercial used to represent the fear of nuclear warfare during the height of the Cold War.


Algorithm – (n) a process or set of rules to be followed in problem-solving operation, especially by a computer

Ambiguous – (adj) more than one meaning

Ambivalence – (n) Conflicting feelings; mixed feeling

Arbitrary – (adj) based on random choice or personal whim

Apprehensive – (adj) fearful something bad will happen

Automata – (n) a moving mechanical device made in imitation of a human being

Mundane – (adj) lack of excitement, routine







Smart House

Phenomenally poetic, just to sum up Bradbury’s use of setting.¬† Bradbury began with ” In the Living room the voice clock sang, Tick-tock, seven o’clock time to get up, time to get up, seven o’clock! as if were afraid that nobody would. ” (p.1).¬† and “Seven nine, breakfast time, seven-nine!” (pg.1). From the beginning of the story Bradbury’s use of personification and alliteration, settled in great formation of a¬†dramatic story of dystopian tragedy.¬† Automatically, my attention was drawn to the story with the question of what is “it”?¬†Which Bradbury spoke of in the opening sentence.

Then¬†the second paragraphs,¬†Bradbury writes,¬†¬†“In the kitchen the breakfast stove gave a hissing sigh and ejected from its warm interior eight pieces of perfectly browned toast, eight eggs Sunnyside up, sixteen slices of bacon, two coffees, and two cool glasses of milk.” (pg. 1). So far, in the first two paragraphs the reader is given the setting (The living room and kitchen) as the opening words of both paragraphs. However, what is fascinating about the first paragraph is the human traits of the household items. Beginning with the voice-singing clock and sighing stove.

By this point an assumption is made that Bradbury intentionally used literary elements to spice up his story. However, Bradbury continued to give human features to inanimate items. In a single paragraph, Bradbury writes, “Somewhere in the walls, relays clicked, memory tapes glided under electric eyes.(pg.01). Still in¬†the beginning of the story, Bradbury continue to bring things to life, which only broaden my curiosity to suspicion.


Moving forward, it couldn’t¬†have been¬†a coincidence that Bradbury used such eloquent literacy¬†just¬†for literary sake.¬†Then comes the beginning of page two,¬†which made all assumptions¬†accurate.¬† At the beginning of page two, Bradbury writes,

“Until this day, how well the house had kept its peace. How carefully it had inquired, “Who goes there? What’s the password?” and, getting no answer from lonely foxes and whining cats, it had shut up its windows and drawn shades in an old maidenly preoccupation with self-protection which bordered on a mechanical paranoia. It quivered at each sound, the house did. (pg.02)

And as it was written, the house was ALIVE!!!¬†Bradbury¬†was clever in hinting the life of the house, as it is easily mistaken for literary magnificence.¬†¬†Moreover,¬†further along into the story there isn’t any suggestion of actual characters, other than the recorded people of the past. It is realized the main character of the story is actually the house, in addition to the main setting. In fact, it goes without saying the house is very humanly, as it displayed strong human emotions such as, sadness,¬†fear and disgust.¬† In all, Bradbury did a fantastic job in displaying literary brilliance, while maintaining the theme of Dystopian drama without the use of actual people.

The Perplexity of John

John¬†struggles to self-identify. To explain, he was raised follow the ways of the Savage Reservation, his values taught from his readings, at the same time educated by the memories Linda held for the World State. Now introduced to a new way of life John has a difficult time adjusting to the World State’s standards of living. In all, John is in parallels with himself, as he feels as he is seen. A savage.


Very often John is conflicted between what he knows, and what is seen as normal in this new society. For instance, John’s feelings towards Lenina were genuine, and even so John isn’t accustomed to the free-loving ways of the World State. John opens up to Lenina revealing his intentions of matrimonial proposal by stating, “At Malpais, you had to bring her the skin mountain lion – I mean when you wanted to marry someone. Or else a wolf.”(Pg. 173). With this is in mind, Lenina is driven into bewilderment, as she is so accustom to the World State’s form of affection. John’s chivalry eventually drive a wedge between he and Lenina, and from there on is taken on a stroll of anger.



What’s more, John understanding of the World’s State becomes violent. Continuously, referred as the “savage,” John expresses savagery on multiple occasions. First being is his visit to Linda, who is hospitalized on her death bed. A group of children, conditioned to death, sees the hideous features of Linda in which the children viciously mocked. Following, the text announces, “The Savage had seized him by the color, lifted him clear over the chair, and with smart box on the ears, sent him howling away.”(pg. 183) His rage erupted by the mockery of the children, forcing John to act out of civilized. By this time, John has already been shunned by his father, the Director, and neglected by Linda, as she preferred companionship and a soma high. As a result, John’s rage escalated after Linda mistaken him for her lover, Pope. As shown in the text, “She knew him as John, her son, but fancied him an intruder into that paradisal Malpais where she had been spending her soma holiday. He was angry because she liked Pope, he was shaking her because Pope was there in the bed – as though there were something wrong, as though all civilized people didn’t do the same.”(pg.185). Now with a hatred for soma (as he blamed it for Linda’s mindless obsession), John displayed his frustration by causing a frenzy believing it was the right thing. As mentioned,



“Free, free! And with one hand continued to throw the soma into the area while, with the other, he punched the indistinguishable faces of his assailants. Free! And suddenly there was Helmholtz at his side … Also Punching -Men at last- and in an interval also throwing poison out by handfuls through the open window.” (pg..193)



Moving forward,



John is brought to Mustapha Mond, who does not see John as a savage, but understands his struggle to adapt. Mustapha helped John understand the ways of the World State by stating,



“Because our world is not the sane as Othello’s world. You can‚Äôt make flivvers without steel – and you can‚Äôt make tragedies without social instability. The world’s stable now. People are happy, they get what they want, and they never want what they can’t get. They’re well off; they’re safe, they’re never ill, they’re not afraid of death; they’re blissfully ignorant of passion and old age; they’re plagued with no mothers or fathers; they’ve got no wives, or children, or lovers to feel strongly about; they’re so conditioned that they practically can’t help believing as they ought to believe. And if anything should go wrong, there’s soma. Which you go and chuck out of liberty! Expecting Deltas to know what liberty is! And now expecting them to understand Othello!” (pg. 198)



To put simply, Mustapha Mond goes on to explain to John in order to have a “perfect” world, the sacrifices had to be made. The arts and religion were eliminated from society, while science and technology was seen as the good for Community, Identity and Stability.



