This article discusses the existence and usage of writing systems and oral
traditions throughout history. There have been many advantages and disadvantages
of literacy within certain cultures. As societies made great advances in forms
of communication, a significant proportion of the population remained left out. Select writing systems was only available to elite groups. This made it difficult to promote and spread literacy. The success of many modes of communication depended on the level of literacy within each society. Although literacy was exclusive to elite groups, oral tradition had its pros. One pro was the face-to-face conversations and the importance of consistency. On the other hand, in literate societies, writing is an alternative source of communication and has many inconsistencies.