John, at last found happiness, however momentarily. Alone, in isolation, John felt being by himself was the best way he is able to belong in his ideal society. Showing example of dystopian enclave the text supports, “He had decided to live there because the view was so beautiful, because, from his vantage point, he seemed to be looking out to the incarnation of a divine being.”(pg. 219). Even though John found sanctuary being alone, John still dealt with difficulties accepting emotions, as a solution John punished himself. Caught in the act, John is seen whipping himself as the text states, ‚ÄúHis back was horizontally streaked with crimson, and from weal to weal ran thin trickles of blood.” (pg. 221). This unseen act is eventually gazed upon by wondering eyes, in due course, John once again becomes the attraction of everyone’s attention. Last, but not least, the text reads, “Through an archway on the further side of the room they could see the bottom of the staircase that led up to the higher floors. Just under the crown of the arch dangled a pair of feet.” (pg.230). With the constant harassment, vortex of emotions, and confusion of self, John finally let go as he no longer was able to cope with his unwanted fame.



Brooklyn Book Festival

Today, I visited the Brooklyn Book Festival, and it was an inspiring event. Between the passion of the speakers and joy of the¬†vendors, the energy¬†given from¬†the event was all positive. As someone who is passionate about people togetherness, it was heartwarming to see people promote and support one another in such a moving way. While there, I took the time out to learn about different authors journey creating their masterpiece. I was able to embrace their experiences, while capturing the culture of literature. Although my visit wasn’t very long, I am glad I took the time out to visit this event. In the end, I am motivated to push my work forward. And maybe sooner, rather than later I will be participating in the Brooklyn Book¬†Festival not as a spectator, but as a published writer.



Bernard’s Character Arc

Throughout the novel, Bernard is seen as a man seeking independence from his mundane life. There is constant talk of him disliking the ways of the World State, and even questioning his prominent position in the “perfect” state. As the reader, we are most relatable to Bernard’s character, as it is human nature to question true happiness. However, the comparison towards Bernard is thrown out the window when his true ambition of fame is discovered. Bernard went from being a modest loner, seeking independence to an arrogant celebrity, engulfed in ego and fame.

Supporting this claim, we begin with a new found confidence in Bernard as he and Lenina return from the savage reservation with Linda and John.¬†¬†Boastful and stout, Bernard approached the Director with confidence, before learning he is being punished for his spread of propaganda. Evidence¬†of the¬†Director’s disappointment shown in the text states,

¬†“By his heretical views on sport and soma, by the scandalous unorthodoxy of his sexlife, by his refusal to obey the teachings of Our Ford and behave out of office hours, ‘even as a little infant, he has proved himself an enemy of Society, a subverter, ladies and gentlemen, of all Order and stability, a conspirator against civilization itself. For that reason I propose to dismiss him…” (pg. 138).

Heavy accusation fell on Bernard by the Controller. However, instead of accepting defeat Bernard retaliated by exposing the past of the Director by introducing his former lover and son to he and¬†his underlings. First, Linda expresses her joy after being reunited with the Controller, the text supports, “She ran forward, her blanket trailing behind her, threw her arms round his neck, hid her face on his chest. A Howl of laughter up irrepressibly. ” (pg. 140). Following was John, repeating “My Father”(pg. 140) to express his excitement of meeting the Controller. The text continues, “Pale wide-eyed, the Director glared about him in an agony if bewilderment humiliation.” (pg.141). Stricken with shame and embarrassment, the Director steps down from his position leaving Bernard free from his punishment and turning him into a celebrity, along with John.

Now looked upon as a celebrity, Bernard’s character finally found the happiness he sought out for so long thanks to the arrival of John. Evidence supporting this statement goes, ” It was John, then,¬† they we all after. And as it was only through Bernard, his accredited guardian, that John could be seen. Bernard now found himself, for the first time in his life, treated not merely normally, but as a person of outstanding importance…” (pg. 144). Thieving on the¬†curiosity of others¬†on John, ¬†Bernard’s notability sky rocketed and finally felt comfortable to be apart of society. Moreover, the text adds, “the days passed. Success went frizzily to Bernard’s head, and in the process completely reconciled him (as good intoxicate should do) to a world which, up till then, he found himself unsatisfactory… He was politely listened to, but behind his back they shook their heads.” (pg.145). Blinded by his popularity, Bernard had went from a respected man of the state to a arrogant celebrity, whom people secretly resented. Even so, that did not matter as Bernard was at last happy for the first time.

The question to be asked, does fame bring happiness?

While many characters find happiness by just being apart of the “perfect” world, that was not the case for Bernard. Even with a high ranking, reputable status and the affection of Lenina, Bernard was still unhappy. Now famous for introducing the World State to savages, Bernard is looked upon greater than before. His character began as sad and pitiful, over the course of the story we discover Bernard’s hidden desire in his pursuit of happiness. In the end, Bernard’s gain for fame made him feel humanly important and meaningful.

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